Bedales School is a co-educational, boarding and day independent school in the village of Steep, near the market town of Petersfield in Hampshire, England. It was founded in 1893 by John Haden Badley in reaction to the limitations of conventional Victorian schools. Bedales is one of the most expensive public schools in the UK. For the school year 2015/2016, boarders' fees were £11,799 per term, a similar figure to that charged by Harrow (£11,095) or Eton (£11,090).
The Bedales School logo
boarding and day school
|Motto||Work of Each for Weal of All|
|Founder||John Haden Badley|
|Department for Education URN||116527 Tables|
|Age||13 to 18|
|Former pupils||Old Bedalians|
Bedales is renowned for its eccentricity, liberal ethos, relaxed attitude, fashionable parents and famous alumni. The Tatler Schools Guide used to cite Bedales as "a bohemian idyll with bite", and The Good Schools Guide states that, although the school is "less distinctive than in the past", it is "still good for 'individuals', articulate nonconformists, and people who admire such qualities".
Since 1900 the school has been on an 120-acre (0.49 km2) estate in the village of Steep, near Petersfield, Hampshire. As well as playing fields, orchards, woodland, pasture and a nature reserve, the campus also boasts two Grade 1 listed arts and crafts buildings designed by Ernest Gimson, the Lupton Hall (completed in 1911) and the Memorial Library (1921), and three contemporary award-winning buildings: the Olivier Theatre (1997) designed by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios, the Orchard Building (2005) by Walters & Cohen and the Art and Design Building (2017) also by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios.
The school was started in 1893 by John H Badley and Oswald B Powell after they had been introduced to each other by Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, whom they both knew from their Cambridge days. Their wives, Amy Badley and Winifred Powell were an essential part of the team. A house called Bedales was rented just outside Lindfield, near Haywards Heath. In 1899 Badley and Powell (the latter borrowing heavily from his father, the Vicar of Bisham) purchased a country estate near Steep and constructed a purpose-built school, including state of the art electric light, which opened in 1900. The site has been extensively developed over the past century, including the relocation of a number of historic vernacular timber frame barns. A preparatory school, Dunhurst, was started in 1902 on Montessori principles (and was visited in 1919 by Dr Montessori herself), and a primary school, Dunnannie, was added in the 1950s.
Badley took a non-denominational approach to religion and the school has never had a chapel: its relatively secular teaching made it attractive in its early days to non-conformists, agnostics, Quakers, Unitarians and liberal Jews, who formed a significant element of its early intake. The school was also well known and popular in some Cambridge and Fabian intellectual circles with connections to the Wedgwoods, Darwins, Huxleys, and Trevelyans. Books such as A quoi tient la supériorité des Anglo-Saxons? and L'Education nouvelle popularised the school on the Continent, leading to a cosmopolitan intake of Russian and other European children in the 1920s.
Bedales was originally a small and intimate school: the 1900 buildings were designed for 150 pupils. Under a necessary programme of expansion and modernisation in the 1960s and 1970s under the headmastership of Tim Slack, the senior school grew from 240 pupils in 1966 to 340, thereafter increasing to some 465.
In the first half of the 20th century the progressive movement around Bedales attracted a community of artists, craftsmen and writers to live in Steep. Edward Thomas, a poet killed in World War I – and his wife moved there in 1911. In the early 1920s Stanley Spencer made a number of drawings and paintings of activities at the school while staying with Muirhead Bone. Other important artistic connections include Edward Barnsley, Ernest Gimson, Ivon Hitchens, Alfred Hoare Powell, Flora Twort and Arnold Dolmetsch.
With the more liberal society of the 1960s, the coeducational liberal arts ethos of the school became extremely fashionable, attracting many literary and artistic parents as well as minor British and European royalty.
Bedales has educated boys and girls together since 1898. The school's particular emphasis on arts, crafts and drama can be seen as a direct and deliberate legacy of this early co-education theory, as explained by one of the school's most influential masters, Geoffrey Crump, in his book Bedales Since the War (1936):
- "It is not enough to preach self control to a girl of fifteen who is just beginning to realise her power over the other sex, or to a boy of seventeen who is seriously disturbed by a girl of his own age. They don't want to be self-controlled. But one of the most valuable things that psychology has taught us is the importance of sublimation, and here is our chance. Adolescence is a time when it is natural to be active, and it is also an awakening to the power of beauty, beauty of all kinds – in colour form, movement, sound and spiritual aspiration. The boy and girl see these first in their human counterparts, and if left to themselves will hardly look anywhere else. But it is now that they are ready for the beauty of poetry, music, painting, drawing, and above all the earth around them, and these they must be given without stint ... The tendency of modern civilisation is to hurry on the awakening of sexual consciousness – a fact that is much to be deplored, and that makes the tasks of all schoolmasters and schoolmistresses far more difficult. Children now see erotic films and posters and read erotic books at an age when we had not thought about such things. They hear erotic dance-music, with its imbecile sentimental words, wherever they go. The attitude of a city-bred boy of fourteen to a city-bred girl of fourteen is quite different from what it was ten years ago."
The early Bedalian curriculum provided sound coverage of English and modern languages, science and design, while gardening, crafts, drama and nature walks also took place. Academic standards in the early years oscillated through many phases of experimental syllabus.
In September 2006 Bedales introduced 'Bedales Assessed Courses' (BACs), devised 'to move away from the constraints of too many externally examined courses, and to win back the freedom necessary to reflect the school's creative ethos, and its emphasis on the individual, in our teaching and learning'. Students in Blocks 4 and 5 (Years 10 and 11) combine five or seven GCSEs – English Language, Mathematics and a Modern Language GCSE, as well as IGCSE Double Award Science, are compulsory for all students in these years – with two or three BACs. Twelve BACs are offered: Ancient Civilizations, Geography, Global Awareness, PRE (Philosophy, Religion and Ethics), English Literature, History, Art, Design, Dance, Classical Music, Theatre Arts and Outdoor Work.
Outdoor Work is a unique aspect of the Bedales curriculum. As well as being a BAC, it can be taken as an alternative to games. It involves a myriad of activities focused on maintaining the school's estate, including 'building barns, making a pond and creating natural sculptures' as well as opportunities to 'make jam or chutney, plant trees and to undertake gardening and livestock management tasks'. There is also a weekly opportunity to bake bread in the traditional wood-fired bread oven.
The musical and artistic focus of its curriculum has produced alumni who include successful instrumentalists, artists, designers, photographers, actors and singers.
The term 'Bedales Schools' incorporates Bedales itself (for ages 13–18), as well as Dunhurst (7–13) and Dunnannie (3–7). Since September 2018, Magnus Bashaarat holds the title of 'Head of Bedales Schools', although each of the junior schools has a separate Head as well. His role involves overseeing management and directing the long-term future and ethos of the school.
Bedales (senior) School also has a Senior Deputy (Operational and Pastoral), Louise Wilson (BA, PGCE London (King's College), MA Bath); a Deputy Head (Academic), Rick Cross (MA Edinburgh; MA King's; PGCE London; NPQSL Cambridge); a Deputy Head (Co-curricular), Phil Tattersall-King (BA London (Royal Holloway); MPhil Birmingham; PGCE Warwick); a Deputy Head (Staff), Ed Mason (MA Oxford (Trinity); MA Open University; QTS Canterbury Christ Church; MSt Cambridge (Wolfson)); and a Director of Learning and Innovation, Alistair McConville (MA Cambridge (Fitzwilliam); PGCE Gloucester).
- 1893–1935 John Haden Badley
- 1936–1946 Frederick Alfred Meier
- 1946–1962 Hector Beaumont Jacks
- 1962–1974 Tim Slack
- 1974–1981 Patrick Nobes
- 1981–1992 Euan MacAlpine
- 1992–1994 Ian Newton
- 1994–2001 Alison Willcocks
- 2001–2018 Keith Budge
- 2018- Magnus Bashaarat
- Ben Adams (born 1981), singer/songwriter
- Margaret Allan (1909–1998), racing driver and journalist
- Lily Allen (born 1985), singer
- Marjory Allen, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and child welfare promoter
- Kirstie Allsopp (born 1971), TV presenter best known for presenting Channel 4 property programme, Location, Location, Location
- Simon Anholt (born c.1961), independent policy advisor, author and researcher; pioneer of the concept of 'nation branding'
- Diana Armfield RA (born 1920), artist and Royal Academician
- David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon (born 1961), cabinet-maker, son of Princess Margaret
- Tom Arnold (born 1947), politician
- Grace Barnsley (1896–1975), pottery decorator
- Jacques Benoist-Méchin (1901–1983), French intellectual, writer, political figure, sentenced to death for collaboration, sentence later commuted
- Ferenc Békássy (1893–1915), Hungarian poet
- Hugh Hale Bellot FRHS (1890–1969), Professor of American History and Vice-Chancellor of the University of London (1951–53)
- Sebastian Bergne (born 1966), industrial designer
- Robert Dudley Best (1892–1984), lighting designer and manufacturer; author of Frank's Great War, with two chapters on Bedales in the early 1900s, and two books on the design industry in the 19th and mid-20th centuries
- Dame Helen Blaxland (1907–1989), writer
- Remy Blumenfeld (born 1965), TV producer and entrepreneur
- Stephen Bone (1904–1958), artist
- Sadie Bonnell (1888–1993), World War I First Aid Nursing Yeomanry ambulance driver, and first woman to win the Military Medal
- Michael Harris Caine (1927–1999), businessman
- Jamie Campbell Bower (born 1988), actor, singer
- Gyles Brandreth (born 1948), journalist, television presenter and former Conservative MP (City of Chester)
- William Bridges-Adams (1889–1965), theatre director, and Director, Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, 1919–1934
- Jocelyn Brooke (1908–1966), writer and naturalist
- Jeremy Browne (born 1970), Liberal Democrat MP for Taunton Deane
- Selina Cadell (born 1953), actress
- Simon Cadell (1950–1996), actor
- Vice-Admiral Alfred Carpenter (1881–1955), World War I Victoria Cross recipient
- Charles Cecil, videogame designer
- Pat Chapman (born 1940), founder of The Curry Club, author 36 books and broadcaster
- Clancy Chassay, journalist, 1993–1996
- Lady Sarah Chatto (born 1964), daughter of Princess Margaret
- Ruth Collet (1909–2001), artist
- Sir Laurence Collier (1890–1976), Ambassador to Norway, 1939–1950
- Tom Conway (1904–1967), actor
- Esme Creed-Miles (born 2000), actress
- Sophie Dahl (born 1977), model, author and chef
- Henry Danowski (born 1984), musician
- Daniel Day-Lewis (born 1957), Oscar-winning actor
- Tamasin Day-Lewis
- Cara Delevingne (born 1992), model
- Poppy Delevingne, model
- Alice Dellal (born 1987), model
- Minnie Driver (born 1970), actress
- Yolande Du Bois (1900–1961), teacher and activist
- Peter Eckersley (1892–1963), broadcasting engineer, and Chief Engineer, BBC, 1923–1929
- Thomas Eckersley (1886–1959), theoretical physicist and electrical engineer
- Alice Eve (born 1982), actress
- Johnny Flynn, folk musician (with his band The Sussex Wit)
- Alys Fowler (born 1978), author and gardener, former Gardener's World presenter
- Margaret Gardiner (1904–2005), artist and philanthropist
- Rolf Gardiner (1902–1971), ecological campaigner, youth leader and Nazi sympathiser
- Fiona Godlee (born 1961), physician and editor
- Tabitha Goldstaub (born 1985), co-founder of CognitionX
- Lady Naomi Gordon-Lennox (born 1962), actress (known as Nimmy March)
- Tomás Graves (born 1953), son of Robert Graves, writer, musician and designer
- Barbara Greg (1900–1983), artist
- Battiscombe Gunn (1883–1950), Professor of Egyptology, University of Oxford, 1934–1950
- Allan Gwynne-Jones (1892–1982), painter
- Marika Hackman (born 1991), singer, songwriter
- Christopher Hall (born 1957), producer
- Peter Hall, London-based Australian financier and animal welfare philanthropist
- John Pennington Harman (1914–1944), World War II Victoria Cross recipient
- Rebecca Harris (born 1967), Conservative MP for Castle Point since 2010
- Vivian Beynon Harris (1906–1987), English writer
- Douglas Hartree (1897–1958), Professor of Applied Mathematics, University of Manchester, 1929–1937; Professor of Theoretical Physics, University of Manchester, 1937–1945, and Professor of Mathematical Physics, University of Cambridge, 1946–1958
- Robin Hill (1899–1991), plant biochemist
- Ivon Hitchens (1893–1979), painter
- John Hitchens (born 1940), painter
- Frieda Hughes (born 1960), poet and artist
- Edward Impey (born 1962), British historian, archaeologist, and museum curator; since October 2013, Master of the Armouries and Director General of the Royal Armouries
- Anna Keay, (born 1974), architectural historian, author, television personality and Director of The Landmark Trust
- Michael Kidner (born 1917–2009), op artist
- John Layard (1891–1974), anthropologist and psychologist
- Richard Leacock (born 1921), documentary film director
- Lydia Leonard (born 1981), actress
- Alan Jay Lerner (1918–1986), lyricist
- Richard Livsey, Baron Livsey of Talgarth (1935–2010), politician
- Roger Lloyd-Pack (1944–2014), actor ("Trigger" in Only Fools and Horses)
- Tom Lodge (1936–2012), author and radio broadcaster
- Geoffrey Lupton, Arts and Crafts
- Malcolm MacDonald (1901–1981), Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, 1935–1939, Minister of Health, 1940–1941, [High Commissioner to Canada, 1941–1946, Governor-General of Malaya, 1946–1955, High Commissioner to India, 1955–1960, Governor of Kenya, 1963–1964, and High Commissioner to Kenya, 1964–1965
- Joan Malleson (1899–1956), physician
- Jane Mayer (born 1955), American journalist and writer (attended Bedales as exchange student, 1972–73)
- Mary Medd (née Crowley) (1907–2005), architect
- Charlie Muirhead (born 1975), British Internet entrepreneur, currently co-founder and CEO of CognitionX (attended Bedales, 1988–93)
- Nina Murdoch (born 1970), painter
- Edward Murphy (born 1921), first-class cricketer, son of J. T. Murphy
- Paul Nizan (born 1905), philosopher
- Bas Pease (1922–2004), physicist
- Gervase de Peyer (born 1926), clarinetist
- Barnaby Phillips, Al-Jazeera correspondent (formerly BBC West Africa Correspondent & Southern Africa Correspondent)
- Ben Polak, Provost of Yale University
- Roger Powell (1896–1990), bookbinder
- Frances Partridge (1900–2004), writer and diarist
- Luke Pritchard, lead singer of The Kooks
- Lettice Ramsey (1898–1985), psychologist and photographer (Ramsey and Muspratt, Cambridge)
- Sarah Raphael (1960–2001), painter
- Jacques Raverat, painter associated with the Bloomsbury Group and Rupert Brooke
- Dorothy Rayner (1912–2003), distinguished palaeontologist and pioneer woman academic geologist
- Sir Frank Roberts (1907–1998), Minister Plenipotentiary to the Soviet Union, 1945–1947, Private Secretary to Ernest Bevin, 1947–1949, Ambassador to Yugoslavia, 1954–1957, Ambassador to NATO, 1957–1960, Ambassador to the Soviet Union, 1960–1962, and Ambassador to West Germany] 1963–1968
- Eric M. Rogers (1902–1990), physicist
- Sir John Rothenstein (1901–1992), art historian, and Director, Tate Gallery, 1938–1964
- Teresa Rothschild (1915–1996), counter-intelligence officer and magistrate
- Raphael Salaman (1906–1993), engineer and tool collector
- Samuel Isidore Salmon (1900–1980), chairman of J. Lyons and Co., member of Members of the Greater London Council
- George Sanders (1906–1972), actor, winner of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor 1950 for All About Eve
- Emma Samms (born 1960), actress
- Sir Selwyn Selwyn-Clarke (1893–1976), Director of Medical Services, Hong Kong, 1937–1943, and Governor of the Seychelles, 1947–1951
- Mary Ann Sieghart, journalist and radio presenter
- Arthur Snell, (born 1975), British High Commissioner to Trinidad and Tobago, 2011–2014
- Alix Strachey (1892–1973), translator of Sigmund Freud's works
- Zoe Strimpel, (born 1982), journalist, writer and historian
- Kate Summerscale (1978–1983), author
- Juno Temple (born 1989), actress
- Natalia Tena (born 1984), actress and musician
- Teddy Thompson (born 1976), singer/songwriter and musician
- Ceawlin Thynn, Viscount Weymouth (born 1974)
- Julian Trevelyan (1910–1988), painter and printmaker
- William Topley (born 1964), musician
- Ethlie Ann Vare (born 1953), writer and journalist
- Valentine Warner (1985–1990), chef and presenter
- E. L. Grant Watson (1885–1970), writer and scientist
- Camilla Wedgwood (1901–1955), anthropologist
- Josiah Wedgwood V (1899–1968), managing director, Wedgwoods, 1930–1961
- Arabella Weir (born 1957), writer and comedian
- Gabriel Weston (born 1970), surgeon and author
- Lancelot Law Whyte (1896–1972), physicist, engineer, entrepreneur
- Patrick Wolf (born 1983), singer/songwriter
- Sir Peter Wright, ballet dancer and director, Director, Sadler's Wells Royal Ballet, 1977–1990, and Director, Birmingham Royal Ballet, 1990–1999
- John Wyndham (1903–1969), novelist
- Konni Zilliacus (1894–1967), writer and politician
- "Interactive Schools". harrowschool.org.uk. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013.
- "Eton College - Current Fees". etoncollege.com. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Bedales School". Tatler. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- "Bedales School | Petersfield | LEA:Hampshire | Hampshire". The Good Schools Guide. Archived from the original on 12 January 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Bedales School Campus". Bedales.org.uk. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Years 9 – 11 Academic Overview". Bedales.org.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Outdoor Work". Bedales.org.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Activities". Bedales.org.uk. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Faces of the Week, BBC, 21 July 2006.
- "Simon Anholt, Old Bedalian & Foreign Office Public Diplomacy Board". Bedales.org.uk. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Simon Anholt". Simon Anholt. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "Sebastian Bergne". Sebastian Bergne. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- Lucinda Schmidt, Profile: Peter Hall, Sydney Morning Herald, 7 April 2010
- Sale, Jonathan (19 February 2009). "Passed/Failed: An education in the life of Roger Lloyd Pack, actor". The Independent. London. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
- "Tom Lodge, Old Bedalian and Zen Master". Bedales.org.uk. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- Annan, Noel; Ferguson, James (30 May 1996). "Obituary: Teresa, Lady Rothschild". The Independent. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Wetherell, David. "Biography – Camilla Hildegarde Wedgwood". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
See also Bibliography for John Haden Badley.
- A quoit tient la superiorité des Anglo-Saxons? Edmond Demolins
- Bedales School; A School for Boys. Outline of its aims and system J H Badley; Cambridge University Press, 1892
- Notes and suggestions for Those who Join the staff at Bedales School J H Badley; Cambridge University Press, 1922.
- Bedales: A Pioneer School J H Badley; Methuen, 1923
- Bedales Since the War Geoffrey Crump; Chapman and Hall, 1936
- English Progressive Schools Robert Skidelsky; Penguin, 1969
- John Haden Badley 1865–1967 Giles Brandreth & Sally Henry; Bedales Society, 1967
- Irregularly Bold: A Study of Bedales School James Henderson; Andree Deutsch, 1978.
- The Public School Phenomenon Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy; Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1977
- Bedales 1935–1965 Memories and Reflections of Fifteen Bedalians HB Jacks; The Bedales Society, 1978
- Bedales School – The First Hundred Years Roy Wake, Pennie Denton. Haggerston Press, London, 1993