Calasparra (Spanish: [kalasˈpara]) is a municipality in the autonomous community of Murcia, Spain. It shares borders with Cieza, Mula, Cehegín, Moratalla and province of Albacete.[4]

Calasparra
Calasparra-santuario-Virgen-de-la-Esperanza.jpg
Flag of Calasparra
Coat of arms of Calasparra
Location in Murcia
Location in Murcia
Calasparra is located in Murcia
Calasparra
Calasparra
Location in Spain
Calasparra is located in Spain
Calasparra
Calasparra
Calasparra (Spain)
Coordinates: 38°13′50″N 1°42′00″W / 38.23056°N 1.70000°W / 38.23056; -1.70000Coordinates: 38°13′50″N 1°42′00″W / 38.23056°N 1.70000°W / 38.23056; -1.70000
Country Spain
Autonomous community Murcia
Province Murcia
ComarcaNoroeste
 • Mayor(PSOE[1])
Area
 • Total184.9 km2 (71.4 sq mi)
Elevation
338 m (1,109 ft)
Population
 (10,178)[2]
 • Total10,178
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
30420[3]
Dialing code(+34) 968
Websitewww.calasparra.org

HistoryEdit

There were people living in Calasparra during the Bronze and Iron Ages.[5]

The present-day municipality was also occupied by people during the Roman Iberian Peninsula era as largely attested by several ceramic remains.[5][6][7]

There is archaeological evidence of the presence of people during the Muslim Iberian Peninsula era in the territory. A remarkable site is Villa Vieja or Despoblado de Villa Vieja, which consists of an ancient hamlet.[8]

Since the Moors' conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, there was an aspiration from some Christian kingdoms to conquer the Peninsula. The aspiration led to wars and also resulted in the acquisition of territories for the Christian kingdoms. The Kingdom of Castile obtained the Taifa of Murcia, the region where Calasparra was, in 1243 because the king of the Taifa felt under pressure and stipulated the Taifa to be dependent on the Christian kingdom with Castile in the Treaty of Alcaraz.[9] The Castilian kingdom bestowed upon the Knights Hospitaller the territory of Calasparra in 1289 as a reward for taking part in the Reconquista.[10][7]

GeographyEdit

Calasparra has an area of 193 km2 and a population of 10,178 (2019).[11][12] Between 2004 and 2006 more than 2,000 British immigrants bought new homes off-plan, built on 3 new urbanisations surrounding the town, with more purchasing country homes.

Calasparra is situated in a mountainous region (398m) in the northwest of the province of Murcia. In contrast to the surrounding arid terrain, Calasparra benefits from being crossed by four rivers, including the Segura.[13] This has enabled the cultivation of Calasparra rice, for which the town is noted, and dates back to the 14th century.

The following localities are present in the municipality: Calasparra, which is located in the southwestern quarter and had a population of 9,062 in 2020; Valentín, which is placed in the south-west and was inhabited by 465 people; El Esparragal, where 52 people lived; Hondonera, which population consisted of 27; Río Moratalla, which was home to 418 people; and Río Quípar, where 109 people resided.[14][15]

The population is predominantly Spanish, but other nationalities can be found here, particularly Moroccans and English.

DemographicsEdit

12.385% inhabitants are foreigners – 5.97% come from other countries of Europe, 3.868% are Africans, 2.24% are Americans and 0.3% are Asians.[16] The table below shows the population trends during the 20th and 21st centuries:[17]

1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1991 2001 2006 2011 2016
Population 6,428 7,464 7,851 8,673 10,627 10,416 9,707 8,357 8,678 8,745 9,258 9,969 10,585 10,268

EconomyEdit

62.3% of the surface of the municipality is used for landcrops purposes.[18] The products that are more widely grown are apricots, almonds, peaches and olives.[19] 33,54% of the agreements that were signed in 2018 corresponded to the agricultural sector and 47,16% corresponded to services sector.[20] 22.06% agreements were written for waiters, 15.94% were written for agriculture labourers (not considering the ones who work in vegetable gardens, greenhouses and gardens) and 19.94% agreements were signed by labourers in manufacture industries in the second half of 2016.[21]

Main sightsEdit

There are some sites and buildings that have special historic values:[22]

  • Villa Vieja: It is an archeological site that was anciently a settlement of the Muslim Iberian Peninsula era.
  • Calasparra's Castle: It was probably built in the 11th century, during the Muslim Iberian Peninsula era. It was abandoned after a Mudejar revolt in 1264, once that the territory had been conquered by Castile. The king of Castile Sancho IV bestowed the castle and the town to a military religious order in 1289.
  • Rambla de los Arcos Aqueduct
  • El Molinico: It was built in the 16th century and restored in the 17th century, 19 century and 1998. A blazon in relief is present in the façade. It represented the Melgarejo family, which were the owners of the building. The local government acquired the building in 1981.[23]
  • Virgen de la Esperanza Shrine[24]
  • Torre del Reloj (Clock Tower): its plan is squared and it has three bodies.[25] Its architectural style is neomudejar. The first documentary reference of the tower dates back to 1609 and the building was rebuilt in 1718 and it was rebuilt again in 1905 and 1996.[26]
  • La Encomienda: It was built in 1730 and 1731 and restored in 2009.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "CARM.es - Calasparra".
  2. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  3. ^ "Buscador Códigos Postales". Archived from the original on 2016-03-16.
  4. ^ "Mapa de municipios de la Reigón d eMurcia │Download Scientific Diagram". ResearchGate│Find and share research (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b Martí Coves, Eva; Martínez García, José Javier (2008). "Prospección en el paraje llano de la Traviesa, parcelas 6, 7, o y 9 del Polígono 204 (Término Municipal de Moratalla)". XIX Jornadas de patrimonio cultural de la Región de Murcia: 419. ISBN 978-84-7564-441-7.
  6. ^ "Historia de Calasparra - Antigüedad". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ a b "Historia". Turismo de Calasparra (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2015-08-03. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  8. ^ Pozo Martínez, Indalecio. "El despoblado islámica de «Villa Vieja», Calasparra, Murcia. Memoria prelimina"". Digitum: Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad de Murcia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-06-06. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  9. ^ "El Pacto de Alcaraz: la incorporación a Castilla". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2016-06-08. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  10. ^ "Historia de Calasparra - Edad Media". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "INEbase / Demography and population /Municipal Register. Population by municipality /Nomenclature: Continuous Register Population by Population Unit / Results". INE. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  12. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Calasparra - 1. Distribución de la superficie, extensión, distancia a la capital y altitud". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-02-22. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  13. ^ "Montes catalogados de Calasparra". Murcianatural (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2010-06-23. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
  14. ^ "Pedanías de Calasparra". Región de Murcia Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "INEbase / Demography and population /Municipal Register. Population by municipality /Nomenclature: Continuous Register Population by Population Unit / Results". INE. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
  16. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Calasparra - 5. Evolución de la población según nacionalidad". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Calasparra - 5. Evolución de la población según nacionalidad". Portal Estadístico de la Región de Murcia - CREM (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Calasparra - 1. Evolución de la distribución general de la tierra" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-06-06. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  19. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Calasparra - 3. Evolución de la superficie dedicada a cada grupo de cultivo" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-06-06. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  20. ^ "CREM - Datos Municipales Calasparra - 3. Evolución de los contratos de trabajo registrados según sector de actividad económica. CNAE-2009" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-06-07. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  21. ^ "Cifras de empleo municipal. 2º semestre de 2016. Municipio de Calasparra". SEFCARM.ES - Murcia Empleo (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  22. ^ "Monumentos". Turismo de Calasparra (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2015-08-03. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  23. ^ "Breve Historia del edificio "El Molinico"". Ayuntamiento de Calasparra (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-09-20. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  24. ^ Murcia, Instituto de Turismo de la Región de. "Santuario de la Virgen de la Esperanza : Official Murcia Region tourist site". murciaturistica.es. Retrieved 2020-06-07.
  25. ^ "Torre del Reloj de Calasparra-Arquitectura - Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. ^ "Torre del Reloj de Calasparra-Historia - Región de Murcia Digital" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit