Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport

Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport (formerly named Chinggis Khaan International Airport from 2005 - 2020[2]) (Mongolian: Буянт-Ухаа олон улсын нисэх буудал), (IATA: ULN, ICAO: ZMUB) is an international airport serving Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, situated 18 km (11 mi) southwest of the capital.[3] The largest operating international air facility in the country, it is set to be replaced by a new airport that is to obtain Buyant-Ukhaa's previous name of Chinggis Khaan International Airport.

Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport

Буянт-Ухаа олон улсын нисэх буудал
ᠪᠤᠶᠠᠨᠲᠤ ᠬᠤᠸᠠ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠢᠰᠬᠦ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯ
ULNAirportLogo.jpg
Ulan Bator 01.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Mongolia
OperatorCivil Aviation Authority of Mongolia
LocationUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,300 m / 4,364 ft
Coordinates47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639Coordinates: 47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639
Websiteen.airport.gov.mn
Map
ULN is located in Mongolia
ULN
ULN
Location within Mongolia
ULN is located in Asia
ULN
ULN
ULN (Asia)
ULN is located in Earth
ULN
ULN
ULN (Earth)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 3,100 10,170 Asphalt
15/33 2,000 6,560 Grass
Statistics (2019 ULN)
Aircraft movements18,109
Passengers1,594,518
Tonnes of cargo5,406
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

HistoryEdit

DevelopmentEdit

The airport was first established as Buyant-Ukhaa Central Airport (Mongolian: Буянт-Ухаа нисэх онгоцны төв буудал, Buyant-Ukhaa Nisekh Ongtsny töv buudal) on 19 February 1957. In 1958, international flights began with flights to Irkutsk and Beijing using Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft. Regular flights from the airport started in 1961.

The terminal was upgraded to make it suitable for international traffic in 1986.

Following the Mongolian Revolution of 1990 and between 1994 and 1997 a further major upgrade of construction and air navigation was achieved with the assistance of the Asian Development Bank,[4] making the airport compliant with ICAO standards. The US$50 million construction project was carried out by the successful bidder: a German / English joint venture of Philipp Holzmann and Wimpey Asphalt.

The airport was renamed after Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) to celebrate the 800th anniversary of the establishment of a Mongolian State on 21 December 2005.

Replacement airportEdit

The airport is due for replacement in 2020[5] by the new New Ulaanbaatar International Airport.[6] The current airport is somewhat restricted, the single runway is used in one direction for arriving aircraft and in the opposite direction for departures.[7] The new airport, of which construction is finished, will significantly expand capacity, it is located at the Khoshigt Valley, 52 kilometres (32 mi) south of Ulaanbaatar city centre.

As the new airport is to be named Chinggis Khaan International Airport, Buyant-Ukhaa reverted to its former name on July 1, 2020.[2]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aero Mongolia Altai, Dalanzadgad, Hohhot, Irkutsk, Khovd, Mörön, Ölgii, Ovoot, Oyu Tolgoi, Tavan Tolgoi, Tianjin, Ulaangom
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Busan Busan
Air China Beijing–Capital, Hohhot[8]
Angara Airlines Irkutsk[9]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon[10]
Eznis Airways Hong Kong[11]
Hunnu Air Bayankhongor, Choibalsan, Dalanzadgad, Erenhot, Hailar, Khovd, Manzhouli, Mörön, Ölgii, Ulaangom, Ulan-Ude[12]
IrAero Seasonal: Ulan-Ude[13]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
MIAT Mongolian Airlines[14] Beijing–Capital, Berlin, Busan, Hong Kong, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Seasonal: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Frankfurt
SCAT Airlines Nur-Sultan
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin[15]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[16]

StatisticsEdit

Traffic figuresEdit

 
Two MIAT Mongolian Airlines Boeing 737-800s at Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport
 
Aerial view of Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport
 
Interior of domestic terminal
Annual traffic
Passengers Change Movements Cargo
(tons)
Change
2007 599,555  0+9.6% 9,297 3,299  0+11.2%
2008 596,765  0-0.5% 9,552 3,500  0+2.7%
2009 532,861  0-10.7% 8,330 2,970  0-12.8%
2010 665,055  0+24.8% 11,678 3,922  0+40.2%
2011 885,885  0+33.2% 14,940 5,452  0+27.9%
2012 1,098,865  0+24.0% 17,465 5,709  0+16.9%
2013 1,106,704  0+0.7% 16,468 5,825  0-5.7%
2014 1,019,102  0-7.9% 13,178 4,955  0-20.0%
2015 955,867  0-6.2% 10,985 4,710  0-4.9%
2016 1,023,045  0+7.0% 11,682 4,852  0+3.0%
2017 1,251,775  0+22.3% 13,594 5,022  0+15.0%
2018 1,422,498  0+13.6% 14,899 5,339  0+6.3%
2019 1,621,571  0+14.0% 18,109 5,406  0+1.3%
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Top destinationsEdit

Busiest domestic routes from Ulaanbaatar (2019)
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines
1 Oyu Tolgoi, Ömnögovi 275,466 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air, MIAT
2 Ölgii, Bayan-Ölgii 23,960 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
3 Khovd, Khovd 23,650 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
4 Mörön, Khövsgöl 16,863 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
5 Ulaangom, Uvs 15,177 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
6 Ovoot, Ömnögovi 14,873 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
7 Dalanzadgad, Ömnögovi 13,324 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
8 Altai, Govi-Altai 11,055 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
9 Choibalsan, Dornod 6,121 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
10 Uliastai, Zavkhan 3,409 Aeromongolia
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]
Busiest international routes from Ulaanbaatar (2019)
Rank Airport Scheduled Passengers Carriers
1   Seoul–Incheon, Korea 387,740 MIAT, Asiana, Korean Air
2   Beijing, China 214,567 MIAT, Air China
3   Moscow, Russia 94,890 MIAT, Aeroflot
4   Hong Kong 88,846 Eznis, MIAT
5   Tokyo, Japan 79,118 MIAT
6   Busan, South Korea 64,498 MIAT, Air Busan
7   Erenhot, China 50,608 Hunnu Air
8   Istanbul, Turkey 36,881 Turkish Airlines
9   Berlin, Germany 17,072 MIAT
10   Hohhot, China 15,913 Aeromongolia
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Other facilitiesEdit

The airline Aero Mongolia has its head office on the third floor of the main airport building.[17] The Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia has its head office on the airport property.[18] There is also one cargo hangar.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "СТАТИСТИК МЭДЭЭЛЭЛ". Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia.
  2. ^ a b ""Буянт-Ухаа" нэрээр олон улсын нисэх буудлын үйл ажиллагаа хэвийн үргэлжилж байна". News.mn. 1 July 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  3. ^ Purevsambuu, G.; Montsame News Agency (2006). Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Montsame News Agency. p. 67. ISBN 99929-0-627-8.p
  4. ^ Department, ADB Independent Evaluation (31 August 2002). "Ulaanbaatar Airport and National Air Navigation Development Projects (Loans 1256/1370-MON[SF])". ADB Independent Evaluation Department – via www.adb.org.
  5. ^ "Road Minister tasks to open new airport on time". Montsame. 23 January 2020.
  6. ^ Reuters Staff (4 January 2018). "Mongolia delays launch of $500-million airport until 2019" – via www.reuters.com.
  7. ^ AIP Mongolia. Version 05/17 (2017, June 22). ZMUB AD 2.22.
  8. ^ Liu, Jim. "Air China adds Hohhet – Ulan Baatar service from mid-Sep 2019". Routesonline.
  9. ^ Liu, Jim (12 March 2019). "Angara schedules Irkutsk – Ulan Baatar summer service from May 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Asiana Airlines adds Mongolia service from July 2019". Routesonline.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eznis Airways schedules Hong Kong launch in June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  12. ^ Liu, Jim (15 June 2017). "Hunnu Air adds new Russian routes in June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  13. ^ "Возобновление рейса - Улан-Удэ-Улан-Батор-Улан-Удэ!". CJSC "IrAero" Airlines. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  14. ^ miat.com - Route map retrieved 26 October 2020
  15. ^ Liu, Jim (5 August 2019). "Tianjin Airlines plans Tianjin – Ulan Baatar flights from Aug 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (28 October 2019). "Turkish Airlines Mongolia service adjustment from Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Ulanbator Archived 23 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine." Aero Mongolia. Retrieved on 21 September 2011. "Head office 3rd floor, Chinggis Khaan International Airport, Ulaanbaatar" – Address in Mongolian Archived 23 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine : "Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал, Улаанбаатар 34, ш/х-105"
  18. ^ "Address of Accident Investigation Authorities as of March 2010 Archived 3 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Air Accident Investigation Bureau. Retrieved on 11 May 2011. "Mongolia Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia Ministry of Road, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development of Mongolia Chinggis Khaan International Airport Ulaanbaatar 34 Mongolia"

External linksEdit

  Media related to Chinggis Khaan International Airport at Wikimedia Commons