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İDO Istanbul Fast Ferries Co. Inc. (Turkish: İstanbul Deniz Otobüsleri, meaning Istanbul Sea Buses) was founded in 1987 by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Originally established with a fleet of 10 seabuses built by the Kvaerner Fjellstrand shipyard of Norway, the İDO today has a fleet of 25 seabuses (with capacities ranging from 350 to 450 passengers) designed by Kvaerner Fjellstrand, Austal and the Damen Group; 10 high-speed car ferries (1200 passengers and 225 vehicles) designed by Austal and the Damen Group; 18 car ferries; 32 commuter ferries; and 1 large passenger ship. At present, the İDO is the world's largest commuter ferry operator with its 87-passenger ships and 86 piers. The company owns a total of 103 ships including its service vessels.
|Murat Orhan, General Manager|
The İDO uses several systems to manage trip fare. Since the conventional boats are scheduled on intracity lines and are roughly connected with other rapid transport systems such as the Istanbul Metro and İETT Buses, passengers simply pass through pay gates. There is no pre-reservation or assigned seating and admission is fairly cheap. The pay system is integrated with the AKBİL passenger cards (smart tickets) which are also valid for all other means of public transport in Istanbul that are operated by the Metropolitan Municipality.
Seabuses are more expensive and they are not as frequently used as the conventional commuter ferries. Passengers pay the fare at the pay gates and AKBİLs are valid. The procedure is the same for the intercity seabus lines. There are no assigned seats for the passengers.
Fast car ferries and conventional vehicle carriers also carry passengers with no assigned seat numbers; however, in the high-speed car ferries, there are separate sections for the Economy Class (downstairs) and First Class (upstairs) tickets. Conventional carriers do not require pre-reservation. Passengers are suggested to reserve their seat and car slot beforehand, although there is no assigned seating in the double-ended fast ferries.
In an effort to improve customer satisfaction and the overall management of the fare system, İDO plans to switch to a dynamic pricing system similar to those of airline companies. Dynamic pricing implies that ticket prices will vary as the trip time approaches.
İDO tickets can be bought from online ticket/travel agencies such as Bilet.com. In this case customers could be charged a small service fee in accordance with the conditions of ticket sale accord. Dynamic pricing system of İDO is also available to a small number of select online ticket agencies.
|Type||Class||Firm||Number in fleet||Passenger Capacity||Vehicle Capacity||Year Built||Maximum Speed (in miles)||Description|
|Double Ended Fast Ferry||Bureau Veritas||DAMEN||2||600||112||2008||22||Used in Yenikapı-Yalova line; names Kanuni Sultan Süleyman/Yavuz Sultan Selim|
|Katamaran Fast Ferry||Germanischer Lloyd||AUSTAL||2||1200||225||2007||37.4||Used in Yenikapı-Bursa line; names are Osman Gazi-1/Orhan Gazi-1|
|Katamaran Fast Ferry||Germanischer Lloyd||AUSTAL||2||800||200||1998||37||Used in Yenikapı-Bursa, Yenikapı-Yalova, Yenikapı-Bandırma line; names are Adnan Menderes|
|Double-Ended Fast Ferry||DNV||Kvaerner Fjellstrand||2||588||112||2007||22||Used in Pendik-Yalova line; names are Recep Tayyip Erdoğan/Fatih Sultan Mehmet-1|
- İDO has total of 10 fast ferries.
- The average age of the fast ferry fleet is 5.5 years.
|Type||Firm||Number in fleet||Passenger Capacity||Year Built||Maximum Speed (in miles)||Description|
|Katamaran||DAMEN||5||449||2007||30.9||Names Burak Reis-3/Salih Reis-4/Kemal Reis-5/Mehmet Reis-11/Murat Reis-7|
|Katamaran||Kvaerner Fjellstrand||10||449||1987/1988||25||Names are Umur Bey/Sarıca Bey/Uluç Ali Reis/Nusret Bey/Hezarfen Çelebi/Çaka Bey I/Yeditepe I/Ulubatlı Hasan/Karamürsel Bey/Çavlı Bey|
|Katamaran||Kvaerner Fjellstrand||8||350,358,400||1997,1998,2000||32||Names are Kaptan Paşa/Seydi Ali Reis I/Oruç Reis V/Piri Reis II/Temel Reis II/Hızır Reis III/Sokullu Mehmet Paşa/Barbaros Hayrettin Paşa|
|Katamaran||AUSTAL||2||450||1996||33.5||Names are Piyale Paşa/Sinan Paşa|
- İDO has total of 25 seabuses.
- The average age of the seabus fleet is 12.4 years.
|Number in fleet||Vehicle Capacity||Description|
|4||80||Between Harem-Sirkeci. Built in 2007 by Çeksan. Names Sahilbent, Suhulet, Sadabad, Sultan Ahmet|
|6||66||Between Harem-Sirkeci and Eskihisar-Topçular|
|Seabus||25||490 to 1200|
|Fast Ferry||10||350 to 450|
|Conventional Passenger Boat||38||750 to 2100|
|Conventional Vehicle Boat||17||600 Passenger + 66 to 112 Vehicle|
|Fast Ferry Lines||Trip Time||Notes|
|Yenikapı-Bursa||80 minutes||Trip by fast ferries. Cars with LPG and PNG are not allowed on katamaran type.|
|Yenikapı-Bandırma||120 minutes||Trip by fast ferries, but sometimes by seabuses. Seabus interchange from Bostancı before half hour.|
|Yenikapı-Yalova||70 minutes||Trip by fast ferries or seabuses. Vehicles with LPG and PNG are allowed only in double-ended type. Seabuses are only for passengers.|
|Pendik-Yalova||45 minutes||Trip by double-ended fast ferries. Vehicles with LPG and PNG are allowed.|
|Inter-City Seabus Lines||Trip Time||Notes||Fares (TL)|
|Istanbul-Armutlu-Kumla-Gemlik||Yenikapı to Armutlu in 75 minutes; to Kumla 90 minutes; to Gemlik 105 minutes||The seabus first moves from Bostancı to Yenikapı and then goes to the otherside of The Marmara Sea.||Normal 18
|Istanbul-Marmara Island-Avsa Island||5 hours to Marmara Island; 5.5 hours to Avşa||Only in the weekends. The boat takes off from Sarayburnu.||Normal 45
|Istanbul-Çınarcık-Esenköy||65 minutes to Çınarcık; 75 minutes to Esenköy||Normal 14/Discount 12|
|Bostancı-Kartal-Yalova||40 minutes||Normal 7.5/discount 6|
|Kabataş-Kadıköy-Bursa||120 minutes||Normal 21/Discount 16|
|Inner-City Seabus Lines||Trip Time||Notes||Fares (TL)|
|Bostancı-Kadıköy-Yenikapı-Bakırköy||From Bostancı 20 minutes to Kadıköy;30 minutes to Yenikapı;55 minutes to Bakırköy||Token 6
Normal 4 Discount 2,65
|Bostancı-Kabataş||25 minutes||Some trips overstop at Kadıköy. No trips on Sunday and Holidays.||Token 6
Normal 4 Discount 2,65
|Bostancı-Kabataş-Kadıköy-Bakırköy-Avcılar-Büyükçekmece||See this||In winter, no trips to Büyükçekmece. Usually interchange in Bakırköy to go Bostancı. Only in weekdays.||Token 6
Normal 4 Discount 2,65
|Pendik-Kartal-Maltepe-Bostancı-Kabataş-Bakırköy-Avcılar||From Pendik, 15 minutes to Kartal; 30 minutes to Maltepe; 50 minutes to Bostancı||Passengers must interchange in Bostancı pier to go to the European Side. Only in weekdays.||Token 6
Normal 4 Discount 2,65
|Kabataş-Prince's Islands-Bostancı||From Kabataş, 20 min to Kınalı, 30 min to Burgaz, 45 min to Büyük, 55 min to Heybeli, 75 min to Bostancı||Only in weekends||From Bostancı From Kabataş
Token 4 7 Normal 3,25 5,50 Discount2,75 4
|Vehicle Boat Lines||Trip Time||Notes|
|Eskihisar-Topçular||35 min||Old types of conventional boats. 20 minutes between two trips.|
|Harem-Sirkeci||12 min/20 min||New types are faster. 20 min between 2 trips in weekdays and Saturdays.|
Images of the Seabus modelsEdit
- "İDO'nun Genel Müdürü atandı". 24 August 2020.
- "İstanbul Deniz Otobüsleri A.Ş." Archived from the original on May 13, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
- "İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi". Ibb.gov.tr. 2011-06-17. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
- "Akfen : Privatization of 100% Shares of IDO" (PDF). Akfen.com.tr. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "İdo Bileti". İdo. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- "İstanbul Deniz Otobüsleri A.Ş." Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
-  Archived December 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived December 28, 2006, at the Wayback Machine