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Calumet Charter Township, Michigan

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Calumet Charter Township (/ˌkæljʊˈmɛt/ KAL-yuu-MET) is a charter township of Houghton County in the U.S. state of Michigan.[3][1][4] The population was 6,489 at the 2010 census,[1] down from 6,997 at the 2000 census. Even with a decreasing population, the township remains the largest township by population in Houghton County.[5]

Calumet Township, Michigan
Community of Kearsarge along U.S. Route 41
Community of Kearsarge along U.S. Route 41
Location within Houghton County (red) with the administered villages of Calumet, Laurium, and Copper City (pink)
Location within Houghton County (red) with the administered villages of Calumet, Laurium, and Copper City (pink)
Calumet Township is located in Michigan
Calumet Township
Calumet Township
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 47°14′58″N 88°26′41″W / 47.24944°N 88.44472°W / 47.24944; -88.44472Coordinates: 47°14′58″N 88°26′41″W / 47.24944°N 88.44472°W / 47.24944; -88.44472
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyHoughton
Established1866
Government
 • SupervisorPaul Lehto
Area
 • Total33.3 sq mi (86.2 km2)
 • Land33.2 sq mi (85.9 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
1,191 ft (363 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,489
 • Density196/sq mi (75.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
49913, 49942
Area code(s)906
FIPS code26-12600[1]
GNIS feature ID1626023[2]
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

HistoryEdit

Native Americans have mined native copper in Calumet Township beginning thousands of years ago.[6]

Calumet Township was created on 27 November 1866 at the Houghton County Clerk's Office; however, the Township did not hold their first meeting until Monday, 17 December 1866 at what was then the headquarters of the Calumet Mining Company.[5][7]

The Wolverine Mine opened in 1882. Large-scale production began in 1890. The mine closed in 1925. The old Wolverine Mine is famous among mineral collectors for copper, silver, epidote, and quartz specimens.[8]

CommunitiesEdit

Calumet Charter Township is host to a large number of communities, most of them being largely unincorporated today with the exception of three villages. It should be noted that there are communities outside the township that are still part of the regionally-known Calumet Area, so named because the communities largely sprang up around the operations of the Calumet and Hecla Mining Company. Communities outside of the Charter Township, yet still in the Calumet area include Ahmeek Location (distinct from the village of the same name), Allouez, Bumbletown, and New Allouez in Keweenaw County's Allouez Township; Osceola, Tamarack, Tecumseh, and West Tamarack in neighbouring Osceola Township; and the village of Ahmeek.[9][3][10][11][12][13][14][15]

Within the Charter Township, however, are the communities of:

AttractionsEdit

LandmarksEdit

  • The Calumet Colosseum, currently serving as the home arena for the Calumet Wolverines, is also the oldest operating indoor ice rink in the world, and is open to the public.[33][34][35][36]
  • The Calumet Theatre, the theatre is the oldest municipally-built and owned opera house in the United States, is a symbol of both the village of Calumet and the historic Calumet Area itself. [37][38][11][18][10][39][40]
  • The Calumet Visitor Center, at the Union Building on Fifth Street in the village of Calumet, provides both travelers and tourists alike with necessary information about the area.[41]
  • The Italian Hall Memorial Park in the village of Calumet is a very somber yet respectful tribute to those who perished in the Italian Hall Disaster on Christmas Eve, 1913.[42][11][40]
  • The U.S.S. Kearsarge Veterans Memorial in Kearsarge is perhaps worth a stop. It does not resemble the actual historical USS Kearsarge, however, it does nonetheless serve as an important memorial and symbol for the community's namesake.[43][36]

Parks and recreationEdit

Calumet Township boasts numerous recreation areas. Parks, playgrounds, fishing areas, and beaches are scattered all over the township. Among these are:

  • Agassiz Field, in the village of Calumet, is a football field off of Elm Street and adjacent to Agassiz Park. The Field has historically been associated with its rough playing conditions.[44][45]
  • The 1920s-era Agassiz Park, in the Village of Calumet, is host to a basketball court and some horseshoe pits, as well as a monument of Alexander Agassiz himself, the areas namesake.[46][47][48]
  • The newly-opened Calumet Township Indoor Shooting Range offers supervised-target practice shooting to visitors for a small fee.[36]
  • The Calumet Township Waterworks Park & Beach Area, on Lake Superior, is a 16-acre park with a picturesque beachfront, two pavilions, picnic areas, a playground, Volleyball and Basketball courts, toilets, a Baseball area and a handicap-accessible ramp to reach the waterfront.[36][5]
  • The Copper City Playground Area in the village of Copper City.
  • Daniell Park, on the corner of both Pewabic and Third Street in the village of Laurium, was donated in 1937 by a man named Joshua Daniell for use as a public space. The Works Progress Administration (WPA) then began and subsequently completed the construction of the park. It has held an annual summer concert series since 1985.[49]
  • The George Gipp Memorial Park, dedicated 3 August 1935, is on the corners of Lake Linden Avenue and Tamarack Street in Laurium, pays tribute to Laurium's most famous resident affectionately known in the area as The Gipper.[50][11][36]
  • The George Gipp Recreation Area, also in Laurium, is host to a Baseball field, and Basketball courts, as well as an Ice arena known as the George Gipp Arena (formerly called the 'Bicentennial Arena').[51][36]
  • The Heights Park & Playground in Centennial Heights.[36]
  • The Kearsarge Park, in the community of the same name, is host to a Basketball court.
  • Legion Field is the name of a soccer field just outside the village of Calumet.
  • The Lions Club Park, just outside the village of Calumet, is also known as the Calumet Lake Park. It is situated along Calumet Lake and was formed by the Calumet Charter Township Board in cooperation with the Calumet Area Lions Club. This area features a walking trail, a horse shoe pit, parking lot, picnic tables, large grass-laiden fields, and a place to launch canoes or kayaks.[36]
  • The 1,900-acre Swedetown Recreation Area is located in its namesake, Swedetown, and has Ski trails, Bike trails, a well-known sledding and snowboarding hill, a 2 200 sq ft chalet, and some fishing docks. In the summer the Swedetown Recreation Area and Trails are often used by hikers, trail runners, mountain bikers, and more than 200 participants in the annual Great Deer Chase Mountain Bike Race. The area is managed by the Swedetown Trails Club or STC. [36][5]
  • The Wolverine Field is the name of the community of Wolverine's Baseball field.[36]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 33.3 square miles (86.2 km2), of which 33.2 square miles (85.9 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.38%, are water.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18703,182
18808,290160.5%
189012,52951.1%
190025,991107.4%
191032,84526.4%
192022,369−31.9%
193016,033−28.3%
194013,362−16.7%
195010,283−23.0%
19609,192−10.6%
19708,271−10.0%
19807,965−3.7%
19907,015−11.9%
20006,997−0.3%
20106,489−7.3%

As of the census[52] of 2000, there were 6,997 people, 2,892 households, and 1,697 families residing in the township. The population density was 210.4 per square mile (81.2/km²). There were 3,573 housing units at an average density of 107.5 per square mile (41.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.37% White, 0.11% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population. 40.7% were of Finnish, 10.1% German, 8.1% Italian, 6.8% French and 6.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,892 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the township the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $24,928, and the median income for a family was $34,236. Males had a median income of $26,985 versus $21,420 for females. The per capita income for the township was $14,711. About 11.9% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Calumet charter township, Houghton County, Michigan". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Calumet Charter Township, Michigan
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Monette, Clarence J. (1975). Some Copper Country Names And Places. Lake Linden, Michigan. ISBN 0-942363-04-3.
  4. ^ "Charter Township of Calumet, Houghton County, Michigan, United States". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
  5. ^ a b c d "Calumet Township History & Facts". www.calumettownship.org. Retrieved 2019-06-05.
  6. ^ Magnaghi, Russell M. (2009). Native Americans of Michigan's Upper Peninsula: A Chronology to 1900 (Second ed.). Marquette, Michigan: Center for Upper Peninsula Studies. ISBN 978-0-557-33460-5.
  7. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 94
  8. ^ Wolverine Mine at Mindat.org
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  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Engel, Dave; Mantel, Gerry (2002). Calumet: Copper Country Metropolis, 1893-1913. Rudolph, Wisconsin: River City Memoirs. ISBN 0-9722292-0-5.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Molloy, Lawrence J. (2011). A Guide to Michigan's Historic Keweenaw Copper District: Photographs, Maps, and Tours of the Keweenaw—Past and Present (Second ed.). ISBN 978-0-9791772-1-7.
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  21. ^ "Centennial, Charter Township of Calumet, Houghton County, Michigan, United States". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
  22. ^ "Centennial Heights, Charter Township of Calumet, Houghton County, Michigan, United States". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
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  41. ^ Calumet, Mailing Address: 25970 Red Jacket Road; Us, MI 49913 Phone:337-3168 Contact. "Calumet Visitor Center - Keweenaw National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
  42. ^ "Italian Hall Memorial Park". Keweenaw Convention & Visitor’s Bureau. Retrieved 2019-06-06.
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  46. ^ "Agassiz Park clean-up first step in process | News, Sports, Jobs - The Mining Gazette". Retrieved 2019-06-06.
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External linksEdit