The CAF Urbos is a family of trams, streetcars, and light rail vehicles built by CAF. The Basque manufacturer CAF previously manufactured locomotives, passenger cars, regional, and underground trains. In 1993, CAF started building trams for Metrovalencia, with the delivery of 16 trams through 1999. This was a variant of a Siemens design and some components were delivered by Siemens, including bogies and traction motors. This design was also sold to Lisbon Trams in 1995; CAF then decided to design and build the Urbos in-house.
There are three generations of the CAF Urbos, known as the Urbos 1, Urbos 2, and Urbos 3. The first generation was ordered by the Bilbao tram operator, who received six trams between 2004 and 2006. The second generation was sold to other operators in Spain, and the third generation is sold in Spain, elsewhere in Europe, the United States, Australia and in the UK. Manufacturing locations include Beasain, Zaragoza and Linares, Spain; Elmira, New York, USA; Hortolandia, Brazil; Newport, UK; Huehuetoca, Mexico; and Bagnères-de-Bigorre, France.
CAF Urbos 1Edit
This series was only sold to Euskotren Tranbia to operate tram services in Bilbao. The original Bilbao tram system was shut down in 1964 and the second generation opened in December 2002 with extensions in 2004.
CAF Urbos 2Edit
CAF Urbos 3Edit
|CAF Urbos 3|
|Manufacturer||Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles|
|Assembly||Various locations worldwide|
|Predecessor||CAF Urbos 2|
|Capacity||129-327 seated and standing total, depending on tram length|
|Train length||18 m (59 ft 1 in)-56 m (183 ft 9 in)|
|Width||2,300, 2,400 or 2,650 mm (7 ft 7 in, 7 ft 10 in or 8 ft 8 in)|
|Floor height||356 mm (14 in)|
|Doors||8-20, depending on tram length|
|Maximum speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
|Weight||34,860 kg (76,850 lb)|
|Acceleration||1.34 m/s/s (3.0 mph/s)|
|Deceleration||1.34 m/s/s (3.0 mph/s)|
|Electric system(s)||750/600 V DC Overhead catenary|
Optional internal supercapacitor
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Minimum turning radius||18 m (59 ft)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
or 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+3⁄8 in) metre gauge
The CAF Urbos 3 is the successor of the Urbos 2; all new sales are of Urbos 3. The standard variants, the Urbos 100 and Urbos 70, have either a 100% or 70% low floor design, respectively, and a maximum speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph). The tram type is offered in meter gauge and standard gauge and allows for a tram width of 2,300, 2,400 or 2,650 mm (7 ft 7 in, 7 ft 10 in or 8 ft 8 in). Trams can be assembled from 3, 5, 7 or (only for the Urbos 100) 9 modules, with the length ranging between 23 and 56 metres (75 and 184 ft).
CAF has developed an option to build 'Greentech Freedrive' lithium-ion supercapacitors and batteries into the Urbos 3, allowing brief operation without an external electrical supply. This ACR system (Acumulador de Carga Rápida) allowed the tramway operator in Seville to remove the overhead wires in key locations during Holy Week 2011. It has also been used in Luxembourg, Granada, Zaragoza and the West Midlands.
Urbos 70 and Urbos 100Edit
|West Midlands, England||21||£40 million||20-49 more trams being constructed for 2 new lines.|
|Besançon, France||19||€34.4 million|||
|Nantes, France||8||€22 million||Option for 4 more trams for €10 million|
|Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany||12|||
|Budapest, Hungary||47+26||€90 million||Option for 51 more trams|
|Luxembourg, Luxembourg||21||€ 83.0 million||In service since 2017|
|Amsterdam, Netherlands||63||To be operational in 2019|
|Utrecht, Netherlands||27||To be operational in 2018|
|Utrecht, Netherlands||22||To be operational in 2020|
|Seville, Spain||4||MetroCentro line|
|Granada, Spain||13||€43.9 million||Option for 4 more trams|
|Oslo, Norway||87||Named as SL18. First two to be delivered by 2020. To be operational in 2024. Option for 60 more.|
|Coast Tram, Belgium||57||First to be delivered late 2019 with an option for five more if new section Koksijde - Veurne is ready|
|Liège, Belgium||€360 million |
|Lund, Sweden||7||To be operational 2020|
|Salvador Metro, Salvador, Brazil|
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States||5||$25 million|||
|Kansas City, Missouri, United States||5|| plus 1 on order|
|Seattle, Washington, United States||10||$50 million|||
|Sydney, NSW, Australia||12||A$20 million
|Initial order for 6 trams; subsequently increased to 12. 5-module 100. Operate on the Inner West Light Rail.|
|13||7-module 100 with battery wire free. To open 2023. Will operate on the Parramatta Light Rail.|
|Newcastle, NSW, Australia||6||5-module 100 capacitor wire free. Delivered 2018/19|
|Canberra, ACT, Australia||14||A$65 million||5-module 100. Delivered 2018, operational April 2019|
|Kaohsiung, Taiwan||9||ACR system built in; no need for catenary|
|Jerusalem, Israel||114||For Green Line. To be operational in 2024|
|Mauritius||18||€100 million||In service since December 2019|
Vehicles in the Urbos AXL series have larger modules and railway-style pivoting axle bogies. With a maximum speed of 90 kilometres per hour (56 mph), it is designed for high-capacity, mass rapid transit systems. This type of trams are currently in use only in two Northern European countries:
A three-section articulated car supported by three bogies, the LRV variant of Urbos is designed for the North American market and is customizable.
LRTA 13000 classEdit
The LRTA 13000 class is a high-floor light rail vehicle variant of the Urbos, with 120 units were ordered for the LRT Line 1 medium-capacity rail system in Metro Manila, Philippines. It was designed by CAF along with Mitsubishi Corporation and were built in CAF's facility in Huehuetoca, Mexico. The first two trainsets of 8 cars have arrived on January 2021. These are expected to enter service by the third quarter of 2021 and the delivery for all 120 units shall be completed by 2022. Once all the trainsets have entered service, they will eventually replace the aging LRTA 1000 class LRVs which are nearing 40 years old.
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