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Guastalla (Guastallese: Guastàla) is a town and comune in the province of Reggio Emilia in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

Guastalla
Comune
Città di Guastalla
Guastalla, piazza mazzini 03.jpg
Coat of arms of Guastalla
Coat of arms
Guastalla is located in Italy
Guastalla
Guastalla
Location of Guastalla in Italy
Coordinates: 44°55′N 10°40′E / 44.917°N 10.667°E / 44.917; 10.667
CountryItaly
RegionEmilia-Romagna
ProvinceReggio Emilia (RE)
FrazioniPieve, San Giacomo, San Giorgio, San Girolamo, San Martino, San Rocco, Tagliata
Government
 • MayorCamilla Verona
Area
 • Total52.5 km2 (20.3 sq mi)
Elevation24 m (79 ft)
Population (31 December 2016)[1]
 • Total15,100
 • Density290/km2 (740/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Guastallesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code42016
Dialing code0522
Patron saintSt. Francis
Saint dayOctober 4
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

GeographyEdit

Guastalla is situated in the Po Valley, and lies on the banks of the Po River. Guastalla is located at around 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the cities of Reggio Emilia, Parma, and Mantua.

HistoryEdit

The area of Guastalla was probably settled by Etruscans as early as the 7th century BCE, but the name of the city is mentioned for the first time in 864 CE. Of Lombard origin, the city was ruled by the Torelli family from 1406 to 1539, when it became the capital of a duchy under the Gonzaga family and housed artists like Guercino and Torquato Tasso.

In 1748, by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, the city became part of the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza e Guastalla, to which it belonged until 1847, when it was inherited by the Duke of Modena. Since the unification of Italy in 1861 Guastalla has been a part of Italy.

IndustryEdit

SMEG, a major manufacturer of high-design domestic appliances, was founded by Vittorio Bertazzoni in Guastalla in 1948, where it still has its headquarters.

Main sightsEdit

Guastalla town:

  • The Cathedral (16th century) by Francesco da Volterra.
  • The Ducal Palace of Guastalla (1567).
  • The Civic Theatre Ruggero Ruggeri (1671).
  • The Town Hall.
  • The octagonal Oratory of Madonna della Concezione.
  • The church of Santa Maria dei Servi, designed by Francesco da Volterra. Noteworthy in the interior is a Deposition, canvas by Giuseppe Maria Crespi.
  • The Civic Tower (18th century), in the location where once was the Spanish Castle

Around Guastalla:

  • The Romanesque Oratory of St. George (probably from the 9th century).
  • The Basilica of St. Peter at Pieve di Guastalla, which was seat of two Roman Catholic councils. It houses an ancient baptismal font (9th century) and painted terracotta portraying the Madonna with Child, attributed to Guido Mazzoni.

Twin TownsEdit

ResidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ISTAT Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Gemellaggio_1" (in Italian).
  3. ^ "Gemellaggio_2" (in Italian).
  4. ^ "Gemellaggio_3" (in Italian).