Bhujia Hill

Bhujia Hill or Bhujiyo Dungar is a hill located in the outskirts of the town of Bhuj in the district of Kutch, Gujarat, India. The Bhujia Fort built on the hill overlooks the town.[1][2][3]

Bhujia Hill
Bhujiyo Dungar
Bhujang Naga Temple, Bhujia Hill, Bhuj, Kutch Gujarat.jpg
Bhujang Naga temple and the fort wall on the hill
Highest point
Elevation160 m (520 ft)
Coordinates23°14′47.58″N 69°41′26.67″E / 23.2465500°N 69.6907417°E / 23.2465500; 69.6907417Coordinates: 23°14′47.58″N 69°41′26.67″E / 23.2465500°N 69.6907417°E / 23.2465500; 69.6907417
Geography
Bhujia Hill is located in Gujarat
Bhujia Hill
Bhujia Hill
Location in Gujarat
LocationBhuj, Kutch district, Gujarat, India

EtymologyEdit

Legend of BhujangaEdit

According to the legend, Kutch was ruled by the Nāga chieftains in past. Sagai, a queen of Sheshapattana, allied with Bheria Kumar and rose up against Bhujanga, the last chieftain of Naga. After the battle, Bheria was defeated and Sagai committed sati. The hill where he lived later came to known as Bhujia Hill in Kutch and the town at the foothill as Bhuj. Bhujang was later worshiped by the people as snake god, Bhujanga, and a temple was constructed in his reverence.[1][2][4]

GeographyEdit

The hill is 160 metre high at one end.[4]

FortEdit

Bhujia Fort was constructed for the defense of the city by Jadeja Chiefs. Rao Godji I started the construction in 1715 which ended during the rule of Deshalji I in 1741. The fort has seen six major battles.

TemplesEdit

Bhujang TempleEdit

 
Bhujang, the deity of the temple

At one corner of the fort is a small square tower dedicated to 'Bhujang Nag' (snake god), who in folklore is said to have been the brother of 'Sheshnag' - Lord of the nether world ('Patal'). It is said He came from Than of Kathiawar and freed Kachchh from the oppression of demons known as 'daityas' and 'rakshasas'.

The Snake Temple was also built at the time of the fortification of the hill during Deshalji I's reign (1718–1740).[2][5][6] In a battle that was won with help of Naga Sadhus, who worship the Snake god, by Deshalji, the ruler of Kutch, also built a Chhatri over the temple in 1723. To commemorate this event, ever since, an annual fair is held on the fort-hill on the Nag Panchami day in Shraavana month in the Hindu calendar.[3][5]

ParkEdit

 
Smritivan

Smritivan, a memorial park and museum dedicated to victims of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake was built atop the hill. Total 13,805 trees dedicated to each victim were planted in the garden and 108 small water reservoirs were created on the hill.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Bhujia Fort". india9.com. 7 December 2005. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Bombay (India : State) (1880). Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Cutch, Palanpur, and Mahi Kantha. Printed at the Government Central Press. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Panoramio - Photo of View of Bhujia Fort on Bhujia Hill, Bhuj, Kachchh". panoramio.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b Ward (1 January 1998). Gujarat–Daman–Diu: A Travel Guide. Orient Longman Limited. pp. 316–317. ISBN 978-81-250-1383-9.
  5. ^ a b Webmaster of onlytravelguide.com (India) Ace Web Technologies. "Bhujia Hill Fort, Hill Fort of Bhujia, How to reach Bhujia Hill Fort, Bhujia Hill, Bhujia Forts, Bhujia Hill Fort travel, Historical Bhujia Forts in Gujarat". onlytravelguide.com. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  6. ^ India (Republic). Superintendent of Census Operations, Gujarat (1964). Kutch. Director, Government Print. and Stationery, Gujarat State. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
  7. ^ Ray, Joydeep (16 April 2004). "Gujarat to set up quake memorial in Bhuj". Business Standard.