Borbon, Cebu

Borbon, officially the Municipality of Borbon (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Borbon; Tagalog: Bayan ng Borbon), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 38,187 people. [3]

Borbon
Municipality of Borbon
View of Borbon
View of Borbon
Map of Cebu with Borbon highlighted
Map of Cebu with Borbon highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Borbon is located in Philippines
Borbon
Borbon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°50′N 124°00′E / 10.83°N 124°E / 10.83; 124Coordinates: 10°50′N 124°00′E / 10.83°N 124°E / 10.83; 124
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Visayas
ProvinceCebu
District 5th district
Founded15 September 1862
Barangays19 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorNoel T. Dotillos
 • Vice MayorRoy D. Melgo
 • RepresentativeVincent Franco D. Frasco
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate24,895 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total120.94 km2 (46.70 sq mi)
Elevation
77 m (253 ft)
Highest elevation
292 m (958 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total38,187
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
 • Households
8,301
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence20.70% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱128,201,475.62 (2020)
 • Assets₱371,464,579.49 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱142,835,659.04 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱102,722,990.75 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCebu 2 Electric Cooperative (CEBECO 2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6008
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)32
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog

HistoryEdit

According to the Panublion publication, Borbon was established as a parish on 15 September 1862 and had San Sebastian as its patron saint.[5] Today St. Sebastian's fiesta is celebrated every 20 January. Borbon was formerly a visita or an extension community of the town of Sogod. That is why many of the first settlers of Borbon were families whose roots can be traced back to relatives in Sogod.

In addition, Redondo 1886, p. 163 describes the Borbon church made of wood and tabique resting on a base of mortar, dimensions 22+12 by 7+12 fathoms (41 m × 14 m; 135 ft × 45 ft). The church was thatched with grass. The original church is believed to have been one of the oldest churches in Cebu prior to its demolition after World War II.

The town name was said to have been named after Bourbon in Spain, or a misinterpretation of the Cebuano term "Bonbon" which means pebbly sand, but the generally accepted history of its name is of legend.

GeographyEdit

Borbon is bordered on the north by the town of Tabogon, to the west by the town of Tabuelan, on the east by the Camotes Sea, and on the south by the town of Sogod.

Silmugi RiverEdit

Silmugi River is an eco-tourism site in northern Cebu. Located between the barangays of Poblacion and Cadaruhan, the river stretches for about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) between barangays Vito and Suba. It is where the rainwater from the many mountain barangays cascades and discharges into the sea.

The river played a big part during Borbon's formation as a town because in the past the river was known to be so big and wide that many boats traveled it.

BarangaysEdit

Borbon comprises 19 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[6]
072213001 Bagacay 1.5% 576 645 −1.09%
072213002 Bili 2.0% 768 546 3.37%
072213003 Bingay 3.2% 1,220 1,084 1.15%
072213004 Bongdo 3.6% 1,389 1,253 1.01%
072213005 Bongdo Gua 2.3% 893 865 0.31%
072213006 Bongoyan 4.3% 1,652 1,457 1.23%
072213007 Cadaruhan 11.2% 4,274 3,639 1.57%
072213008 Cajel 3.7% 1,401 1,162 1.83%
072213009 Campusong 6.1% 2,344 2,147 0.86%
072213010 Clavera 3.7% 1,410 1,245 1.22%
072213011 Don Gregorio Antigua (Taytayan) 9.5% 3,631 3,086 1.59%
072213012 Laaw 4.0% 1,544 1,484 0.39%
072213013 Lugo 8.1% 3,093 3,067 0.08%
072213014 Managase 3.7% 1,395 1,388 0.05%
072213015 Poblacion 13.3% 5,090 4,258 1.75%
072213016 Sagay 3.3% 1,255 1,025 1.98%
072213017 San Jose 2.0% 749 664 1.18%
072213018 Tabunan 4.5% 1,705 1,698 0.04%
072213019 Tagnucan 3.0% 1,137 885 2.46%
Total 38,187 31,598 1.86%

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Borbon, Cebu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 70
(2.8)
49
(1.9)
62
(2.4)
78
(3.1)
138
(5.4)
201
(7.9)
192
(7.6)
185
(7.3)
192
(7.6)
205
(8.1)
156
(6.1)
111
(4.4)
1,639
(64.6)
Average rainy days 13.4 10.6 13.1 14.5 24.2 27.9 28.4 27.7 27.1 27.4 22.5 15.9 252.7
Source: Meteoblue [7]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Borbon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 5,242—    
1918 9,756+4.23%
1939 16,680+2.59%
1948 18,333+1.06%
1960 18,755+0.19%
1970 18,123−0.34%
1975 18,664+0.59%
1980 20,137+1.53%
1990 23,239+1.44%
1995 26,020+2.14%
2000 28,571+2.03%
2007 32,278+1.70%
2010 31,598−0.77%
2015 35,526+2.26%
2020 38,187+1.43%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[8][6][9][10]

EconomyEdit

Source of livelihood:

  • Farming- this source of livelihood generally dominates in Borbon. It includes crop,livestock,forest,rented out land, agriculture, farm machinery, vegetable and fodder.
  • Fishing

CultureEdit

Silmugi FestivalEdit

  • Silmugi Festival is a celebration to honor the patron saint, St. Sebastian the Martyr . The highlight of this event is the street dancing which involves a traditional prayer for a bountiful harvest and various barangays take part.
  • "Silmugi" is an old name of the town of Borbon during the Pre-Spanish period which was named after the enchanting and enthralling river which was served as the nearest route for devout Catholics attending mass in Saint Sebastian Parish. The river has also become the main gateway for locals who lived in the hillsides of Borbon to conduct their business trade with coastal barangays surrounding it.
  • The festival was eventually replaced by the Tuba Festival, which highlights more on the Toddy industry of the town. This change of name and focus was a move aimed at boosting the local economy of Coconut Toddy, known locally as "Tuba", in the town by endorsing it as a local cuisine and tourist attraction. Despite these changes, much of the celebration hasn't been greatly altered since the original festival of the town.

EducationEdit

Schools:

  • Bongoyan Elementary School
  • Don Emilio Osmena Memorial School
  • Cajel Elementary School
  • Campusong Elementary School
  • Bongdo Elementary School
  • Laaw Elementary School
  • Cadaruhan Elementary School
  • Don Gregorio Antigua Elementary School
  • Doña Mary R. Osmeña Memorial Elementary School
  • Dona Milagros Osmena Elementary School
  • Tabunan National High School
  • Cebu Technical University-Tabogon Campus

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Borbon | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ Panublion 2004.
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ "Borbon: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  8. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Cebu". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

SourcesEdit

  • "Borbon". Panublion. JESCON / Ateneo of Manila. 2003. Archived from the original on 24 December 2011.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  • Sendino y Redondo, Felipe (1886). Breve reseña de lo que fue y de lo que es la Diócesis de Cebú en las Islas Filipinas (in Spanish). Manila: Colegio de Santo Tomas.

External linksEdit