Navantia is a Spanish state-owned shipbuilding company, which offers its services to both military and civil sectors. It is the fifth-largest shipbuilder in Europe and the ninth-largest in the world with shipyards around the globe. The company heir to the segregation of the military assets of the IZAR Group in 2005, Navantia designs, builds and supports all types of surface vessels, submarines and systems. In addition, it is expanding into new markets diversifying its product, such as renewable energy, the offshore industry and all kinds of services that it requires by the naval industry.

Navantia, S.A.
TypeState-owned enterprise
IndustryDefence, Shipbuilding, Engineering
PredecessorEmpresa Nacional Bazán
FoundedJanuary 1, 2005; 17 years ago (2005-01-01)
Area served
Key people
Ricardo Domínguez García-Baquero (President)[1]
ProductsWarships, Hospital ship, Yachts, Ferries, Cargo ships, Platform supply vessels, Dredger, Marine propulsion, Offshore engineering
RevenueIncrease €1.082 billion[2] (2018)
Decrease (€225) million[2] (2018)
OwnerSEPI (100%)
Number of employees
5,500 (2015)
SubsidiariesNavantia Australia
Navantia Systems
Sainsel Sistemas Navales SA


Navantia headquarter building
One of the 18th-century doors of the shipyards in Ferrol

The origins of Navantia go back to the origins of Spanish naval construction, from the 13th century with Alfonso X with the Real Atarazanas de Sevilla and the Real Carenero of San Fernando, which took great relevance during the discovery of America until due to the increase of the size of the ships and their greater draft, in 1730 they were replaced by the historical military Arsenal de Ferrol (A Coruña), Arsenal de Cartagena (Murcia) and La Carraca, (Cádiz), in what supposed a reform of the navy and the beginning of the development of the modern naval industry in Spain under the supervision of the Marques de la Ensenada and Jorge Juan in the times of Felipe V and Fernando VI, whose shipyards were destined to build and repair the ships of the Spanish Navy.

In 1908 these shipyards became part of the Spanish Naval Construction Society (La Naval) to which civil shipyards such as Matagorda in Puerto Real (Cádiz) or Sestao (Vizcaya) also belonged, later integrated into AESA. At the end of the Spanish Civil War, the State took over the military arsenals and in 1947 the Empresa Nacional Bazán was formed, which was born as a shipbuilding company that depended on foreign technology. Subsequently, Bazán began to develop his own ship projects.

IZAR was formed in 2000, as a result of the merger between Astilleros Españoles (AESA), a company that brought together the public civil shipyards and the Empresa Nacional Bazán. In December 2004, the Sociedad Estatal de Participaciones Industriales (SEPI), the largest shareholder and manager of the group, decided to separate the military branch of IZAR, creating in March 2005 the Navantia company, aimed at achieving greater business efficiency, later becoming it also transferred the civil branch.  Navantia, the Spanish shipbuilder, 100% owned by SEPI, the Spanish government industrial holding, is engaged in the design, construction and integration of warships, as well as ship repairs & modernizations.

In March 2016 Navantia was selected as the "preferred bidder" to build two logistics support ships for the Royal Australian Navy.[3] In April 2021, Navantia launches its first 100% Spanish design and build a submarine, the Issac Peral S-81 just 133 years after the launches of the first functional war submarine in history, the Peral submarine.[4]


Navantia has 4 main locations in Spain, the Navantia company headquarters are located in Madrid and the production centers are in the following areas:


Navantia's activities can be broken down into four main sectors: naval defense, historical core of the group's business (ships, submarines, management of the operational availability of forces), Systems (Research, development and Integration of all kinds of defense systems, surveillance and navigation systems), diversification (renewable marine energy, construction of naval bases and power plants, offshore) and services (Maintenance, repair and life cycle support).

Surface defenseEdit

  • Multi-mission frigates: F100, F110, F310, AWD HOBART, ALFA 3000 Y 4000.
  • Aircraft Carrier / Multi-Mission LHD: ATHLAS 26000
  • LPD: ATHLAS 13000
  • LCM: Arena 65
  • Ocean patrol and corvettes: Avante 300, 1400, 1800, 2200 Combatant, 3000, 2200 Patrol.
  • AOR: BAC Cantabria
  • AOE con capacidades anfibias: JOINT SUPPORT SHIP

Submarine defenseEdit


  • CATIZ: Navantia's global combat system solution for any surface ship mission.
  • DORNA: Navantia's line of fire control solutions, fulfills all the required missions and functionalities.
  • SCOMBA: Combat Management System, provides a core of capabilities that simplifies development and maintenance.
  • SIMTAC: Tactical simulator for students, crews and commanders of S80 submarines.
  • NAVCOMS: Military Naval Communications System for exchange of internal and external information of a ship.
  • NAVAL ARTILLERY: Production or participation in the manufacture of weapons systems installed on Navantia ships.
  • SICP: Integrated Platform Control Systems that allow knowing the complete status of the ship.
  • SVAP: Surveillance system, environmental protection and traffic control in waters close to critical infrastructures.
  • SERT: Family of multipurpose systems that provide the vehicle with adaptable ISR capabilities.
  • TIZONA: 30mm unmanned tower for the land army.
  • USV: Systems for unmanned vessels, configurable for different types of civil and military missions with built-in AI.


  • Repairs and modernizations, Specialized in the maintenance of cruise ships, through which the largest cruise ships in the world such as the Oasis class have passed.
  • Support to the product life cycle, known in English as Integratd Logistics Support ILS, the main objective is to maximize the operational life of ships and products.
  • Ship transformations.


  • Turbines: Navantia manufactures steam turbines and equipment for ships such as reduction gears, rudders, shaft lines, torpedo tubes, etc. for both the civil and military markets. The Navatia Turbine factory installed the first propulsion plant on a ship in 1912 and since then has worked independently or with collaboration agreements with world-class technologists such as General Electric, Mitsubishi Hitachi PS, Siemens, Schelde Gears, etc. Its product catalog includes:
    • Equipment such as reduction gears, shaft lines, rudders, gas turbine encapsulation, etc.
    • Steam turbines licensed by Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems in an approximate power range of 2 to 15 MW for cogeneration plants, biomass and other industrial applications
    • Components and / or steam turbines in any power range with different technologists
    • Support for the Life Cycle that includes repair and / or maintenance, technical assistance, optimization of equipment, spare parts, etc. Navantia has participated in the manufacture and commissioning of steam turbines for the main power generation plants in Spain, such as nuclear and thermal plants, cogeneration and biomass plants, as well as other industrial applications.[5]
  • Engines: Navantia mainly manufactures high and medium speed four-stroke diesel engines since 1947, present in all markets for all types of applications, naval and land. Its product catalog includes:
    • Propulsion equipment for naval application for all types of ships
    • Land propulsion equipment for military vehicles
    • Generating sets for naval application, for all types of ships
    • Generating groups for ground application, for all types of installations
    • After-sales service (technical assistance, maintenance, spare parts)
    • Training courses for clients in the operation and maintenance of equipment The Navantia Motor factory has the most modern facilities (induction furnaces, CNC machines, more than 5000 square meters of assembly, test benches of up to 10,000 kW…) and works with licenses and technology cooperation agreements with the main companies in the sector, such as MAN Diesel Turbo, MTU Friedrischafen and Caterpillar. For the Spanish Army, Navantia has carried out the remotorization of the M-60 and AMX-30 battle tanks. It has also supplied propulsion equipment for the Leopardo tank and the Pizarro cavalry vehicle.


Navantia is increasing supporting product diversification in the offshore sector, especially wind energy.

Major projectsEdit

Spanish Navy LHD Juan Carlos I on afloat completion stage
Navantia's F-103 AEGIS frigate from the Spanish Navy
The frigate HNoMS Fridtjof Nansen of the Royal Norwegian Navy in Oslo

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Martín, Alejandro (18 April 2021). "Ricardo Domínguez: Del campo al timón de Navantia". Diario de Cádiz.
  2. ^ a b, Revista Defensa (2019-09-07). "Navantia incrementa sus ingresos un 21%, con la vista en Turquía e India - Noticias Infodefensa España". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  3. ^ "Pre-election promise on shipbuilding sought by Labor, Xenophon, unions after Spain wins naval deal". ABC News. 11 March 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Bautizo del submarino Isaac Peral, el más potente del mundo". (in Spanish). 2021-04-22. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  5. ^ "Turbines | Propulsion and Generation". Navantia. Retrieved 2021-05-05.

External linksEdit