Brockton Point is a point and attached peninsula in Vancouver on the north side of Coal Harbour. Named after Francis Brockton, it is the most easterly part of Stanley Park and is home to a 100-year-old lighthouse and several hand-carved totem poles made in British Columbia.
Brockton Point lighthouse overlooking Coal Harbour
|Year first constructed||1890 (first)|
|Year first lit||1915 (current)|
|Tower shape||quadrangular tower with balcony and lantern atop an arched basement|
|Markings / pattern||white tower with a red horizontal band, red lantern|
|Tower height||10.5 metres (34 ft)|
|Admiralty number||ex- G5447|
|CHS number||ex-CCG 0402|
|Managing agent||Vancouver Board of Parks and Recreation (Stanley Park) |
Part of the land at the point was first cleared in 1865 in order to construct a sawmill. Due to rough currents around the point and a reef offshore, the Burnaby Shoal, however, the mill was built in Gastown and the point instead became the primary sports fields of early Vancouver. The main sporting venue, Brockton Oval, has been visited by cricket players such as Donald Bradman, Fred Trueman and Geoffrey Boycott. Cricket and rugby are still played here.
Before 1865, the point was utilized as a graveyard for early settlers who came to Vancouver. That year, Edward Stamp—a British businessman in the timber industry—cleared away part of the site in order to build a sawmill. However, he was forced to abandon his plans after realizing the strong currents from the harbour impeded the construction of log booms. He ended up moving the mill to Gastown, becoming Hastings Mill.
The land cleared by Stamp was converted into sports fields by 1891. One of these, Brockton Oval, became a key amateur sports venue and was mostly used for cricket. Donald Bradman and Fred Trueman both played at the Oval, and after Bradman's visit in 1932, he called the venue the most beautiful cricket ground in the world. Geoffrey Boycott also played at the grounds in September 1964 and echoed Bradman's sentiments and praise of the Oval.
One of the province's most popular attractions is a group of ten totem poles at Brockton Point. Four totem poles were originally brought from Alert Bay and placed at Lumbermen's Arch in 1924. Some had been carved back in the late 1880s. More totem poles were purchased in the 1920s and 1930s, this time originating from the Haida Gwaii and Rivers Inlet. All of the totem poles were moved to Brockton Point in 1962 to allow the construction of an overhead road at Lumberman's Arch. Many of them have been replaced with replicas, with the originals now kept in museums for preservation. The most recent addition, erected in 2009, was carved by a member of the Squamish Nation whose mother was born in Stanley Park.
A number of ship collisions in the waters around the point led to the construction of a lighthouse and signaling station at Brockton Point. For a time, Brockton Point had a lighthouse keeper, who served for 25 years starting in 1855 and is credited for having saved 16 people from drowning. The present day lighthouse tower with an automatic light was built in 1914. It was designed by British Landscape Architect Thomas Hayton Mawson, who also constructed the lifeboat house located below the point and other Stanley Park landmarks.
- Brockton Point The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 6 July 2016
- Jepson, Tim (2004). The Rough Guide to Vancouver. Rough Guides. pp. 252–255. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- BC Names/GeoBC entry "Burnaby Shoal"
- "Mapping Lord Stanley's Park". The Vancouver Sun. 24 August 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- Ficken, Robert E. (January 1, 1987). The Forested Land: A History of Lumbering in Western Washington. University of Washington Press. p. 38. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- Mackie, John (August 17, 2013). "Stanley Park, the natural wonder of Vancouver, was shaped by humans". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Brockton Point". Lonely Planet. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- Varghese, Mathew (September 15, 2007). "When the Don met the Babe". ESPN. ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Biography". Geoff Boycott.com. Geoffrey Boycott – The Official Website. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- "Stanley Park Attractions: Sightseeing Spots". Tourism Vancouver. The Greater Vancouver Visitors and Convention Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- Hannafin, Matt (August 13, 2009). Frommer's Vancouver & Whistler Day by Day, U.S.O.C. Edition: 17 Smart Ways to See the Region. John Wiley & Sons. p. 86. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
- "Stanley Park Commemorative Integrity Statement" (PDF). Parks Canada. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- Spring, Vicky; Kirkendall, Tom (2005). Bicycling the Pacific Coast: A Complete Route Guide, Canada to Mexico. The Mountaineers Books. p. 32. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- Davis, Chuck (January 1, 1997). The Greater Vancouver Book: an Urban Encyclopaedia. Linkman Press. p. 204. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brockton Point Lighthouse.|