Bostancı railway station

Bostancı railway station (Turkish: Bostancı istasyonu) is a railway station in Kadıköy, Istanbul and is the easternmost station in the district. Located along Bağdat Avenue in the Bostancı neighborhood of Kadıköy, it was a station on the Haydarpaşa suburban between 1951 and 2013, when the railway between Haydarpaşa and Pendik was closed. Starting in late 2018, the station will reopen to Marmaray commuter rail service. Prior to 2012, the station was also serviced by many intercity trains to Ankara and Anatolia as well as frequent regional train service to Adapazarı. Intercity train service is expected to return once the station reopens. Bostancı station is 8.64 km (5.37 mi) away from Haydarpaşa Terminal.

BOSTANCI
Bostanci station.jpg
The Marmaray platform on the right and the intercity platform on the left.
LocationBağdat Cd., Bostancı Mah., 34744
Kadıköy, Istanbul
Turkey
Coordinates40°57′14″N 29°05′43″E / 40.95389°N 29.09522°E / 40.95389; 29.09522Coordinates: 40°57′14″N 29°05′43″E / 40.95389°N 29.09522°E / 40.95389; 29.09522
Owned byTurkish State Railways
Operated byTCDD Taşımacılık
Line(s)
Platforms2 (1 island platform, 1 side platform)
Tracks3
ConnectionsBSicon BOOT.svg Şehir Hatları at Bostancı Pier
BSicon BOOT.svg İDO at Bostancı Terminal
Local Transit IETT Bus: 2, 4, 10B, 16, 16D, 17, 17L, 17S, 19SB, 202, 222
Local Transit Istanbul Minibus: Bostancı-S.Çeşme Metrobüs, Kadıköy-Bostancı, Bostancı-Kartal, Bostancı-Pendik
Other information
Station code1522
History
Opened22 September 1872
Closed2013-18
Rebuilt1910 (Station building)
2016-18 (Platforms)
Electrified1969
25 kV AC, 50 Hz Overhead wire
Services
Preceding station   TCDD Taşımacılık   Following station
Yüksek Hızlı Tren
toward Ankara
toward Konya
Ankara Express
toward Ankara
toward Halkalı
Marmaray
toward Gebze
Former services
Preceding station   Turkish State Railways   Following station
toward Istanbul
Capital Express
toward Ankara
Republic Express
Fatih Express
Boğaziçi Express
Anatolian Express
Ankara Express
Eskişehir Express
toward Eskişehir
Sakarya Express
toward Istanbul
Adapazarı Express
toward Adapazarı
toward Haydarpaşa
Haydarpaşa suburban
toward Gebze
Track layout
West to Haydarpaşa
East to Gebze

HistoryEdit

 
Bostancı station in 2005.

Bostancı station was originally built by the Ottoman government, as part of a railway from Kadıköy to İzmit, and was opened on 22 September 1872.[1][2] The station, along with the railway, was sold to the Ottoman Anatolian Railway (CFOA) which operated the railway until 1924. In 1909, the CFOA began frequent train service from Haydarpaşa and Pendik, stopping at Bostancı station, which was expanded and rebuilt in 1910.[3] Frequent service to Bostancı promoted development in the area. Many houses with large gardens were built around the station for Constantinople's wealthy residents, who used the train service to commute into the city. Between 1912 and 1913, a ferry pier was built, just 90 m (300 ft) south of the station.[3]

In 1924, the CFOA went through a process of nationalization by the newly formed Republic of Turkey. In that year, the CFOA was bought by the Turkish government and merged with the Baghdad Railway into the Anatolian—Baghdad Railways (CFAB).[2] In 1927, the CFAB was bought by the State Railways and Seaports Administration, the direct successor of the Turkish State Railways.

The State Railways double-tracked the railway from Haydarpaşa to Gebze in 1949 and in 1951 began commuter rail service on the line. The station was electrified in 1969 with overhead wire, when TCDD began operating electric commuter rail service. In the 1980s, the waterfront of Bostancı was extended approximately 90 m (300 ft) outward, via land reclamation, extending the distance between the station and the ferry pier. On 31 March 2004, the station was given heritage status protecting the station building in anticipation of the Marmaray project.[3] Intercity train service was discontinued west of Arifiye in 2012, followed by all train service in 2013 for the construction of the Marmaray commuter rail system. The rails were torn up shortly after but construction halted due to problems with the contractor. Construction restarted in 2016 with the demolition of the station platforms. Bostancı station is expected to reopen on 10 March 2019, along with the entire Marmaray rail line.

LayoutEdit

The pre-Marmaray Bostancı station consisted of 1 island platform and 1 side platform serving three tracks. Since the railway was only double-tracked, the third track (south side) was used as a passing loop to allow intercity or regional trains to pass local commuter trains. The third track would diverge from the main tracks before the station and connect back after the station. On the west side, the third track crossed the eastbound and connected to the westbound track and on the east side, the third track connected to only the eastbound track. The middle platform could be accessed via an underpass from Bağdat Avenue to Bahçelerarası Street, on the other side. The station building is located on the north side of the station and will not be altered or demolished, due to its heritage status.

ConnectionsEdit

Connections to IETT city bus service and Istanbul Minibus service as well İDO and Şehir Hatları ferry service is available. Bus service can be accessed via two stops, one on Bağdat Avenue and one on Çetin Emeç Boulevard, on the waterfront.[4][5] Ferry service can be accessed from two landings; Municipal Şehir Hatları ferries stop at the historic Bostancı Pier, while İDO sea-bus ferries stop at the adjacent Bostancı Ferry Terminal.

A 14.2 km (8.8 mi) long metro line to Dudullu is under construction and connection to its southern terminus will be available from Bostancı station. The line is expected to open in 2019.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Koday, Saliha (2000). "Haydarpaşa-Gebze Arasındaki Demiryolu Banliyö Ulaşımı". Türk Coğrafya Dergisi (in Turkish). No. 35. Istanbul. p. 267. Archived from the original on 2017-11-18. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b "CFOA History". trainsofturkey.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Özaydın, Gülşen (5 August 2014). "İstasyon Binalarının Kentteki Anlamı Üzerine Düşünceler". arkitera.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Bostancı İskele - Duraktan Geçen Hatlar". iett.istanbul (in Turkish). Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Bostancı - Duraktan Geçen Hatlar". iett.istanbul (in Turkish). Retrieved 13 December 2017.