Eskişehir railway station

Eskişehir railway station (Turkish: Eskişehir garı) is the main railway station in Eskişehir, Turkey. The station is part of a major railway facility, which is one of the largest in the country. Prior to the cancellation of all non-high-speed trains between Ankara and Istanbul, Eskişehir station was one of the busiest stations in Turkey.[4] Eskişehir is served by high-speed trains on the Ankara–Istanbul line. Due to its geographical location, the city is an important railway junction, where two main lines meet. The largest railway factory in Turkey, owned by TÜLOMSAŞ, is located next to the station as well as serving as the headquarters for the company.

Eskişehir
TCDD Taşımacılık high-speed, inter-city and regional rail station
New Eskisehir station.jpg
The rebuilt station platforms.
LocationHoşnudiye Mah., İstasyon Cd. 10, 26130 Tepebaşı/Eskişehir, Turkey
Coordinates39°46′46″N 30°30′28″E / 39.7794°N 30.5078°E / 39.7794; 30.5078Coordinates: 39°46′46″N 30°30′28″E / 39.7794°N 30.5078°E / 39.7794; 30.5078
Owned byTCDD
Line(s)Istanbul-Ankara railway
Istanbul-Ankara high-speed railway
Platforms4 (2 side platforms, 2 island platforms)
Tracks10
ConnectionsEskişehir Belediye Bus, Estram
Construction
Structure typeAt-Grade
ParkingYes
ArchitectOrhan Safa
Other information
Station code2435
History
Opened31 December 1892[1]
Rebuilt1955 (Station building)[2]
2014 (YHT station)
Electrified1989 (25 kV AC)[3]
Services
Preceding station   TCDD Taşımacılık   Following station
Yüksek Hızlı Tren
toward Ankara
Terminus
toward Istanbul
Ankara Express
toward Ankara
toward Arifiye
Boğaziçi Express
toward Ankara
toward İzmir
Izmir Blue Train
toward Denizli
Pamukkale ExpressTerminus
toward Afyon
Eskişehir-Afyon
toward Kütahya
Eskişehir-Kütahya
toward Tavşanlı
Eskişehir-Tavşanlı
Former services
Preceding station   Turkish State Railways   Following station
toward Istanbul
Capital Express
toward Ankara
Republic Express
Fatih Express
toward Istanbul
Anatolian Express
Ankara Express
toward Arifiye
Boğaziçi Express
toward Ankara
toward Istanbul
Eskişehir ExpressTerminus
Sakarya Express

Eskişehir railway station is located towards the northwestern part of the city center. Estram tram lines serve the station with a direct link the heart of the cities as well as the main north and south districts.

The station was built in 1891 by the Anatolian Railway and officially opened on 31 December 1892.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Reconstruction of the station in 2012.
 
The facade of 1955 station building.

Railways came to Eskişehir in 1892, when the Anatolian Railway (CFOA) built its İstanbul-Ankara rail line, which passed through the city. The station opened on December 31, 1892 along with the entire line. Since Eskişehir was a town, whose industry was reliant on farming, growth of the town was limited. However, when the CFOA started construction of their mainline to Konya in 1893, the town was to become an important railway junction. During the construction, the CFOA opened a Locomotive maintenance facility in 1894, which would later become TÜLOMSAŞ.[5] When the line to Konya was opened in 1896, industrialization of the town began. During the Turkish War of Independence, in 1919, the station facilities were used as a base for Turkish nationalist forces. In 1920, the station was taken over by the Greek Army only to be taken back by the Turks in 1922.

The war ended in 1923, but the CFOA was in bad shape due to heavy damage to the rails and locomotives. Shortly after the war, the locomotive maintenance facility was expanded to help the reconstruction of the line. A factory to build new locomotives and railcars as well as another factory to build switches and many personnel faculties were built, with funding from the new Turkish government. After World War II, a new grain elevator was built, which increased the growth of the town to a city. On June 19, 1953 construction of the present day station building started. The building was designed by Orhan Safa and cost 1,780,000 Turkish Lira. The building was inaugurated on November 4, 1955, by Yümmü Üresin, the Minister of Transport.[6] In the 1960s, the railway facilities were at their heyday constructing new locomotives at a heavy rate. In the 1990s, most of the facilities production declined and some were abandoned by 2000. In 2007, a plan to rebuild the station underground to open up traffic was concluded and construction started shortly after, despite heavy criticism. After a plan to demolish the main building, many railway workers protested against it and the station was then put under special protection as a historical building. Construction is planned to end in 2013.

Current OperationsEdit

Eskişehir today is an important station on the İstanbul-Ankara main line. It is visited by 16 intercity trains running between İstanbul and Ankara, 4 intercity trains between İzmir and Ankara, 20 Yüksek Hızlı Tren high-speed trains to Ankara, and 8 intercity trains to İstanbul.[when?]

Connections to city buses are available outside the station building as well as connections to the citywide tram system.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b CFOA History - Trains and Railways of Turkey
  2. ^ "Eskişehir Gar Binasi Tescillendi". kentvedemiryolu.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  3. ^ TCDD Electrification - Trains and Railways of Turkey
  4. ^ TCDD Timetables Archived August 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine - Eskişehir station train departure and arrival times
  5. ^ TULOMSAS Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine - History of TULOMSAS
  6. ^ Kent ve Demiryolu