Basse-Allaine

Basse-Allaine is a municipality in the district of Porrentruy in the canton of Jura in Switzerland. On 1 January 2009 the former municipalities of Buix, Courtemaîche and Montignez merged to form Basse-Allaine.[3]

Basse-Allaine
East facade of the priory of Grandgourt in Basse-Allaine
East facade of the priory of Grandgourt in Basse-Allaine
Coat of arms of Basse-Allaine
Coat of arms
Location of Basse-Allaine
Basse-Allaine is located in Switzerland
Basse-Allaine
Basse-Allaine
Basse-Allaine is located in Canton of Jura
Basse-Allaine
Basse-Allaine
Coordinates: 47°27′N 07°02′E / 47.450°N 7.033°E / 47.450; 7.033Coordinates: 47°27′N 07°02′E / 47.450°N 7.033°E / 47.450; 7.033
CountrySwitzerland
CantonJura
DistrictPorrentruy
Government
 • MayorMaire
Stéphane Sudan
Area
 • Total22.97 km2 (8.87 sq mi)
Elevation
398 m (1,306 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total1,229
 • Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
2923
SFOS number6807
Surrounded byBoncourt, Bure, Coeuve, Courchavon, Damphreux, Lugnez, Courcelles (F), Villars-le-Sec (F)
Websitewww.basse-allaine.ch
SFSO statistics

The name refers to the Allaine River which runs through the municipality.

HistoryEdit

Buix is first mentioned in 1136 as Bus.[4] Courtemaîche is first mentioned in 1139 as Cordomasge.[5] Montignez is first mentioned in 731 as Montaniaco.[6]

GeographyEdit

Basse-Allaine has an area of 23.04 km2 (8.90 sq mi).[7] Of this area, 10.13 km2 (3.91 sq mi) or 43.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 10.95 km2 (4.23 sq mi) or 47.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.7 km2 (0.66 sq mi) or 7.4% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.09 km2 (22 acres) or 0.4% is either rivers or lakes and 0.12 km2 (30 acres) or 0.5% is unproductive land.[8]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 3.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.8%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 28.4% is used for growing crops and 14.2% is pastures, while 1.3% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is flowing water.[8]

The municipality consists of the villages of Buix, Courtemaîche and Montignez, the hamlet of Le Maira and the land around the Grandgourt priory.

DemographicsEdit

Basse-Allaine has a population (as of December 2019) of 1,238.[9] As of 2010, 7.3% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[10] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of -4.1%. Migration accounted for -2.5%, while births and deaths accounted for -1.8%.[11]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (93.9%) as their first language, German is the second most common (4.0%) and Spanish is the third (0.9%).[11]

As of 2008, the population was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. The population was made up of 588 Swiss men (45.1% of the population) and 50 (3.8%) non-Swiss men. There were 622 Swiss women (47.7%) and 45 (3.4%) non-Swiss women.[10] As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 23.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 57.1% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 19.4%.[11]

As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 3.8 new units per 1000 residents.[11] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 3.53%.[11]

Historic PopulationEdit

The historical population is given in the following chart:[12]

Heritage sites of national significanceEdit

 
Prairie Dessous on the site of a Gallo-Roman villa
 
Former priory of Grandgourt

Prairie Dessous on the site of a Gallo-Roman villa and the former priory of Grandgourt are listed as Swiss heritage site of national significance. The village of Montignez, hamlet of Le Maira and Grandgourt area are all part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[13]

EconomyEdit

As of  2010, Basse-Allaine had an unemployment rate of 4.6%. As of 2008, there were 164 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 39 businesses involved in this sector. 219 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 13 businesses in this sector. 96 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 27 businesses in this sector.[11] Of the working population, 6% used public transportation to get to work, and 64.2% used a private car.[11]

EducationEdit

The Canton of Jura school system provides two year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school followed by some form of Tertiary school or they may enter an apprenticeship.[14]

During the 2009-10 school year, there were a total of 125 students attending 8 classes in Basse-Allaine. There were 2 kindergarten classes with a total of 39 students in the municipality.[15] The municipality had 6 primary classes and 86 students.[16] There are only nine Secondary schools in the canton, so all the students from Basse-Allaine attend their secondary school in another municipality.

TransportationEdit

The municipality has three railway stations: Buix, Grandgourt, and Courtemaîche. All three are located on the Delémont–Delle line and have regular service to Biel/Bienne and Meroux (in France).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 14 January 2010
  4. ^ Buix in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Courtemaîche in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Montignez in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  8. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  9. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  10. ^ a b Population résidante permanente des communes, selon le sexe et la nationalité, au 31 décembre 2010, canton du Jura Archived 2012-04-26 at the Wayback Machine pdf document from the Canton of Jura Statistical Office Archived 2012-12-04 at Archive.today accessed 19 December 2011
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine accessed 29-December-2011
  12. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived March 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  13. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 June 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Effectifs de l'école enfantine 2009-2010 Archived 2012-04-14 at the Wayback Machine (in French) accessed 19 December 2011
  16. ^ Effectifs de l'école primaire (in French) accessed 19 December 2011

External linksEdit