Province of Cádiz
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Cádiz is a province of southern Spain, in the southwestern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is the southernmost part of mainland Spain, as well as the southernmost part of continental Europe.
Map of Spain with Cádiz highlighted
|• President||Irene García Macías (PSOE–A)|
|• Total||7,385 km2 (2,851 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 34th|
|1.47% of Spain|
(1 January 2014)
|• Rank||Ranked 8th|
|• Density||170/km2 (430/sq mi)|
|2.68% of Spain|
It is bordered by the Spanish provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Málaga, as well as the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Strait of Gibraltar and the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. Its area is 7,385 square kilometres.
Its capital is the city of Cádiz, which has a population of more than 128,000. The largest city is Jerez de la Frontera with 208,896 inhabitants (as of 2010), and another important city is Algeciras with just over 114,000 inhabitants. The entire province had a population of 1,240,175 (as of 2014), of whom about 600,000 live in the Bay of Cádiz area. Its population density is 167.93 per square kilometre.
- 1 Political and traditional subdivisions (comarcas)
- 2 Climate
- 3 Economy
- 4 Tourism
- 4.1 Beaches
- 4.2 Culture
- 4.3 Nature
- 4.3.1 Doñana National Park
- 4.3.2 Natural parks
- 4.3.3 Natural reserves
- 4.3.4 Natural sites
- 4.3.5 Natural monuments
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Notable sports teams
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
Political and traditional subdivisions (comarcas)Edit
The province encompasses 44 municipalities; besides its capital, other important cities are Jerez and Algeciras. (See the list of municipalities in Cádiz.) According to a roster developed by the Council of Tourism and Sport of Andalusia on 27 March 2003, there are officially six traditional or touristic comarcas (provincial areas or counties) in the Province of Cádiz:
- Bahía de Cádiz (Bay of Cádiz)
- Campiña de Jerez (Countryside of Jerez)
- Campo de Gibraltar (Countryside of Gibraltar)
- Bajo Guadalquivir (Lower Guadalquivir, or Northwest Coast, Costa Noroeste)
- La Janda
- Sierra de Cádiz (Cádiz Mountains)
Bay of Cádiz (Bahía de Cádiz)Edit
This area comprises towns and cities on the shores of the Bay of Cádiz on the west-central coast of the province:
Campiña de Jerez (Countryside of Jerez)Edit
This fertile area only includes two municipalities, both large in area:
Campo de Gibraltar (Countryside of Gibraltar)Edit
The towns that extend into the rural hinterlands north of Gibraltar are:
- Jimena de la Frontera
- Castellar de la Frontera
- San Roque
- La Línea de la Concepción
- Los Barrios
Bajo Guadalquivir (Northwest Coast; also called Costa Noroeste)Edit
The towns of this area called the "Bajo Guadalquivir" (lower Guadalquivir valley), are:
Towns included in La Janda, an area in the southwestern part of the province, are:
- Alcalá de los Gazules
- Benalup-Casas Viejas
- Conil de la Frontera
- Medina Sidonia
- Paterna de Rivera
- Vejer de la Frontera
Sierra de Cádiz (Cádiz Mountains)Edit
Towns included in the Cádiz Mountains area, in the northeastern part of the province, include:
- Alcalá del Valle
- Arcos de la Frontera
- El Bosque
- El Gastor
- Prado del Rey
- Puerto Serrano
- Setenil de las Bodegas
- Torre Alháquime
- Villaluenga del Rosario
- Zahara de la Sierra
Grazalema from Endrinal mountains
The entire province of Cádiz has a Mediterranean climate, mostly Köppen Csa but also Csb in high altitude areas. Large differences in summer temperatures exist between the three official stations in Cádiz, Jerez, and Tarifa depending on position relative to the coastline. Tarifa is exceptionally mild for such a southerly place in Spain, meanwhile winter temperatures are mild throughout the province with less difference between localities than in summer. Average yearly rainfall is 521 mm (20.5 in) in Cádiz, 573 mm (22.6 in) in Jerez, and 603 mm (23.7 in) in Tarifa. This is comparable to much cloudier climates further north in Europe, in spite of the high number of sunshine hours in the province. The Cádiz region is also much wetter than the arid Almería province further east in Andalusia.
|Cádiz||16.0 °C (60.8 °F)/ 9.4 °C (48.9 °F)||19.9 °C (67.8 °F)/ 13.7 °C (56.7 °F)||27.9 °C (82.2 °F)/ 22.0 °C (71.6 °F)||23.4 °C (74.1 °F)/ 17.3 °C (63.1 °F)|
|Jerez||16.2 °C (61.2 °F)/ 5.2 °C (41.4 °F)||22.2 °C (72.0 °F)/ 9.8 °C (49.6 °F)||33.5 °C (92.3 °F)/ 18.7 °C (65.7 °F)||25.5 °C (77.9 °F)/ 13.7 °C (56.7 °F)|
|Tarifa||15.1 °C (59.2 °F)/ 10.9 °C (51.6 °F)||17.3 °C (63.1 °F)/ 13.0 °C (55.4 °F)||24.5 °C (76.1 °F)/ 20.0 °C (68.0 °F)||20.6 °C (69.1 °F)/ 16.7 °C (62.1 °F)|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Cadiz (province).|
In 2014 the unemployment rate was 42%, the highest in the country. The main industry is tourism, mainly from non-coastal Spanish cities, Germany and the UK. Its once-important shipbuilding industry (Astilleros) is now in crisis due to competition from South Korea and China. There are factories of Airbus and Delphi. It also exports sherry as well as alimentary products.
- Sherry production
- John Harvey & Sons in Jerez de la Frontera
- Gonzalez Byass
- Olive groves
- Fishing Ports, as in Cádiz and Algeciras.
- Cork products from the Alcornocales cork-oak forests
Major industrial facilitiesEdit
|1°||Agriculture, Animal husbandry and fishing.||4%|
|2°||Industry (energy, industry and construction)||28%|
|3°||Services (tourism, hostelery and public administration)||67%|
Some of these beaches are relatively wild and far from big urban areas. One of the attractions of the area is its contrast to the mass tourism on the Mediterranean coast. There are extensive nature reserves in the region and the unspoilt feel of the area is heightened by the presence of wild animals including cows and horses on many stretches of beach.
The Costa de la Luz has traditionally been a popular destination for Spaniards wanting to enjoy the beach while avoiding the stifling heat of the Mediterranean Coast, although until recently this largely unspoilt Atlantic coastline was little known to foreign visitors. One of the factors that brought the region to the attention of foreign holidaymakers was the growing realisation that its Southern reaches are one of the world's best locations for wind sports.
Tarifa, located on the Strait of Gibraltar at the southernmost point of mainland Europe, has become Europe's foremost kitesurfing destination due to the area's unique wind phenomena, reliably sunny summer weather and the variety of beaches at locations such as Los Canos de Meca, Bolonia, Punta Paloma and, most famously, Playa de Los Lances where in the summer months you will often see over 1,000 kites in the air. The local economy has benefited significantly from the wind sport explosion: there are more than 50 kite schools in Tarifa and hundreds of shops, bars and hotels serving the many thousands of kitesurfers who visit every year.
- Playa La Barrosa in Chiclana de la Frontera
- Playa La Victoria in Cádiz
- Playa de Levante in El Puerto de Santa María
- Playa de Bolonia in Tarifa
- Playa de Camposoto in San Fernando
- Los Canos de Meca
- Playa de Los Lances in Tarifa
- Carnival of Cádiz
- Feria de Jerez
- Semana Santa in all municipalities of the Province
- Horse racing in Sanlúcar de Barrameda
- Circuito Permanente de Jerez
- White Towns of Andalusia
- Ruta del Toro
Doñana National ParkEdit
Doñana National Park is one of two national parks in the autonomous community of Andalusia. A small area of the park extends into Cadiz Province, just north of Sanlucar de Barrameda and on the south bank of the Rio Guadalquivir. This area is primarily marismas. The public have access to a recreational area and a short walking trail. There is no direct access to the bulk of the park that lies on the north bank of the river in the provinces of Seville and Huelva.
- 100 km², located at the mouth of the Guadalete river, consists of marshland, beaches, reed and sand dunes.
- Bird watching. Sailing, windsurfing, hiking.
- (Ocean) Pine. Many types of shrubs and bushes.
- Gannet solan goose, storch, cormorant, great crested grebe, (sea)gull, flamingo, tern, sea eagle, avocet.
- 37.97 km², high cliff rock formations covered by pine trees.
- Bird watching, archeological and botanical excursions, diving, windsurfing, sailing, hiking.
- Strandpine, black juniper tree, black spruce, juniper, small palm tree, rosemary.
- Herring gull, chaffinch, greenfinch, cattle egret, little egret, crested tit, woodpecker, kestrel, peregrine falcon.
- This natural park is shared by three provinces, Cádiz, Huelva and Seville. It is an area to the east and northeast of the national park.
- Home of the Iberian lynx, a protected species.
- Information center in Alcalá de los Gazules; visitors centers in Algeciras and Cortes de la Frontera (Málaga).
- 1,700.25 km² in area.
- Low mountain range, densely covered by cork oak trees ("Alcornoques").
- Bird watching, archeological and botanical excursions, hiking, mountainbiking, speleology.
- Cork oak, olive tree, gall oak, pink rock rose, small palm tree, alder, rhododendron, holly, bracken (fern), cherry tree, laurel.
- Sparrow hawk, short-toed snake eagle, booted eagle, goshawk, eagle owl, tawny owl, culture, kestrel, peregrine falcon, wild boar, deer, weasel, (sea)otter, wildcat, mongoose.
- Administration in El Bosque; visitors' center in El Bosque.
- 516.95 km² in area.
- Limestone formation, transformed to ravines, declines and caves. Large colonies of Spanish fir ("pinsapo").
- Bird watching, archeological and botanical excursions.
- Hiking, climbing, mountainbiking, speleology, paragliding.
- Spanish fir, cork oak, holm oak, gall oak, carob, oleaster.
- Imperial eagle, golden eagle, fish hawk, vulture, Egyptian vulture, mountain goat, deer, mongoose, (sea)otter, fox.
- Is the most meridional national park of Europe.
- Its location at the southernmost point of mainland Spain, and of mainland Europe, at the point where the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea meet in the Strait of Gibraltar, places it on the migratory route for many birds.
- There are eight natural reserves in the province: Complejo Endorreico de Chiclana, Complejo Endorreico de Espera, Complejo Endorreico de Puerto Real, Complejo Endorreico del Puerto de Santa María, Laguna de Medina, Lagunas de las Canteras y el Tejón, Laguna de la Paja, and Peñón de Zaframagón (which straddles the border with the province of Seville.)
- There are seven natural sites in the province: Cola del Embalse de Arcos, Cola del Embalse de Bornos, Estuario del Río Guadiaro, Isla del Trocadero, Marismas de Sancti Petri, Marismas del Río Palmones, and Playa de Los Lances.
Parques Periurbanos: Pinares y Dunas de San Antón La Suara La Barrosa
- There are five natural monuments in the province: Corrales de Rota, Duna de Bolonia, Punta del Boquerón, Tómbolo de Trafalgar, and Escarpes del Río Trejo en Setenil.
- Cádiz-Seville Line
- Cercanías Cádiz
- Algeciras-Granada Line
The main ways to enter the province are by road from Seville or Malaga and by the Jerez Airport.
Notable sports teamsEdit
- Cádiz CF in the Segunda División. (LFP)
- Real Balompédica Linense in the Segunda División B.
- CD San Fernando in the Segunda División B.
- Algeciras CF in the Tercera División.
- Racing Club Portuense in the Tercera División.
- Xerez CD in the Tercera División.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Standard Climate Values for Andalucía". Aemet.es. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "Standard Climate Values, Andalucía". Aemet.es. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
- Hayden, Grace (August 20, 2014). "Cadiz: A Profile of the Province With the Highest Unemployment in Spain". Econintersect News Blog. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- Grazalema Natural Park tourist information in Spanish, English, French and German
- Excma. Diputación Provincial de Cádiz
- Official Website of Tourism in the Province of Cádiz
- Libro de Estilo de Canal Sur (anexo 4, pg. 417, comarcas andaluzas). Listado comarcal definido por la Consejería de Turismo y Deporte de la Junta de Andalucía.
- (in Spanish) Bahía de Cádiz Natural Park
- (in Spanish) Del Estrecho Natural Park
- (in Spanish) Doñana Natural Park
- (in Spanish) La Breña y Marismas del Barbate Natural Park
- (in Spanish) Los Alcornocales Natural Park
- (in Spanish) Grazalema Natural Park
- Google Maps satellite view
- YasHan Gallery More photos of Cádiz.