Admiral Bengt Gustaf Gottfrid Lundvall (30 October 1915 – 30 November 2010) was a senior Swedish Navy officer. He was Chief of the Navy from 1970 to 1978.

Bengt Lundvall
Bengt Lundvall MM06085.jpg
Birth nameBengt Gustaf Gottfrid Lundvall
Born(1915-10-30)30 October 1915
Björkäng, Sweden
Died30 November 2010(2010-11-30) (aged 95)
Undenäs, Sweden
AllegianceSweden
Service/branchSwedish Navy
Years of service1938–1978
RankAdmiral
Commands heldHSwMS Älvsnabben
Vice Chief, Defence Staff
Chief of Staff, Eastern Military Area
Chief of the Navy

CareerEdit

Lundvall was born on 30 October 1915 in Björkäng parish, Töreboda Municipality, Sweden,[1], the son of the clerk Gottfrid Lundvall and his wife Elna (née Andersson). He passed studentexamen in Skövde in 1934[2] and graduated from the Royal Swedish Naval Academy in 1938. He was commissioned as a naval officer in the Swedish Navy the same year with the rank of acting sub-lieutenant (fänrik), after which he was promoted to sub-lieutenant (löjtnant) in 1940.[3] He trained for submarine duty and did submarine service during the World War II's neutrality guard and a few years after the end of the war. He also specialized in connection, radio, radar and combat control.[4] He completed the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College general course and staff course from 1944 to 1946. He also passed the signal officer course at the Submarine School.[2] Lundvall was promoted to lieutenant (kapten) in 1946 and attended the Royal Navy's signal and radar school from 1946 to 1947.[2][5] He was captain and division commander of submarines and was promoted to commander of the 2nd rank in 1954 and of the first rank in 1957. Lundwall was captain of the minelayer HSwMS Älvsnabben in 1957 and 1958 during which the ship transported expeditions to the Swedish station Kinnvika on Svalbard during the International Polar Year.[6]

He also served in the staff of the Chief of the Coastal Fleet and was adjutant of the commanding officer of the Submarine Department and was head of the Communications and Planning Department in the Naval Staff as well as head of the Planning Department in the Defence Staff.[2] Lundvall was promoted to captain in 1961 and was appointed head in the Operations Management in the Defence Staff.[2] He was vice chief of the Defence Staff from 1964 to 1966 when he was promoted to rear admiral.[5] Lundvall was then chief of the staff of the Eastern Military Area (Milo Ö) from 1966 to 1970 and was promoted to vice admiral in 1970. Lundvall was Chief of the Navy from 1970 to 1978 and was promoted to full admiral upon retirement.[7]

In June 1975 Lundvall invited, after consultation with the Chief of Naval Operations in the United States, admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, and the First Sea Lord in the United Kingdom, admiral Sir Edward Ashmore, to the North Atlantic Seapower Symposium in Saltsjöbaden. Lundvall's intention was, among other things, that the naval chiefs of the East and West would meet each other for the first time since the end of World War II to discuss marine issues and thus increase stability in the areas around the North Atlantic. During a week, naval chiefs from the United States (admiral James L. Holloway III), United Kingdom (admiral Ashmore), Canada, Iceland, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Norway, Denmark, Finland, West Germany, East Germany and Poland participated. From the Soviet Union, Admiral Amelko, who was the naval commander Leningrad, was a substitute for admiral Gorshkov who was unable to attend. The meeting became a veritable success and was repeated in the summer of 1978 in Finland.[8]

Post retirementEdit

After his active military career, Lundvall took the initiative for a polar expedition in memory of Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld's expedition through the Northeast Passage with the ship SS Vega 1878-1880. Lundvall served as chief operating officer for the expedition that was carried out by the icebreaker Ymer during the summer of 1980.[9] He also took the initiative to form the foundation Ymer-80 in order to support young researchers and was its chairman for 10 years.[10]

In 1998, it was revealed in the newspaper Svenska Dagbladet that during the Cold War, Lundvall as Chief of the Navy would leave Sweden for the United Kingdom to establish a Swedish war time headquarters in case of a Soviet invasion of Sweden.[11] From there, he would, in close cooperation with the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces back in Sweden, coordinate the warfare with support from the west, mainly from the NATO countries United Kingdom and the United States.[11] If the defense management in Sweden failed, he would take over the highest Swedish command and lead the battle on Swedish soil with regular units. In a situation where the Swedish defence failed and Sweden became occupied, it was the Chief of the Navy's task to start the resistance. The Chief of the Navy's mission was so secret that it was never written down on paper, nor did Lundvall ever mentioned this to his wife or his son who also was an naval officer. This mission was confirmed by both Lundvall himself and the former Supreme Commander Stig Synnergren.[11]

Other workEdit

Lundvall was military expert in the Airport Committee in 1956 and the 1960 and the 1962 Defense Committee. He was also an naval contributor to the Svenska Dagbladet from 1957 to 1964.[7] Lundvall became a member of the Royal Swedish Society of Naval Sciences in 1954 (honorary member in 1970[7]) and of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences in 1963.[5] He was chairman of the Royal Swedish Society of Naval Sciences from 1970 to 1978[12] and president of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences from 1973 to 1975.[10]

He was inspector of the association UppSjö from 1970 to 1978[13] and was board member of Saléninvest AB from 1976 to 1982 and chairman of the foundation Ymer 80 from 1979 to 2000.[14] Lundvall had a strong feeling for his home district[10] and was a board member of AB Göta kanalbolag from 1978 to 1984[15] and after his retirement improved the so-called Kanalvillan (the Canal Villa) in Forsvik, which became his home.[10]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1941 he married Karin Rydnäs (born 1920), the daughter of the merchant Johannes Rydnäs and Ida Spjuth.[5] He was the father of Thomas (born 1943), Ylva (born 1945) and Boel (born 1949).[2]

Lundvall died on 30 November 2010 in Undenäs parish, Karlsborg Municipality.[1]

Dates of rankEdit

  • 1938 – Acting sub-lieutenant (Fänrik)
  • 1940 – Sub-lieutenant (Löjtnant)
  • 1946 – Lieutenant (Kapten)
  • 1954 – Commander of the 2nd rank (Kommendörkapten 2:a graden)
  • 1957 – Commander of the 1st rank (Kommendörkapten 1:a graden)
  • 1961 – Captain (Kommendör)
  • 1966 – Rear admiral
  • 1970 – Vice admiral
  • 1978 – Admiral

Awards and decorationsEdit

  • Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Sword (6 June 1972)[16]
  • Royal Swedish Society of Naval Sciences' honorary shield (1980)[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Sveriges dödbok 1901-2013 [Swedish death index 1901-2013] (in Swedish) (Version 6.0 ed.). Solna: Sveriges släktforskarförbund. 2014. ISBN 978-91-87676-64-2. LIBRIS 17007456.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Harnesk, Paul, ed. (1962). Vem är vem? 1, Stor-Stockholm [Who is who? 1, Greater Stockholm] (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Vem är vem. p. 869.
  3. ^ Kjellander, Rune (2007). Svenska marinens högre chefer 1700-2005: chefsbiografier och befattningsöversikter samt Kungl Örlogsmannasällskapets ämbetsmän och ledamöter 1771-2005 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Probus. p. 118. ISBN 978-91-87184-83-3. LIBRIS 10452099.
  4. ^ Schuback, Bengt (2011). "Minnesteckningar för år 2011" (PDF). Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (in Swedish). Carlskrona: Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (5): 406. LIBRIS 8258455.
  5. ^ a b c d Lagerström, Sten, ed. (1968). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1969 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1969] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 626.
  6. ^ Melander, Olle (2010). "En av sekretariatets vänner är borta" [One of the secretariat's friends are gone] (PDF). Polaraktualiteter: Polarforskningssekretariatet informerar (in Swedish). Stockholm: Polarforskningssekretariatet, Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien (166): 1. ISSN 1101-9514. LIBRIS 8207505.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b c Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1985 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1985] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. 1984. p. 730. ISBN 91-1-843222-0.
  8. ^ Holmberg, Cay (2008). "CHENS och NACGF bör samordnas" [CHENS and NACGF should be coordinated] (PDF). Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (in Swedish). Carlskrona: Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (1): 93. LIBRIS 8258455.
  9. ^ Fischerström, Staffan (1997). Isbrytare: med statens isbrytare under 80 år (in Swedish). Falkenberg: Marinlitteratur. p. 196. ISBN 91-970700-9-2. LIBRIS 7792232.
  10. ^ a b c d Herolf, Gunilla (2011). "Minnesord över bortgångna ledamöter" [Remembrance of deceased members] (PDF). Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademiens handlingar och tidskrift (in Swedish). Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien (4): 9. LIBRIS 3417415.
  11. ^ a b c TT (22 March 1998). "Marinchef i exil skulle försvara Sverige" [Navy Chief in exile would defend Sweden]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Stockholm. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  12. ^ Kjellander, Rune (2007). Svenska marinens högre chefer 1700-2005: chefsbiografier och befattningsöversikter samt Kungl Örlogsmannasällskapets ämbetsmän och ledamöter 1771-2005 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Probus. p. 118. ISBN 978-91-87184-83-3. LIBRIS 10452099.
  13. ^ Rutqvist, Jan O, ed. (1988). Uppsjö jubileumskrönika 1968-1988 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Grafisk Kontakt AB. p. 68.
  14. ^ Moen, Ann, ed. (2006). Vem är det 2007: svensk biografisk handbok (in Swedish). Malmö: Nationalencyklopedin. p. 390. ISBN 919751327X. LIBRIS 10171521.
  15. ^ Uddling, Hans; Paabo, Katrin, eds. (1992). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1993 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1993] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 724. ISBN 91-1-914072-X.
  16. ^ Kungl. Hovstaterna: Kungl. Maj:ts Ordens arkiv, Matriklar (D 1), vol. 14 (1970–1979), p. 22, digital imaging.
  17. ^ Granath, Bo (1980). "Övriga belöningar" (PDF). Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (in Swedish). Carlskrona: Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (4): 150. LIBRIS 8258455.
Military offices
Preceded by
Dag Arvas
Vice chief of the Defence Staff
1964–1966
Succeeded by
Bo Westin
Preceded by
Karl-Gösta Lundmark
Chief of Staff of the Eastern Military Area
1966–1970
Succeeded by
Hans Neij
Preceded by
Åke Lindemalm
Chief of the Navy
1970–1978
Succeeded by
Per Rudberg
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
Åke Lindemalm
Chairman of the Royal Swedish Society of Naval Sciences
1970–1978
Succeeded by
Bengt Rasin