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Buyan-class corvette

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The Buyan class, (Russian: Буян, lit. 'Buyan'), Russian designations Project 21630 Buyan and Project 21631 Buyan-M, are classes of small artillery and missile ships (corvettes in NATO classification) developed by Zelenodolsk Design Bureau for the Russian Navy. Since 2010, all subsequent vessels are being censtructed as the improved Project 21631 subclass, incorporating greater tonnage, stealth technology and the 3S-14 vertical launching system for either Kalibr or Oniks cruise missiles, significantly enhancing combat capabilities. The class is primarily designed for operations within littoral zones to protect Russia's vast coastal areas. Due to the small tonnage, they can operate even within shallow parts of oceans and seas and Russia's river system. The export variant is known as Project 21632 Tornado.

«Волгодонск».jpg
Град Свияжск.jpg
Buyan-class corvette (pr 21630)
Buyan-M-class corvette (pr 21631)
Class overview
Name: Buyan class
Builders:
Operators:  Russian Navy
Preceded by: Nanuchka class
Succeeded by: Karakurt class
Subclasses:
  • Project 21631 Buyan-M (domestic)
  • Project 21632 Tornado (export)
Built: 2004–present
In commission: 2006–present
Planned: 15
Building: 5
Completed: 10
Active: 10
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile corvette
Displacement:
  • Buyan:
  • 500 tons (standard)[1]
  • 520 (full)
  • Buyan-M:
  • 949 tons (full)[2]
Length:
  • Buyan: 62 m (203 ft)[1]
  • Buyan-M: 75 m (246 ft)[2]
Beam:
  • Buyan: 9.6 m (31 ft)[1]
  • Buyan-M: 11 m (36 ft)[2]
Height: Buyan & Buyan-M: 6.57 m (22 ft)
Draft:
  • Buyan: 2 m (7 ft)[1]
  • Buyan-M: 2.5 m (8 ft)[2]
Propulsion: Buyan & Buyan-M: 2 shaft CODAD, 4 x Zvezda M520, 14,584 shp (10,880 kW) and Kolomna Diesel, Pumpjet.
Speed:
  • Buyan: 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)[1]
  • Buyan-M: 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph)[2]
Range:
  • Buyan: 1,500 nmi (2,800 km; 1,700 mi)[1]
  • Buyan-M: 2,300 nmi (4,300 km; 2,600 mi) at 12 knots[2]
Endurance: Buyan & Buyan-M: 10 days[2]
Complement:
  • Buyan: 29-36[1]
  • Buyan-M: 52[2]
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Buyan:
  • 5P-26M Pozitiv-M phased array radar system (Pozitiv-ME1.2 for export)[3]
  • MR-231 navigation radar[3]
  • 5P-10-03 Laska fire control system (5P-10-03E for export)[3]
  • МР-123 fire control system
  • Anapa-M anti-saboteur sonar system (Anapa-ME for export)[3]
  • Buyan-M:
  • 5P-26M1 Pozitiv-M1 phased array radar system
  • MP-231-2 navigation radar
  • 5P-10-03 Laska fire control system
  • МР-123-02 fire control system
  • Anapa-M anti-saboteur sonar system
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • Buyan: 2 × 10 PK-10 decoy launchers[3]
  • Buyan-M: TK-25E radar jammers[4]
Armament:

DesignEdit

In August 2010, some informations about the newly modified Project 21631, dubbed as Buyan-M, were published. The Project 21631 ships are said to be an up-to-date variant of Project 21630 Buyan small artillery ship, armed with the nuclear-capable Kalibr cruise missiles (SS-N-27 Sizzler) with a claimed range of at least 1,500 km and electronic countermeasure equipment.[6][7] Ships of Project 21631 are designed to defend the national economic zones of Russia. The ships' small size and displacement enable them to operate within inland river systems, including traversing the Moscow Canal which allows them to deploy to various seas around European Russia. This is a particular advantage for the Buyan-M series, because while the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) prohibits long-range cruise missiles from operating on land they can operate from ships, so a river-based corvette can deploy missiles without being subject to restrictions.[8] The lead ship of this project, Grad Sviyazhsk, was laid down on 27 August 2010 and commissioned on 27 July 2014.

Operational historyEdit

On 7 October 2015, corvettes Grad Sviyazhsk, Uglich, Velikiy Ustyug and Gepard-class frigate Dagestan, deployed in the Caspian Sea, launched 26 Kalibr cruise missiles at 11 terrorist targets in Syria. The missiles flew nearly 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) over Iran and Iraq and struck targets in Raqqa and Aleppo provinces (controlled by the Islamic State) as well as in Idlib province (controlled by the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front).[9][10] According to US DoD officials, several of these cruise missiles fired from Russian ships crashed in Iran and didn't make it to their intended targets in Syria.[11] An Iranian dissident organizations's TV reported that an "unidentified flying object" crashed and exploded in a village near the Iranian city of Takab.[12]

On 20 November 2015, the same warships launched 18 Kalibr cruise missiles from the Caspian Sea at seven terrorist targets in Rakka, Idlib and Aleppo provinces.[13]

On 13 February 2016, corvette Zelenyy Dol was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea.[14]

On 19 August 2016, corvettes Zelenyy Dol and Serpukhov, deployed in the Mediterranean Sea, launched Kalibr cruise missiles at positions of Al-Nusra terrorist group in Syria. As a result of the strikes, number of terrorist facilities were destroyed, including command post and base near the village of Dar Ta Izzah and weapon production plants and warhouses in Aleppo province.[15]

On 25 October 2016, Zelenyy Dol and Serpukhov were deployed to the Baltic Sea to join a newly formed division in Kaliningrad.[6]

ExportEdit

On 4 November 2014, during the Euronaval-2014 exhibition, it was announced Kazakhstan has sent a request for the construction of three Project 21632 Tornado small artillery/missile ships. The ships were believed to be laid down in 2015.[16]

ShipsEdit

Italics indicate estimates

Name Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Project 21630
Astrakhan Almaz Shipyard, St. Petersburg 30 January 2004 7 October 2005 1 September 2006 Caspian Active
Volgodonsk Almaz Shipyard, St. Petersburg 25 February 2005 6 May 2011[17] 28 December 2011[18] Caspian[19] Active
Makhachkala Almaz Shipyard, St. Petersburg 24 March 2006 27 April 2012 [20] 4 December 2012[21] Caspian Active
Project 21631
Grad Sviyazhsk Zelenodolsk Shipyard 27 August 2010 9 March 2013[22][23] 27 July 2014[24] Caspian Active
Uglich Zelenodolsk Shipyard 22 July 2011[25] 10 April 2013 27 July 2014 Caspian Active
Velikiy Ustyug Zelenodolsk Shipyard 27 August 2011[26] 21 May 2014[27] 19 December 2014[28][29][30] Caspian Active
Zelenyy Dol Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 August 2012[31][32] 2 April 2015 12 December 2015[33] Baltic[34] Active
Serpukhov[35] Zelenodolsk Shipyard 25 January 2013[36] 3 April 2015 12 December 2015[37] Baltic[34] Active
Vyshniy Volochyok Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 August 2013[38] 22 August 2016[39] 1 June 2018[40] Black Sea Active
Orekhovo-Zuyevo Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 May 2014 19 June 2018[41] 10 December 2018[42] Black Sea Active
Ingushetiya Zelenodolsk Shipyard 29 August 2014[43] 11 June 2019[44] 2019 Launched
Grayvoron Zelenodolsk Shipyard 10 April 2015[45] 2020 Under construction
Grad Zelenodolsk Shipyard 24 April 2017[46] 2021 Under construction
Naro-Fominsk Zelenodolsk Shipyard 23 February 2018[47] 2022 Under construction
Stavropol Zelenodolsk Shipyard 12 July 2018[48] 2023 Under construction

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Buyan-class Corvette Volgodonsk". rusnavy.com. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Keel-laying of sixth project 21631 ship". zdship.ru. 29 August 2013. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Archived copy" Малый артиллерийский корабль пр. 21632 «ТОРНАДО» вариант 1. zdship.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "TK-25E". roe.ru. Archived from the original on 1 March 2019. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  5. ^ "Russia to equip Buyan-M corvettes with Komar SAM turret". 5 July 2015. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Russia beefs up Baltic Fleet amid NATO tensions: reports". reuters.com. 26 October 2016. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Zelenodolsky Shipyard to lay down a Project 21631 small-size missile ship". rusnavy.com. 26 August 2010. Archived from the original on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Packing a Punch: Buyan-M Corvettes Built for Russian Navy". strategic-culture.org. 26 September 2016. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  9. ^ "4 Russian warships launch 26 missiles against ISIS from Caspian Sea". rt.com. 7 October 2015. Archived from the original on 7 October 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Стрельбы кораблей Каспийской флотилии по объектам ИГИЛ". bmpd.livejournal.com. 7 October 2015. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Pentagon: Some Russian cruise missiles crashed in Iran". washingtonpost.com. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  12. ^ "US official: 4 Russian cruise missiles fired from Caspian Sea landed inside Iran soil". english.mojahedin.org. 9 October 2015. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Новый удар "Калибрами" с Каспия". bmpd.livejournal.com. 21 November 2015. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Zeleny Dol Corvette Enters Mediterranean to Join Russia's Task Force". Sputnik (news agency). 13 February 2016. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Удар крылатыми ракетами с малых ракетных кораблей "Зеленый Дол" и "Серпухов"". bmpd.livejournal.com. 20 August 2016. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Казахстан хочет три малых ракетных корабля "Торнадо"". bmpd.livejournal.com. 8 November 2014. Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" Торжественный спуск "Волгодонска". Docklife.ucoz.ru (in Russian). 6 May 2011. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Archived copy" Малый артиллерийский корабль "Волгодонск" принят в состав ВМФ России. flot.com (in Russian). 28 December 2011. Archived from the original on 25 March 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Caspian Flotilla To Receive Two Ships In 2011". rusnavy.com. 10 November 2011. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Archived copy" Церемония спуска МАК "Махачкала" состоится на СФ "Алмаз" 27 апреля. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 April 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Caspian Flotilla received new Stealth corvette". rusnavy.com. 12 February 2013. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Archived copy" Пятый "Буян-М" получил наименование "Серпухов". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 17 December 2012. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Archived copy" Спущен на воду малый ракетный корабль «Град Свияжск». Сделано у нас (in Russian). Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "Archived copy" На кораблях "Град Свияжск" и "Углич" подняли Военно-Морские флаги. zdship.ru (in Russian). 27 July 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Archived copy" В Зеленодольске заложат новый ракетный корабль для ВМФ России. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 20 July 2011. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "Archived copy" На Зеленодольском заводе имени А.М. Горького состоится закладка третьего МРК типа "Буян". flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 August 2011. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Archived copy" "Великий Устюг" спущен на воду. topwar.ru (in Russian). 23 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ Малый ракетный корабль "Великий Устюг" передан ВМФ. bmpd (in Russian). 18 November 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Archived copy" Шесть малых ракетных кораблей пополнят ВМФ России - Еженедельник "Военно-промышленный курьер". vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 19 November 2014. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "Archived copy" На «Великом Устюге» поднят Андреевский флаг. vpk-news.ru (in Russian). 19 December 2014. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "Archived copy" На Зеленодольском заводе им. А.М. Горького состоится закладка четвертого МРК проекта 21631. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ Mevedev, Sergei (3 March 2015). "Russian Black Sea Fleet to get 3 surface ships, two submarines in 2015 — Captain". TASS. Itar-Tass. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-10. Retrieved 2015-12-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ a b ""Зелёный Дол" и "Серпухов" пришли на Мальту, а "Ярослав Мудрый" ушёл из Сеуты". Сделано у нас. Archived from the original on 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
  35. ^ "Fifth Buyan-Class Corvette Gets Name of Serpukhov". rusnavy.com. 18 December 2012. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  36. ^ "Archived copy" Малый ракетный корабль проекта 21631 заложат 25 января в Зеленодольске. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  37. ^ Sputnik. "Russian Warships Equipped With Kalibr Missiles Join Black Sea Fleet". sputniknews.com. Archived from the original on 2015-12-15. Retrieved 2015-12-13.
  38. ^ "Work Begins on 6th Missile Boat for Caspian Flotilla". sputniknews. 29 August 2013. Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
  39. ^ "В Татарстане спущен на воду МРК 'Вышний Волочек'". 22 August 2016. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  40. ^ "Новейший малый ракетный корабль "Вышний Волочёк" принят в состав Черноморского флота" (Press release) (in Russian). Ministry of Defence of Russia. 1 June 2018. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  41. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-07-22. Retrieved 2018-07-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ "Latest cruise missile corvette accepted for service in Russian Navy". tass.com. 10 December 2018. Archived from the original on 10 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  43. ^ "Archived copy" Зеленодольский завод заложит восьмой малый ракетный корабль. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 26 August 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ "Торжественная церемония спуска на воду малого ракетного корабля проекта 21631 "Ингушетия"". Zelenodolsk Shipyard (Press release) (in Russian). 11 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  45. ^ "Archived copy" На Зеленодольском заводе заложили очередной ракетный корабль. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 10 April 2015. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  46. ^ "Рогозин: "Зеленодольский завод помог Крыму восстановить свою промышленность"". www.tatar-inform.ru. Archived from the original on 2017-04-24. Retrieved 2017-04-24.
  47. ^ "11th Project 21631 Corvette Naro-Fominsk Laid for Russian Navy". navyrecognition.com. 25 February 2018. Archived from the original on 26 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
  48. ^ "Закладка двенадцатого малого ракетного корабля проекта 21631 "Ставрополь"". Zelenodolsk Shipyard (Press release) (in Russian). 12 July 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2019.

External linksEdit