Buhi, Camarines Sur

Buhi, officially the Municipality of Buhi (Rinconada Bikol: Banwāan ka Buhi; Tagalog: Bayan ng Buhi), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 77,143 people. [3]

Municipality of Buhi
View of Buhi from Mt. Asog.jpg
Official seal of Buhi
Map of Camarines Sur with Buhi highlighted
Map of Camarines Sur with Buhi highlighted
Buhi is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°26′N 123°31′E / 13.43°N 123.52°E / 13.43; 123.52Coordinates: 13°26′N 123°31′E / 13.43°N 123.52°E / 13.43; 123.52
Country Philippines
RegionBicol Region
ProvinceCamarines Sur
District5th District
FoundedApril 14, 1578
Barangays38 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMargarita M. Aguinillo
 • Vice MayorJose Alfred N. Balagot
 • RepresentativeJocelyn F. Fortuno
 • Electorate48,131 voters (2019)
 • Total246.65 km2 (95.23 sq mi)
129 m (423 ft)
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total77,143
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence39.84% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱161,534,925.72 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCamarines Sur 3 Electric Cooperative (CASURECO 3)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)54
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesBuhi Bikol
Central Bikol
Mount Iraya Agta
Mount Iriga Agta

Buhi is not just known for Lake Buhi but it is likewise the home to the world's smallest commercial fish locally known as the sinarapan (Mystychtis luzonensis).


Lake Buhi

Buhi is located in the south-eastern part of the province of Camarines Sur. It is bound on the east by Mount Malinao, on the west by Mount Asog and Iriga City, on the north by Sagñay-Buhi mountain ranges and on the south by the low-lying ranges of Polangui, Albay, with the following coordinates: 13 degrees 25’ 32.4" north latitude and 123 degrees 30’ 49.1" east longitude. It is 75 kilometres (47 mi) north-east of Legaspi City and 53 kilometres (33 mi) and south of Naga City.

The municipality has been divided into five sectors, namely:

  • The Poblacion
  • The Lake/Mt. Asog sector
  • the Road/cross road sector
  • The Mountain sector
  • The Malangkaw Sector


Buhi has generally mountainous and hilly surface, with 50% of its area having a slope of around 25%. The Poblacion located on the south shore of Lake Buhi, has gently rolling topography.

Mt. Malinao and Mt. Asog dominate the town's surface terrain whose highest elevations are 1,548 metres (5,079 ft) and 1,196 metres (3,924 ft) above main sea level respectively.

Itbog Falls located in Barangay Santa Cruz, on the south-eastern side of Lake Buhi, is a 60 feet (18 m) twin waterfalls. It could be reached by means of a motorized boat ride from the town proper, then a 30-minute trek.


Buhi has a warm, humid climate. During the warmest months from March to June, temperatures reach 29.2 °C (84.6 °F). The weather cools off during the rainy season which last from August to February with an average temperature of 24.7 °C (76.5 °F).

Climate data for Buhi Cam Sur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
Average low °C (°F) 26
Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.54
Average rainy days 22 26 18 19 24 30 31 29 29 29 27 30 314
Source: World Weather Online[5]

Land useEdit

Rice field at the foot of Mount Asog

A total area of 24,665 hectares (60,950 acres) is occupied by the municipality, about 13,000 hectares of which are part of the watershed in Rinconada. 18,378 hectares (45,410 acres) of its land area are within the watershed declared as protected area by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 573 and Executive Order no. 224. All other areas are cultivated for agriculture, quarry and human settlement. Higher slopes east and north of Lake Buhi are predominantly forests and secondary brushland. Total area utilized as built-up areas is 448 hectares (1,110 acres).

Farmlands make up about 7,500 hectares (19,000 acres) of which about 2,375 hectares (5,870 acres) have access to irrigation, while 600 hectares (1,500 acres) are non-irrigated. About 2,811 hectares (6,950 acres) are open water spaces of Lake Buhi, and other lakes and streams.


Buhi is politically subdivided into 38 barangays.

  • Burocbusoc
  • Tambo
  • Ibayugan
  • Iraya
  • Ipil
  • Santa Cruz
  • Igbac
  • Monte Calvario
  • Divino Rostro
  • Amlongan (del Rosario)
  • Labawon
  • Macaangay
  • Cagmaslog
  • San Vicente
  • San Antonio
  • Santa Lourdes
  • Santa Isabel
  • Delos Angeles
  • Santa Justina
  • San Ramon
  • Dela Fe
  • Cabatuan
  • Salvacion
  • Sagrada-Pito
  • Lourdes-Hinulid-tubog
  • San Jose Salay
  • San Isidro
  • San Francisco Parada
  • Gabas
  • Antipolo
  • San Rafael
  • Santa Clara
  • San Pedro
  • San Pascual
  • San Buena
  • Santa Elena
  • San Roque
  • Namurabod
  • San Jose Baybayon


The town known today as Buhi began as a small settlement by refugees fleeing the outrage of Mayon Volcano hundreds of years ago. These people founded a permanent settlement in an area close to the lake and flourished as time passed.

The general exodus of people fleeing and being able to escape grave calamities such as Mayon's eruption was known in local vernacular as "naka-buhi". Local lore takes this as the most probable explanation as to how the town acquired its present name – Buhi. One version of local legend attributes the town being accorded the name to the time when the first Spaniards came and asked local settlers the name of the area. The local settlers misunderstood the question as how they came to be there and so gave the response "Naka-Buhi".

There were two patron saints with whom the town directed their devotion. The first was St. Francis of Assisi placed in the church made of wooden materials. Unfortunately, in 1730 the church was razed down by fire. It was, however, replaced by a stone structure built under the supervision of Rev. Fray Jose de Cerda. Another saint was installed, St. Anthony of Padua.[citation needed]


Population census of Buhi
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,692—    
1918 14,103+2.53%
1939 22,391+2.23%
1948 25,057+1.26%
1960 37,786+3.48%
1970 41,259+0.88%
1975 44,226+1.40%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 48,625+1.91%
1990 57,496+1.69%
1995 61,887+1.39%
2000 67,762+1.96%
2007 70,756+0.60%
2010 73,809+1.55%
2015 77,143+0.84%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Buhi, Camarines Sur, was 77,143 people, [3] with a density of 310 inhabitants per square kilometre or 800 inhabitants per square mile.

The total population was 70,756 in 2007, with a growth rate of about 2.1%. The total number of households was 13,238 and with an average household size of 5 persons. At the 2010 census, the population has increased to 73,809 persons. The local language is Buhinon, a dialect of Bikolano.

Literacy rate of Buhi is about 99%. The labor force is about 24,000 people strong, or 63% of economically productive people age 15 to 64 years old.

8 out of 10 persons are Roman Catholics; Iglesia ni Cristo makes up about 2% of the total population which is the largest minority religion in the municipality.


A signage in the local language (Do not throw scaled fishes and their organs in the lake.)

Buhinon is the mother tongue of the majority of the population especially those residing around the lake area with Rinconada Bikol as its first language especially the folks residing on the eastern part of the municipality near Iriga City. Buhinon is classified as a lone language, and the only one used in the province of Camarines Sur. Buhinon, the Albay Bikol languages, and Rinconada Bikol are members of Inland Bikol group of languages and share common vocabulary.


  • Two thirds of the population depends on agriculture
  • More than one-fifth of the total land area is devoted to agriculture primary crops are rice, corn, coconut, and abaca
  • Rice grows in the vast field of Road sector while corn and abaca are being grown at Mountain sector



Buhi Terminal
  • Three major road networks that link the town to the adjacent province of Albay, Partido District and Iriga City. Most of its roads are gravel, especially those in the lake, road and mountain sectors.
  • Presence of tricycles and jeepneys
  • Presence of non-aircon and aircon buses
  • Presence of motorized boats and bancas
  • Presence of motorcycles called door-to-door


Water supply:

  • Rural Waterworks Multi-Purpose
  • Cooperative provides the potable drinking water to at least 1,683 households in 7 suburban areas
  • Pongol Hot Spring
  • Balerite Resort
  • Lologon Resort
  • Burabod ririgusan- tubog Lourdes Buhi Camarines sur
  • Magindara

Power and electricity:

  • CASURECO III delivers electricity to 63% of households and business establishments and 97% of barangays
  • Host to a 1.2 MW mini hydro-electric power plant of the National Power Corporation


Presence of 1 public hospital; 3 private medical clinics; 38 health stations/centers; 3 pharmacies

Public Hospital:

  • Buhi Community Hospital (temporarily closed by DOH)

Private Clinics:

  • Claveria Clinic
  • Portugal Clinic
  • Sabio-Valenciano Clinic


CSPC Buhi campus
Buhi Lyceum
St. Bridget School
  • No. of pre-schools: 33 public and 4 private schools
  • No. of elementary schools: 33 public and 4 private schools
  • No. of high schools: 3 private and 6 public schools
  • No. of colleges: 1 state college
  • No. of universities: 1 state university

State Colleges:

  • Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges

Public high schools:

  • Santa Justina National High School
  • Tambo Barangay National High School
  • San Vicente Barangay National High School
  • Lourdes High School(New Open Public High school)
  • Iraya High School (New Open Public High School)
  • Salvacion High School (New Open Public High School)
  • Santa Isabel High School(Soon to Operate)
  • John Mark Memorial High School

Private high schools:

  • Buhi St. Joseph's Academy Inc. (formerly St. Joseph's Academy)
  • Buhi Lyceum
  • St. Bridget School

Private elementary schools:

  • Buhi Institute Foundation
  • Holy Child Educational Center (Buhi Branch)
  • Buhi Lyceum
  • Elen O. Villanueva School


Social Media:

  • Buhi Online: www.buhi.com[9]
  • Buhi Forum : @buhiforum
  • Banwaang Mauyay : @BanwaangMauyay

FM Station

  • 88.5 DWLF-FM Barita 88.5 (relay of Barita 97/7 FM Goa - Rural Airwaves Media Service (RAMS)- Inactive
  • 97.7 DWEA FM – Buhi (Radyo Buhi, Numero Uno) Celebrates its 7th anniversary (September 11, 2010)
  • 100.1 Radyo Natin-Buhi (Sa Buhi Ika Sana)
  • 102.9 DWLR – Lauyay Radio (closed)



  1. ^ Municipality of Buhi | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Camarines Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Camarines Sur: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  6. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ http://www.buhi.com

External linksEdit