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Bayelsa State

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Bayelsa is a state in southern Nigeria in the core Niger Delta region, between Delta State and Rivers State. Its capital is Yenagoa. The main language spoken is Ijaw with dialects such as Kolukuma, Mein, Bomu, Nembe, Epie-Atisa, and Ogbia. Like the rest of Nigeria, English is the official language. The state was formed in 1996 from part of Rivers State and is thus one of the newest states of the Nigerian federation.[3]

Bayelsa
State
Flag of Bayelsa
Flag
Nickname(s): "Glory of all lands"
Location of Bayelsa State in Nigeria
Location of Bayelsa State in Nigeria
CountryNigeria
Geopolitical ZoneSouth South
Created1 October 1996
CapitalYenagoa
Government
 • GovernorHenry Dickson (PDP)
 • Deputy GovernorGboribiogha John Jonah
Area
 • Total10,773 km2 (4,159 sq mi)
Area rank27th
Population (2006 census)
 • Total1,704,515[1]
 Ranked 35th
Demonym(s)Bayelsan
ISO 3166 codeNG-BY
Total$4.34 billion[2]
Per capita$2,484[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Bayelsa state was created out of Rivers state on October 1, 1996 by the General Sani Abacha's military government. Its name was derived from the first few letters of the names of the major local government areas from which it was formed - Brass LGA (BALGA), Yenagoa (YELGA) and Sagbama (SALGA). Hence BAYELSA was derived from the letters BA + YEL + SA.[3]

EconomyEdit

Bayelsa State has one of the largest crude oil and natural gas deposits in Nigeria. As a result, petroleum production is extensive in the state. However, the majority of Bayelsans live in poverty.

They are mainly rural dwellers due to the terrain and lack of adequate transportation, health, education or other infrastructure as a result of decades of neglect by the central governments, state governments, and petroleum prospecting companies. This has been a large problem in the state since its creation; successive state governments have not been able to address and repair the issue. The state, as a result, has an almost non-existent commerce. Successive state governments have embarked on industrial projects (even venturing into the oil and gas sector) and poverty-alleviation programs to reverse this situation. Some argue that there is nothing on ground to show for huge sums of money spent for development by successive and present state governments.

The local population engage in fishing on a subsistence and commercial level. The Bayelsa State government is otherwise the main employer in the state.

GeographyEdit

Bayelsa has a riverine and estuarine setting. Many communities are almost (and in some cases) completely surrounded by water, making them inaccessible by road. The state is home to the Edumanom Forest Reserve, in June 2008 the last known site for chimpanzees in the Niger Delta.[4]

Other important cities besides Yenagoa include Akassa, Lobia, Amassoma (the home of the Niger Delta University), Eniwari, Ekeremor, Aliebiri, Peretoru, Twon-Brass, Kaiama, Nembe, Odi, Ogbia, Okpoama Brass, Oporoma, Otuan, Sagbama, Olugbobiri, Peremabiri, and Swali.

Notable nativesEdit

DiasporaEdit

Due to massive overseas scholarship programs implemented by the old Rivers State in the 1970s and recent Bayelsa State governments, large numbers of Bayelsan professionals reside in Europe and North America. This is part of the general brain-drain trend affecting many African communities.

EducationEdit

The major tertiary institutions in Bayelsa state are:

  • Niger Delta University
  • Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education
  • College of Health Sciences
  • School of Nursing
  • Bayelsa State College of Arts and Science
  • International Institute of Tourism[21]
  • Federal University Otuoke

Local government areasEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Archived from the original on 7 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ a b "Learn About Bayelsa State, Nigeria | People, Local Government and Business Opportunities in Bayelsa". Overview of Nigeria |NgEX. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  4. ^ "NIGERIA BIODIVERSITY AND TROPICAL FORESTRY ASSESSMENT" (PDF). USAID. June 2008. p. 76. Retrieved 2010-09-18.
  5. ^ "Gabriel Okara | Nigerian author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  6. ^ "Unsung heroes of independence - The Nation Nigeria". The Nation Nigeria. 2015-10-02. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  7. ^ "Who Killed Adaka Boro". www.gamji.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  8. ^ "DANIEL IGALI - From obscurity to wrestling stardom - The Nation Nigeria". The Nation Nigeria. 2016-07-03. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  9. ^ Society, Urhobo Historical. "Former Military Governor Diete-Spiff Reflects On Background Problems of the Invasion". www.waado.org. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  10. ^ "Edmund Daukoru". www.gamji.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  11. ^ "How Governor Melford Okilo Discovered Olumba Olumba Brotherhood - Brand Campaign". Brand Campaign. 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  12. ^ "Biography of Diepreye Alamieyeseigha". www.nigerianbiography.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  13. ^ "Biography | The Office of Goodluck Ebele Jonathan". www.gej.ng. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  14. ^ "Masquerades and Jokers as Governors in Bayelsa State". www.gamji.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  15. ^ "Enetimi Odom Aka Timaya's Full Biography [CELEBRITY BIO]". Nigerian Celebrity News + Latest Entertainment News. 2014-10-16. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  16. ^ "TIMI DAKOLO". PraiseMaMa.com. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  17. ^ "Bayelsa honours Samson SIasia, others". Premium Times Nigeria. 2018-05-18. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  18. ^ "Diezani Alison-Madueke scored another firs - Vanguard News". Vanguard News. 2014-12-02. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  19. ^ "ETETE, Chief Dan Lauzia". Biographical Legacy and Research Foundation. 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  20. ^ "Nigeria: Eagles, Black Stars Will Survive Group Stage -Finidi". This Day (Lagos). 2010-03-24. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  21. ^ "You are being redirected..." independent.ng. Retrieved 2018-07-29.

External linksEdit