Beggars Banquet is the seventh British and ninth American studio album by English rock band The Rolling Stones. It was released in December 1968 by Decca Records in the United Kingdom and London Records in the United States. The album marked a change in direction for the band following the psychedelic pop of their previous two albums, Between the Buttons and Their Satanic Majesties Request. Styles such as roots rock and a return to the blues rock sound that had marked early Stones recordings dominate the record, and the album is among the most instrumentally experimental of the band's career, as they infuse Latin beats and instruments like the claves alongside South Asian sounds from the tanpura, tabla and shehnai and African-influenced conga rhythms. Its release marks the beginning of the most critically acclaimed period of the Rolling Stones' career.
Original LP cover
|Studio album by|
|Released||6 December 1968|
|Recorded||17 March – 25 July 1968|
|Studio||Olympic Sound Studios, London; Sunset Sound, Los Angeles|
|The Rolling Stones chronology|
The "toilet" cover, rejected for the original LP but used on CD reissues
|Singles from Beggars Banquet|
Brian Jones, the band's founder and early leader, had become increasingly unreliable in the studio due to his drug use, and it was the last Rolling Stones album to be released during his lifetime, though he also contributed to two songs on their next album Let It Bleed, which was released after his death. Because Jones had all but abandoned the guitar as an instrument, nearly all rhythm and lead guitar parts were recorded by Keith Richards, the band's other guitarist and primary songwriting partner of the band's lead singer Mick Jagger; together the two wrote all but one of the tracks on the album. Rounding out the instrumentation were bassist Bill Wyman and drummer Charlie Watts, though all members contributed on a variety of instruments. As with most albums of the period, frequent collaborator Nicky Hopkins played piano on many of the tracks. The album was the first Rolling Stones album produced by Jimmy Miller, whose production work formed a key aspect of the Rolling Stones sound throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Beggars Banquet was a top-ten album in many markets, including the US (number 5) and their native UK (number 3), and has frequently been ranked highly on many retrospective "great albums" lists. While the album lacked a "hit single" at the time of its release, songs such as "Sympathy for the Devil" (number 9 UK, number 55 US) and "Street Fighting Man" (number 48 US, number 21 UK on the 1971 re-release) became rock radio staples for decades to come.
Recording and productionEdit
Glyn Johns, the album's recording engineer and longtime collaborator of the band, said that Beggars Banquet signaled "the Rolling Stones' coming of age ... I think that the material was far better than anything they'd ever done before. The whole mood of the record was far stronger to me musically." Producer Jimmy Miller described guitarist Keith Richards as "a real workhorse" while recording the album, mostly due to the infrequent presence of Brian Jones. When he did show up at the sessions, Jones behaved erratically due to his drug use and emotional problems. Miller said that Jones would "show up occasionally when he was in the mood to play, and he could never really be relied on:
When he would show up at a session—let's say he had just bought a sitar that day, he'd feel like playing it, so he'd look in his calendar to see if the Stones were in. Now he may have missed the previous four sessions. We'd be doing let's say, a blues thing. He'd walk in with a sitar, which was totally irrelevant to what we were doing, and want to play it. I used to try to accommodate him. I would isolate him, put him in a booth and not record him onto any track that we really needed. And the others, particularly Mick and Keith, would often say to me, 'Just tell him to piss off and get the hell out of here'.
Jones played sitar and tanpura on "Street Fighting Man", slide guitar on "No Expectations" and "Jigsaw Puzzle", harmonica on "Parachute Woman", "Dear Doctor" and "Prodigal Son", and Mellotron on "Jigsaw Puzzle" and "Stray Cat Blues".. In a television interview Jagger recalled that Brian's slide guitar performance on "No Expectations" was the last time he contributed something with care. Other than Jones, the principle band members appeared extensively, with Keith Richards providing nearly all of the lead and rhythm guitar work, as well as playing bass on two others, in the place of Bill Wyman, who appears on the rest. Drummer Charlie Watts plays the drum kit on all but two tracks, as well as other percussion on the tracks that do not feature a full drum kit. Additional parts were played by keyboardist and frequent Stones collaborator Nicky Hopkins and percussionist Rocky Dijon, among others.
The basic track of "Street Fighting Man" was recorded on an early Philips cassette deck at London's Olympic Sound Studios, where Richards played a Gibson Hummingbird acoustic guitar, and Charlie Watts played on an antique, portable practice drum kit. Richards and Mick Jagger were mistakenly credited as writers on "Prodigal Son", a cover of Robert Wilkins's Biblical blues song.
Title and packagingEdit
According to Keith Richards, the album's title was thought up by British art dealer Christopher Gibbs. On 7 June 1968, a photoshoot for the album's gatefold, with photographer Michael Joseph, was held at Sarum Chase, a mansion in Hampstead, London. Previously unseen images from the shoot were exhibited at the Blink Gallery in London in November and December 2008. The album's original cover art, depicting a bathroom wall covered with graffiti, was rejected by the band's record company, and their unsuccessful dispute delayed the album's release for months. The "toilet" cover was later featured on most compact disc reissues.
Release and promotionEdit
Beggars Banquet was first released in the United Kingdom by Decca Records on 6 December 1968, and in the United States by London Records the following day. Like the band's previous album, it reached number three on the British albums chart, but remained on the chart for less weeks. The album peaked at number five on the American chart.
On 11–12 December 1968 the band filmed a television extravaganza titled The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus featuring John Lennon, Eric Clapton, The Who, Jethro Tull and Marianne Faithfull among the musical guests. One of the original aims of the project was to promote Beggars Banquet, but the film was shelved by the Rolling Stones until 1996, when their former manager, Allen Klein, gave it an official release.
Beggars Banquet received a highly favourable response from music critics, who considered it a return to form for the Stones. Author Stephen Davis writes of its impact: "[The album was] a sharp reflection of the convulsive psychic currents coursing through the Western world. Nothing else captured the youthful spirit of Europe in 1968 like Beggar's Banquet."
According to music journalist Anthony DeCurtis, the "political correctness" of "Street Fighting Man", particularly the lyrics "What can a poor boy do/'Cept sing in a rock and roll band", sparked intense debate in the underground media. In the description of author and critic Ian MacDonald, French director Jean-Luc Godard's filming of the sessions for "Sympathy for the Devil" contributed to the band's image as "Left Bank heroes of the European Maoist underground", with the song's "Luciferian iconoclasm" interpreted as a political message.
Time magazine described the Stones as "England's most subversive roisterers since Fagin's gang in Oliver Twist" and added: "In keeping with a widespread mood in the pop world, Beggars Banquet turns back to the raw vitality of Negro R&B and the authentic simplicity of country music." Jann Wenner of Rolling Stone considered that the band's regeneration marked the return of rock'n'roll, while the Chicago Sun-Times declared: "The Stones have unleashed their rawest, rudest, most arrogant, most savage record yet. And it's beautiful."
Less impressed, the writer of Melody Maker's initial review dismissed Beggars Banquet as "mediocre" and said that, since "The Stones are Mick Jagger", it was only the singer's "remarkable recording presence that makes this LP". Geoffrey Cannon of The Guardian found that the album "demonstrates [the group's] primal power at its greatest strength" and wrote admiringly of Jagger's ability to fully engage the listener on "Sympathy for the Devil", saying: "We feel horror because, at full volume, he makes us ride his carrier wave with him, experience his sensations, and awaken us to ours." In his ballot for Jazz & Pop magazine's annual critics poll, Robert Christgau ranked it as the third best album of the year, and "Salt of the Earth" the best pop song of the year.
|Retrospective professional reviews|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Great Rock Discography||10/10|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
In a retrospective review for Wondering Sound, Ben Fong-Torres called Beggars Banquet "an album flush with masterful and growling instant classics", and said that it "responds more to the chaos of '68 and to themselves than to any fellow artists ... the mood is one of dissolution and resignation, in the guise of a voice of an ambivalent authority." Colin Larkin, in his Encyclopedia of Popular Music (2006), viewed the album as "a return to strength" which included "the socio-political 'Street Fighting Man' and the brilliantly macabre 'Sympathy for the Devil', in which Jagger's seductive vocal was backed by hypnotic Afro-rhythms and dervish yelps". Writing for MusicHound in 1999, Greg Kot opined that the same two songs were the "weakest cuts", adding: "Otherwise, the disc is a tour de force of acoustic-tinged savagery and slumming sexuality, particularly the gleefully flippant 'Stray Cat Blues.'" Larry Katz from the Boston Herald called Beggars Banquet "both a return to basics and leap forward".
In his 1997 review for Rolling Stone, DeCurtis said the album was "filled with distinctive and original touches", and remarked on its legacy: "For the album, the Stones had gone to great lengths to toughen their sound and banish the haze of psychedelia, and in doing so, they launched a five-year period in which they would produce their very greatest records." Author Martin C. Strong similarly considers Beggars Banquet to be the first album in the band's "staggering burst of creativity" over 1968–72 that ultimately comprised four of the best rock albums of all time. Writing in 2007, Daryl Easlea of BBC Music said that, although in places it fails to maintain the quality of its opening song, Beggars Banquet was the album where the Rolling Stones gained their enduring status as "the Greatest Rock 'n' Roll Band in the World".
The album was included in the "Basic Record Library" of 1950s and 1960s recordings published in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981). In 2003, it was ranked at number 58 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. In the same year, the TV network VH1 named Beggars Banquet the 67th greatest album of all time. The album is also featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
In August 2002, ABKCO Records reissued Beggars Banquet as a newly remastered LP and SACD/CD hybrid disk. This release corrected an important flaw in the original album by restoring each song to its proper, slightly faster speed. Due to an error in the mastering, Beggars Banquet was heard for over thirty years at a slower speed than it was recorded. This had the effect of altering not only the tempo of each song, but the song's key as well. These differences were subtle but important, and the remastered version is about 30 seconds shorter than the original release.
Also in 2002 the Russian label CD-Maximum unofficially released the limited edition Beggars Banquet + 7 Bonus, which was also bootleged on a German counterfeit-DECCA label as Beggars Banquet (the Mono Beggars).
On 28 May 2013 ABKCO Records reissued the LP on vinyl.
In 2018, the album was reissued for its 50th anniversary.
|1.||"Sympathy for the Devil"||6:18|
|1.||"Street Fighting Man"||3:16|
|3.||"Stray Cat Blues"||4:38|
|5.||"Salt of the Earth"||4:48|
The Rolling Stones
- Mick Jagger – lead vocals (all tracks), backing vocals ("Dear Doctor"), harmonica ("Parachute Woman"), maracas ("Street Fighting Man", "Stray Cat Blues")
- Keith Richards – electric guitars, acoustic guitars, slide guitar ("Salt of the Earth"), bass guitar ("Sympathy for the Devil", "Street Fighting Man", "Stray Cat Blues"), backing vocals ("Sympathy for the Devil", "Dear Doctor", "Salt of the Earth"), opening lead vocals ("Salt of the Earth")
- Brian Jones – slide guitar ("No Expectations", "Jigsaw Puzzle", "Stray Cat Blues"), harmonica ("Dear Doctor", "Parachute Woman", "Prodigal Man"), Mellotron ("Jigsaw Puzzle", "Stray Cat Blues"), sitar ("Street Fighting Man"), tambura ("Street Fighting Man"), backing vocals ("Sympathy for the Devil")
- Bill Wyman – bass guitar, double bass ("Dear Doctor"), backing vocals ("Sympathy for the Devil"), shekere ("Sympathy for the Devil"), maracas ("Sympathy for the Devil")
- Charlie Watts – drums, claves ("No Expectations"), tambourine ("Dear Doctor"), tabla ("Factory Girl")
- Nicky Hopkins – piano ("Sympathy for the Devil", "No Expectations", "Dear Doctor", "Jigsaw Puzzle", "Street Fighting Man", "Stray Cat Blues", "Salt of the Earth"), Mellotron ("Factory Girl")
- Rocky Dzidzornu – congas ("Sympathy for the Devil", "Stray Cat Blues", "Factory Girl")
- Ric Grech – fiddle ("Factory Girl")
- Dave Mason – guitar ("Dear Doctor"), shehnai ("Street Fighting Man"), mandolin ("Factory Girl")
- Jimmy Miller – backing vocals ("Sympathy for the Devil")
- Watts Street Gospel Choir – backing vocals ("Salt of the Earth")
- Anita Pallenberg, Marianne Faithfull – backing vocals ("Sympathy for the Devil")
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||3|
|Canada Top Albums/CDs (RPM)||3|
|German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||8|
|Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)||2|
|UK Albums (OCC)||3|
|US Billboard 200||5|
|Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)||43|
|French Albums (SNEP)||197|
|1968||"Street Fighting Man"||Billboard Hot 100||48|
|1971||UK Singles (OCC)||62|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Gold||50,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
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