Bohemian and Moravian koruna

The Bohemian and Moravian koruna, known as the Protectorate crown (Czech: Protektorátní koruna; German: Krone des Protektorats), was the currency of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia between 1939 and 1945. It was subdivided into 100 haléřů.

Bohemian and Moravian koruna
A one koruna 1939 over-stamped note
Denominations
Subunit
 1/100haléř  (Czech)
Heller  (German)
PluralKronen  (German)
The language(s) of this currency belong(s) to the Slavic languages. There is more than one way to construct plural forms.
haléř  (Czech)
Heller  (German)
Heller  (German)
SymbolK
haléř  (Czech)
Heller  (German)
h
Banknotes1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000 korun
Coins10, 20, 50 haléřů, 1 koruna
Demographics
User(s) Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.

HistoryEdit

The Bohemian and Moravian koruna replaced the Czechoslovak koruna at par and was replaced by the reconstituted Czechoslovak koruna, again at par. It was pegged to the Reichsmark at a rate of 1 Reichsmark = 10 koruna and was initially equal in value to the Slovak koruna, although this currency was devalued in 1940.

CoinsEdit

In 1940, zinc 10, 20 and 50 haléřů coins were introduced, followed by 1 koruna in 1941. The coins were minted until 1944.[1] The reverse designs were very similar to the earlier Czechoslovak coins. The coins were emergency issue types, similar to the coins of other German occupied territories.[2]

Value Mintage Image Notes
10 haléřů 82,114,000 (1940)[3][4]   Mass: 1.88
Diameter: 17
Edge: Plain
Composition: 100% Zinc
Obverse design: Czech lion
Lettering:Böhmen und Mahren ČECHY A MORAVA 1940
Reverse design: Denomination and Charles Bridge
Lettering:10
20 haléřů 106,526,000 (1940)[5]   Mass: 2.63
Diameter: 20
Thickness: 1.25
Edge: Plain
Composition: 100% Zinc
Obverse design:Czech lion
Lettering: Böhmen und Mahren ČECHY A MORAVA 1940
Reverse design: Denomination with wheat ears and sickle
Lettering: 20
50 haléřů 53,270,000 (1940)[6]    Mass: 3.7
Diameter: 22
Edge: Milled
Composition: 100% Zinc
Obverse design: Czech lion
Lettering: Böhmen und Mahren ČECHY A MORAVA 1940
Reverse design: Denomination with linden branches and wheat ears below
Lettering: 50
1 koruna 102,817,000 (1941)[7]   Mass: 4.5
Diameter: 23
Thickness: 2
Edge: Milled
Composition: 100% zinc
Obverse design: Czech lion
Lettering: BÖHMEN UND MAHREN ČECHY A MORAVA
Reverse design: Denomination with linden branches
Lettering: 1 1941

BanknotesEdit

Czechoslovak banknotes for 1 koruna and 5 korun were stamped (and later printed) with "Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren" over "Protektorát Čechy a Morava," and subsequently issued in Bohemia and Moravia beginning on February 9, 1940.[8] These were followed by regular government issues of 1, 5, 50 and 100 korun in 1940,[9] 10 korun in 1942,[10] and 20 and 50 korun in 1944.[11] Nationalbank für Böhmen und Mähren in Prag (National Bank for Bohemia and Moravia in Prague) introduced 500 and 100 korun notes in 1942, followed in 1943 by overprinted Czechoslovak 5000 korun notes. In 1944, the National Bank issued regular 5000 korun notes.[11]

Period Issue Value Date Image Comments
Protectorate
Bohemia and Moravia[10]
1939 Provisional Issue 11 Koruna 1939ND (1939)  
55 Korun 1939ND (1939)   Jungmann
1940 Issue 1 1 Koruna 1940ND (1940)  
55 Korun 1940ND (1940)  
50 50 Korun 19401940  
100100 Korun 19401940   Prague Castle & Charles Bridge
1942–44 Issue 1010 Korun 19421942  
20 20 Korun 19441944  
50 50 Korun 19441944  
National Bank
for Bohemia and Moravia[11]
1942–44 Issue 500500 Korun 19421942   Brandl
10001,000 Korun 19421942   Parler
5000 5,000 Korun 19431943   Overprint on a 1920 Czech note - Specimen
50005,000 Korun 19441944   St. Wenceslas

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Colin R. Bruce; Marian Moe (1995). Collecting world coins: a full century of circulating issues. Krause Publications. p. 2102. ISBN 978-0-87341-422-7. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  2. ^ "World War II - Occupation and emergency coinages of Europe". Numista. Numista. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  3. ^ "10 Haleru - Bohemia and Moravia - Numista". Numista. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
  4. ^ George S. Cuhaj (1 July 2015). Standard Catalog of World Coins 2016: 1901-2000. F+W Media, Inc. p. 233. ISBN 978-1-4402-4409-4. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  5. ^ "20 Haleru - Bohemia and Moravia - Numista". Numista. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
  6. ^ "50 Haleru - Bohemia and Moravia - Numista". Numista. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
  7. ^ "1 Koruna - Bohemia and Moravia - Numista". Numista. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
  8. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2011). "Bohemia and Moravia". The Banknote Book. San Francisco: BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
  9. ^ Cuhaj 2010, p. 125.
  10. ^ a b Cuhaj 2010, pp. 125–26.
  11. ^ a b c Cuhaj 2010, p. 126.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit