Bobcaygeon and the Trent-Severn Waterway
|• Total||5.48 km2 (2.12 sq mi)|
|• Density||645.3/km2 (1,671/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Bobcaygeon was incorporated as a village in 1876, and became known as the "Hub of the Kawarthas". Its recorded name bob-ca-je-wan-unk comes either from the Mississauga Ojibway word baabaagwaajiwanaang "at the very shallow currents", giishkaabikojiwanaang "at the cliffed cascades" or obaabikojiwanaang "at currented rocky narrows", or from the French beau bocage "beautiful hedged farmland". The first lock in the Trent-Severn Waterway was built in Bobcaygeon in 1833.
The town is situated on three islands, along with the main land.
Bobcaygeon's chief industry is tourism, particularly related to recreational fishing. Bobcaygeon is a hub for the region, providing many of the services unavailable in the smaller neighbouring communities.
Samuel de Champlain passed through Bobcaygeon with a band of Hurons during his 1615 military expedition.
By the early 1830s, the government of Upper Canada had completed its survey of the Township of Verulam and the area began to attract settlers. Thomas Need, who arrived in 1832 is recognized as one of the earliest settlers of the Township of Verulam and is the founder of Bobcaygeon. With his purchase of 3000 acres (12 km²) of land, Need built a sawmill, gristmill, and the first store.
In 1833, the provincial government began construction of a lock and canal at the narrows between Sturgeon and Pigeon Lakes. This was the first lock constructed on the Trent-Severn Waterway. Soon a community began to develop around the lock and the Thomas Need's sawmill and gristmill. In the 1850s, the economic development of Bobcaygeon was stimulated by Mossom Boyd's lumbering business.
The provincial government had reserved and surveyed a town site on the north bank of Bobcaygeon River between Sturgeon and Pigeon Lakes, which was named Rokeby by visiting Lieutenant Governor Sir John Colborne. Need laid out streets and plotted lots on the island, which was named Bobcaygeon. Today, Bobcaygeon designates both sides of the Bobcaygeon River, after the post office was established on the island by the first postmaster, Thomas Need.
In 1844, Thomas Need sold his profitable business interests to Mossom Boyd, and returned to England. Boyd and his sons built up a logging enterprise that was recognized as the third largest logging operation in Upper Canada. In addition to timbering, the Boyds also operated a system of steamboats under the name Trent Valley Navigation Company as well as an experimental beefalo herd on Boyd Island. Descendants of this herd remain in Alberta.
By 1869, Bobcaygeon was a village with a population of 800 in the Township of Verulam County, Victoria County. There was a good trade in lumber, limestone, hides, grain and the GalKay lead mine. There were stages to Lindsay, Peterborough and Minden. In summer, boats travelled to Lindsay and Peterborough. The average price of land was $20 per acre.
Bobcaygeon, with a population of about 1,000, was incorporated as a village by a Victoria County by-law of 1876.
A group of local businessmen worked for many years to bring a railway into Bobcaygeon. Sir Sam Hughes sat on the board of the Lindsay, Pontypool & Bobcaygeon Railway. The line was leased to the Canadian Pacific Railway on completion. In July 1904 the first passenger train steamed into town. The service lasted until 1957, the railway lands becoming the Beach Park.
The village government joined with the Township of Verulam in 1999. In 2000, it was amalgamated with the other municipalities of Victoria County by the provincial government following the recommendations of the Victoria County Restructuring Commission, led by commissioner Harry Kitchen. Now Bobcaygeon exists as a community within the City of Kawartha Lakes.
- Bobcaygeon Public School
- The Bobcaygeon Independent was the local newspaper, established in 1869. Its last issue was printed in December 2004.
- The Central Ontario Visitor (another local publication) was printed and released weekly with the Bobcaygeon Independent between the months of May through October from 1985 to 1999.
- The Promoter (another local publication) and one of the few remaining independent newspapers, published its first issue on March 15, 1991.
- In 1998, the Canadian rock band The Tragically Hip immortalized Bobcaygeon in their Juno Award-winning hit single that takes its name from the small village. The band played this song for the first time in the village on June 25, 2011 as part of Big Music Fest.
- In 2001, Bobcaygeon played host to an episode of the OLN reality television series Drifters: The Water Wars as they passed through the Trent-Severn Waterway.
- The village's Canada Day festivities are held at Tommy Anderson Park, and its fireworks display is held at Beach Park.
- During the last weekend in May or first weekend in June, Bobcaygeon hosts an "Unlock The Summer" Event, as a kick off for summer, and the first opening of the locks of the season.
- Bobcaygeon hosts the annual Ontario Open Fiddle & Stepdance Competition during the last weekend of July. The first was held in October 1970, as part of the annual Fall Fair. It became the Ontario Open Fiddle Contest in 1971, and became a separate event with a July event date in 1973. In 1974, with the addition of stepdancing to the contest, it became the "Ontario Open Fiddle & Stepdance Competition".
- The annual Bobcaygeon Fall Fair takes place during the last weekend of September. The first was held in 1858.
- Bobcaygeon hosts an annual cruisefest for classic and custom cars in the second week of September. The first was held in 1996.
- The Kawartha Settlers' Village in Bobcaygeon holds the town's annual Festival of Trees in the second week of November. The first was held in 1997.
- Sponsored by local churches & merchants, the annual Bobcaygeon House Tour takes place in mid-June, where six Bobcaygeon homes are toured, along with an art show at the Trinity United Church. The first was held in 1992.
- "2016 Census Profile". Retrieved 2017-06-07. Statistics Canada.
- "The Ontario Heritage Trust". Ontario Heritage Trust. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- The province of Ontario gazetteer and directory. H. McEvoy Editor and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869
- "Municipal Government for Victoria County: A New Beginning - Final Report and Order" (PDF). ODW Ontario Government Documents. 2000-04-19. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
- "2000 | Best Single | The Tragically Hip | The JUNO Awards". The JUNO Awards. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- Rellinger, Paul (2011-03-22). "Tragically Hip has summer date in Bobcaygeon | MyKawartha.com". MyKawartha.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Canadian reality series by Canadians for Canadians". Playback Online. 2001-07-09. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Canada Day Bobcaygeon". canadadaybobcaygeon.com. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Unlock the Summer". Bobcaygeon Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Bobcaygeon - Ontario Open Fiddle and Step Dance Contest". fiddlecontest.ca. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Bobcaygeon Fall Fair". Bobcaygeon Fall Fair. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Bobcaygeon Cruisefest". Bobcaygeon Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Kawartha Lakes Festival of Trees". kawarthalakesfestivaloftrees.org. Retrieved 2017-06-08.