Bondi Beach is a popular beach and the name of the surrounding suburb in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Bondi Beach is located 7 kilometres (4 miles) east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Waverley Council, in the Eastern Suburbs. It has a population of 11,656 residents. Its postcode is 2026. Bondi, North Bondi and Bondi Junction are neighbouring suburbs. Bondi Beach is one of the most visited tourist sites in Australia sparking two hit TV series Bondi Rescue and Bondi Vet.

Bondi Beach
SydneyNew South Wales
Aerial view of Bondi Beach
Bondi Beach is located in Sydney
Bondi Beach
Bondi Beach
Coordinates33°53′28″S 151°16′41″E / 33.891°S 151.278°E / -33.891; 151.278
Population11,513 (SAL 2021)[1]
Elevation21 m (69 ft)
Area1.22 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Location7 km (4 mi) E of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)Waverley Council
State electorate(s)Vaucluse
Federal division(s)Wentworth
Suburbs around Bondi Beach:
Bellevue Hill Rose Bay North Bondi
Bondi Junction Bondi Beach Tasman Sea
Bondi Bondi Tamarama


Bondi Beach, Vicar's Estate Auction, 1923, subdivision plan

"Bondi," originally "Boondi" is an Aboriginal word which means 'water tumbling over rocks' in English.[2] The first record of "bondi" by European-ancestry Australians was made between 1899 and 1903. It describes the meaning as "noise made by sea waves breaking on the beach,"[3] which is essentially the definition of "surf" in contemporary American English.[4]

In 1809 the road builder William Roberts received a grant of land in the area.[5][6] In 1851 Edward Smith Hall and Francis O'Brien purchased 200 acres (0.8 square kilometres) of the Bondi area that included most of the beach frontage, which was named "The Bondi Estate." Hall was O'Brien's father-in-law. Between 1855 and 1877 O'Brien purchased his father-in-law's share of the land, renamed the land the "O'Brien Estate," and made the beach and the surrounding land available to the public as a picnic ground and amusement resort. As the beach became increasingly popular, O'Brien threatened to stop public beach access. However, the Municipal Council believed that the Government needed to intervene to make the beach a public reserve. In mid-1882, Bondi Beach became a public beach.[7] The first tramway to the beach was established in 1884. The Waverley Council was responsible for building the first surf bathing sheds on the beach in 1903. By 1929 an estimated 60,000 people were visiting the beach on a summer weekend day. The opening of the pavilion in the same year attracted a huge crowd of 200,000.[8]

'Bondi Bay' - a photo from circa 1900 from The Powerhouse Museum

On 6 February 1938 five people drowned and over 250 people were rescued or resuscitated after a series of large waves struck the beach and pulled people wading on a sandbank into the sea, a day that became known as "Black Sunday".[9]

Bondi Beach was a working class suburb throughout most of the twentieth century with migrant people from New Zealand comprising the majority of the local population. Following World War II, Bondi Beach and the Eastern Suburbs became home for Jewish migrants from Poland, Russia, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Germany. A stream of Jewish immigration continued into the 21st century and the area has a number of synagogues and a kosher butcher. The multicultural migration funded and drove the growth of the suburb throughout the 1990s into the turn of the century,[10][better source needed] moving it steadily from its working-class roots towards an upper/middle-class enclave[11] similar to its neighbours of Rose Bay and Bellevue Hill which was listed as the most expensive postcode in the country from 2003 to 2005.[12][better source needed][13][better source needed]

Bondi Beach was long a centre for efforts to fight indecency in beach attire. The beach was a focal point of the 1907 Sydney bathing costume protests, organised to oppose proposed dress standards for beachgoers. The Local Government Act, Ordinance No. 52 (1935)[14][better source needed] governed the decency of swimming costumes and was in force between 1935 and 1961, and resulted in public controversy as the two-piece "bikini" became popular after World War II. Waverley Council's beach inspectors, including the Aub Laidlaw, were responsible for enforcing the law and were required to measure the dimensions of swimwear and order offenders against public decency off the beach. While vacationing in Australia during 1951, American movie actress Jean Parker made international headlines when she was escorted off the beach after Laidlaw determined her bikini was too skimpy.[15] The rule became increasingly anachronistic during the 1950s and was replaced in 1961 with one requiring bathers be "clad in a proper and adequate bathing costume", allowing for more subjective judgement of decency. By the 1980s topless bathing had become common at Bondi Beach, especially at the southern end.[16]

Sydney's Water Board maintained an untreated sewage outlet not far from the north end of the beach until the 1960s when a sewage treatment plant was built. In the mid-1990s the plant was upgraded & a deepwater ocean outfall was completed to meet water quality standards.

In March 2007, Waverley Council started proceedings to evict a hermit who was living in squalor on a cliff overlooking the beach. Peter James Paul Millhouse, calling himself Jhyimy "Two Hats" Mhiyles, came to the beach during the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games and became a local celebrity for his lifestyle and poetry recitals to visitors. Residents and tourists put together a "save the caveman" petition to allow him to continue residing but under certain rules.[17][18] In 2009, he was arrested and charged for the rape of a tourist.[19] While he was in custody, Waverley Council under then-mayor Liberal Sally Betts removed his belongings from the cliff.[20] In September 2011, charges against Jhyimy were dropped by the Director of Public Prosecutions over concerns of the reliability of the witness.[21] Waverley Council has not offered recompense for his eviction from his home or loss of belongings.

In March 2020, the Government of New South Wales closed Bondi Beach after a number of people there exceeded Australia's outdoor-gathering limit imposed to slow the spread of the coronavirus in New South Wales.[22]

Heritage listings

Crowds at Bondi Beach, Sydney, December 1929, EB Studios

Bondi Beach has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Bondi Beach was added to the Australian National Heritage List in 2008.[25][better source needed]



Bondi Beach is about 1 kilometre (0.6 mi) long and receives many visitors throughout the year. Surf Life Saving Australia gave different hazard ratings to areas of Bondi Beach in 2004. While the northern end has been rated a gentle 4 (with 10 as the most hazardous), the southern side is rated as a 7 due to a famous rip current known as the "Backpackers' Rip" because of its proximity to the bus stop, the fact that many backpackers and tourists do not realise that the flat, smooth water is a rip, and quite dangerous, and the unwillingness of tourists to walk the length of the beach to safer swimming. The south end of the beach is generally reserved for surfboard riding. Yellow and red flags define safe swimming areas, and visitors are advised to swim between them.[26]

A rip current pouring over the people standing on rock shore at the northern end of Bondi beach (2019)

There is an underwater shark net; however, it does not stretch the entire beach, it is made up of overlapping sections.[citation needed] Many other beaches along the same stretch of the coast have similar shark nets. Pods of whales and dolphins have been sighted in the bay during the months of migration (March–May, September–November). Fairy penguins, while uncommon, are sometimes also seen swimming close to shore or amongst surfers in southern line-up.[citation needed]

In 2007, the Guinness World Record for the largest swimsuit photo shoot was set at Bondi Beach, with 1,010 women wearing bikinis taking part.[27]

Activity on Bondi Beach in the late spring to early summer of 2014

In 2011, Waverley Council implemented Wi-Fi to Bondi Beach users. Service is free with limits on access periods and downloads per use. The cost of setup was estimated to be between $34,000 and $50,000 with annual costs of $25,000. Local business as well as The Bondi Chamber of Commerce supported the notion as locals and visitors are able to connect with local business, events and other community and council events.[28][better source needed] In 2012 the Mayor of Waverley Sally Betts said that for the 2 million visitors annually, Wi-Fi offers access to local events and business information.[29][better source needed]

Sport and recreation


Bondi Beach is represented in one of the most popular sporting competitions across Australia, the National Rugby League competition, by the local team the Sydney Roosters, officially the Eastern Suburbs District Rugby League Football Club (ESDRLFC).

Bondi Beach is the end point of the City to Surf Fun Run which is held each year in August. The race attracts over 63,000 entrants who complete the 14 km (9 mi) run from the Sydney central business district to Bondi Beach. Other annual activities at Bondi Beach include Flickerfest, Australia's premier international short film festival in January, World Environment Day[30] in June, Sculpture by the Sea in November, and the Winter Magic Festival that attracted 60,000 visitors in 2016.[31][32] In addition to many activities, the Bondi Beach Markets is open every Sunday, and a food market every Saturday, at Bondi Beach Public School. Many Irish and British tourists spend Christmas Day at the beach.

An Oceanway connects Bondi to South Head to the north and other beaches to the south up to Coogee.

Bondi graffiti

Bondi Beach hosted the beach volleyball competition at the 2000 Summer Olympics.[33] A temporary 10,000-seat stadium, a much smaller stadium, 2 warm-up courts, and 3 training courts were set up to host the tournament.

Lifesaving clubs


Bondi Surf Bathers' Life Saving Club claims to be the world's first surf lifesaving club,[34] and North Bondi Surf Life Saving Club is a federation club. Both clubs were founded in 1907. Bondi members invented the surf reel and many other icons of lifesaving. Surf lifesavers from both clubs were involved in the largest rescue ever on a single day, known as 'Black Sunday'. Bondi holds the most Australian Surf Lifesaving Championship gold medals in R&R (rescue & resuscitation) and North Bondi holds the most gold medals in March Past.[citation needed]

Bondi Icebergs

Bondi Icebergs Swimming Club

The Bondi Icebergs Swimming Club origin dates back to 1929 and owes its origins to the desire of a band of dedicated local lifesavers who wished to maintain their fitness during the winter months. They formed the Bondi Icebergs Winter Swimming Club and drew up a constitution and elected office bearers. Included in the constitution was a rule that to maintain membership it was mandatory that swimmers compete on three Sundays out of four for a period of five years.

Bondi Skate Park


The Bondi Skate Park opened to the public in 1991 with only two skate ramps. In 2004, the council sought consultation with the skating community for input on how best to upgrade the site.[35] The end result was the construction of a bowl with a 12-foot (3.7 m) deep end and a 5-foot (1.5 m) shallow end, rated 4 out of 5 stars by Skateboard Australia.[36] The bowl was designed by Chad Ford[36] and built by the company Zalem.[36] The park has been hosting BOWL-A-RAMA, an international skating competition, since 2004;.[37]

Commercial area

A cafe in Bondi Beach
View from Bondi Pavilion

Bondi Beach has a commercial area along Campbell Parade and adjacent side streets, featuring many popular cafes, restaurants, and hotels, with views of the beach.[38][39] Pacific Bondi Beach is a shopping centre that features Woolworths Metro, QT Hotel and 22 stores. It was built on the old Swiss Grand Hotel.

The Hotel Bondi is a landmark on Campbell Parade. It was built from 1915 to the 1920s and was designed by E. Lindsay Thompson. It combines Italianate, Federation and Free Classical elements and has been described as an "important landmark building in the Bondi Beach townscape." It has a state heritage listing.[40] The Beach Road Hotel, originally opened in 1956 and was formerly The Regis and prior to that The Rex, is on the corner of Glenayr Avenue and Beach Road.[41][42]

Bondi Pavilion is a community cultural centre, located right on Bondi Beach, which features a theatre, gallery, rehearsal, meeting and function rooms, art workshop, and studios. Bondi Pavilion is the centre for major festivals performances throughout the year. It has a state heritage listing.[43]

Culture and events


Numerous festivals and events such as the annual Miss Bondi beauty pageant have made Bondi Beach a popular destination among travellers. The beach has long captured the attention of poets including Les Murray, Joanne Burns and Brook Emery. The Vans Bowl-A-Rama skateboarding competition is held at the skate bowl in February every year.[44]

An example of Bondi's Art Deco architecture

Bondi Beach has been used as a location for numerous films, television series, music videos, and a video game:

  • The Block was an Australian home renovation television series; its first season was filmed at Bondi Beach in 2003.
  • Being Lara Bingle was a reality television series that followed model Lara Bingle and was set in Bondi.
  • Deep Water was a 2016 mini-series set on Bondi Beach which was loosely based on a series of bashings and murders of 30-80 gay men in the late 1980s and early 1990s. A documentary, Deep Water:The Real Story was broadcast along with the fictionalized mini-series.[45]
  • Bondi Rescue is a factual television series about the team of lifeguards who patrol the beach.
  • Bondi Vet is a factual television series based on veterinarian Chris Brown.
  • Breakers was a television drama series filmed around Bondi Beach.
  • The video game Tony Hawk's Underground 2's Level Australia is based on Bondi Beach.
  • Les Norton, a popular Australian fictional character who stars in the Robert G. Barrett series of books, "lives" at Bondi in the stories.
  • People Under the Stairs, an American hip hop duo, filmed part of the video for their song "The Wiz" on Bondi Beach.
  • Scooby-Doo! and the Legend of the Vampire, an American animated movie, included scenes set at Bondi Beach.
  • Two Hands (1999 film), starring Heath Ledger.
  • The 1959 film version of Summer of the Seventeenth Doll featured the characters drinking beer at the Bondi Iceberg's Club.
  • The 1966 film They're a Weird Mob features a scene in which the star is rescued on Bondi Beach.
  • The Endless Summer Music Festival
  • Bondi Beach was featured in the Modern Family episode "Australia", which aired on U.S. television on 23 April 2014.
  • In Top of the Lake Series 2, Robin investigates a case opened when a suitcase containing a woman's body washes up on Bondi Beach.
  • In Season 3, Episode 12 of Lost a Bondi Beach t-shirt is used as swaddling for a baby, implying that one of the passengers on ill-fated Oceanic Airlines Flight 815 (which originated in Sydney, Australia) had been to Bondi Beach.
  • In the 1930s and 40s, members of Graham Men's Gymnastics Club entertained beachgoers with acrobatics on the sand. The word "beachobatics" was coined.[46][47]





Bondi Beach is often considered to be one of Sydney's most densely populated suburbs, with a population density of 10,386/km2 in 2023.[48] According to the 2021 census, there were 11,513 residents in Bondi Beach. In Bondi Beach, 48.7% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were England 10.6%, New Zealand 2.9%, the United States of America 2.7%, South Africa 2.4% and France 2.2%. 72.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Spanish 4.4%, French 2.9%, Italian 1.9%, Portuguese 1.8% and Russian 1.3%. The most common responses for religion in Bondi Beach were No Religion 51.2%, Catholic 18.4%, Judaism 7.6% and Anglican 6.0%.[49]

Notable residents (past or present)



  • "Bondi Beach" was the name of a wave pool at Carowinds Theme Park in Fort Mill, South Carolina, United States.[52]
  • Bondi blue is a blue-green colour, first named when used as the exterior colour of the original iMac personal computer introduced in 1998 and named after the colour of the water at Bondi Beach.
  • Bondi Burgers, served at Oporto restaurants, are named as such due to Oporto's originating in North Bondi. There is a chain of pizzerias in Sydney called Bondi Pizza, as well as a tanning lotion called Bondi Sands.

See also



  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Bondi Beach (suburb and locality)". Australian Census 2021 QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2022.  
  2. ^ McCormack, Terri (2008). "Bondi rock carvings". Dictionary of Sydney. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024. Retrieved 15 April 2024 – via State Library of New South Wales. Contemporary Bondi Beach is popular with surfers and sun-lovers. In earlier years, Aboriginal people also found it an attractive place, with its abundant nearby fresh water, fish and rocky shores full of shellfish. The name Bondi, also spelt Bundi, Bundye and Boondye, comes from the Aboriginal 'Boondi'. According to some authorities, this means 'water tumbling over rocks', while the Australian Museum records its meaning as 'a place where a fight with nullas took place'.
  3. ^ "Box 4 Folder 1: New South Wales place names, 1899-1903". Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024 – via State Library of New South Wales. Name Of Place Boondi Meaning Or Reason Why It Was Given Noise made by sea waves breaking on the beach Name Of Place Now called Bondi
  4. ^ "surf". Merriam-Webster. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024.
  5. ^ Healy, Gerald (1996). The book of Sydney suburbs (Rev. ed.). Pymble, N.S.W. ISBN 978-0-207-19007-0.
  6. ^ Dowd, Bernard Thomas (1959). Foster, William (ed.). The Centenary Of the Municipality Of Waverley. Waverley Municipal Council. p. 23, 34. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024. Retrieved 8 June 2017. II First Three Land Grantees 2 (1st) William Roberts' grant — Survey by James Meehan — Bondi Estate Sub-divisions, 1852 and 1866 — Edward Smith Hall — Frances O'Brien and family — The Homestead.
  7. ^ Booth, Douglas (2021). Bondi Beach: Representations of an Iconic Australian. Kamloops: Springer Nature. p. 125. ISBN 978-981-16-3899-2.
  8. ^ "National Heritage Places - Bondi Beach". Archived from the original on 17 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Bondi's Black Sunday" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011.  (113 KB), Waverley Library Local History. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  10. ^ Wentworth Courier, 20 July 2004
  11. ^ Sydney Morning Herald, 6 October 2004
  12. ^ The Sydney Morning Herald, 18 December 2006
  13. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Annual incomes, Average home price Zip 2021 NSW
  14. ^ NSW Local Government Act, Ordinance No. 52 (1935)
  15. ^ Marks, Kathy (31 December 2008). "Topless wars reignited on Australia's beaches". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 26 June 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
  16. ^ "Bikini arrests on Bondi Beach" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 February 2011.  (206 KB), Waverley Library Local History. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
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  18. ^ " 'Save the Caveman' Petition".
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  20. ^ Robinson, Georgina (18 November 2009). "Bondi caveman's cliff-top home demolished". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  21. ^ Kennedy, Les (19 June 2011). "No home, no rape, but still locked up". The Sun-Herald. Archived from the original on 2 September 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  22. ^ Brown, Michelle; Pengilley, Victoria (21 March 2020). "Bondi Beach closed over crowds amid coronavirus pandemic". ABC News.
  23. ^ "Bondi Beach Post Office (Place ID 106174)". Australian Heritage Database. Australian Government. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  24. ^ "Bondi Beach Cultural Landscape". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H01786. Retrieved 18 May 2018.   Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
  25. ^ Sydney Morning Herald, 1 January 2009, p.18
  26. ^ Sowerby, Neil (18 July 2007). "Riptides and spice in Oz". Manchester Evening News. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  27. ^ "Beach babes shore up bikini record". Melbourne: Herald Sun. 27 September 2007. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2007.
  28. ^ Bartlett, Vanessa (October 2012). "Bondi View".
  29. ^ "Eastern Suburbs Spectator". November 2012.
  30. ^ "World Environment Day". Archived from the original on 25 July 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  31. ^ Laughlin, Shaya (6 July 2017). "Festival transforms Bondi Beach in winter wonderland". Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  32. ^ Gleeson, Ashleigh (1 July 2017). "Bondi Beach ice rink highlight of Winter Magic Festival". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  33. ^ "Two". Official Report of the XXVII Olympiad (PDF) (Report). Vol. One (First ed.). Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. 2001. p. 78. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024. The Beach Volleyball Centre at Bondi Beach was not only one of the most controversial of all Sydney's Olympic venues, but ended up being the most atmospheric during the Games.
  34. ^ "Bondi Surf Club". Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  35. ^ "Bondi skate park - Waverley Council". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  36. ^ a b c "Bondi Skate Park Bondi". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  37. ^ "BARROS AND HAWK TO DEFEND THEIR TITLE AT VANS BOWL-A-RAMA BONDI 2015!". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  38. ^ "Bondi". Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
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  40. ^ "Hotel Bondi - NSW Environment & Heritage". Archived from the original on 3 December 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  41. ^ Roberts M, 22 November 2014. The Rex Hotels Archived 7 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Time Gents: Australian Pub Project. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
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  44. ^ "BOWL-A-RAMA". Vans. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
  45. ^ "SBS launches Deep Water: a drama, a documentary and online investigation". 12 September 2016. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  46. ^ Davies, Alan. "Bondi Jitterbug : George Caddy and his camera". SL : State Library of New South Wales magazine (vol. 1, no. 2 (2008)).
  47. ^ "The scene : a day at the beach". State Library of New South Wales. 27 October 2016. Archived from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  48. ^ "Bondi Beach About the profile areas". 2023. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024. Retrieved 15 April 2024. Population density 10,386 persons per square km
  49. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Bondi Beach". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 April 2024.  
  50. ^ James Packer smashes Bondi Beach record with $29 million sale of his bachelor pad Macken, Lucy Domain 3 August 2018
  51. ^ Nicholls, Stephen (13 October 2021). "Larry Emdur's North Bondi penthouse quietly on the market". News Corp Australia Network. Archived from the original on 15 April 2024. Retrieved 15 April 2024 – via
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  • Huntmen, Leone (2001). Sand in Our Souls: The Beach in Australian History. Melbourne University Publishing. ISBN 0522849458.