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Barrow and Furness (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 54°06′43″N 3°10′41″W / 54.112°N 3.178°W / 54.112; -3.178

Barrow and Furness (previously Barrow-in-Furness) is a constituency[n 1] in Cumbria represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by John Woodcock. On 30 April 2018, he was suspended from the Labour Party following a sexual harassment allegation made against him.[3] On 18 July 2018, Woodcock resigned from the Labour Party and now sits as an Independent.

Barrow and Furness
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Barrow and Furness in Cumbria for the 2007 general election.
Outline map
Location of Cumbria within England.
CountyCumbria
(Lancashire until 1974)
Population88,826 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate69,148 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsBarrow-in-Furness, Ulverston
Current constituency
Created1885
Member of parliamentJohn Woodcock (Independent)
Number of membersOne
Created fromNorth Lancashire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyNorth West England

Contents

History and profileEdit

The seat of Barrow and Furness was established by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and covers the southwest part of Cumbria. The largest town in the constituency, Barrow-in-Furness, grew on the back of the shipbuilding industry and is now the site of the BAE Systems nuclear submarine and shipbuilding operation. This reliance on a single industry associated with controversial defence policies has proved politically volatile in a constituency the Labour Party would consider its own backyard. Labour Cabinet member Albert Booth represented Barrow from 1966 for many years but was defeated in 1983, in the aftermath of the Falklands War, by a Manchester lawyer, Cecil Franks of the Conservative Party, who retained the seat until 1992. Local media attributed this to widespread fears of job losses because the Labour Party was then signed up to doing away with all its nuclear capabilities including the submarines.[n 2]

As Labour revised its policies by favouring the retention of Britain's nuclear capability, and following massive job losses in the town's shipbuilding industry, Labour's fortunes revived in Barrow. John Hutton took the seat back for Labour in 1992 and retained it until the 2010 General Election, when he was replaced by John Woodcock, also of Labour. In 2001, Hutton had the support of more than half of all those who voted. Other industries in the constituency currently include engineering and chemicals, and more than a quarter of all jobs are in manufacturing. The 2015 result gave the seat the 10th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[4]

BoundariesEdit

This constituency contains the southern half of the Furness peninsula, South Cumbria in the north-west of England.

The newly shaped seat is formed from the following electoral wards, were first contested in 2010:

  • From South Lakeland: Broughton, Crake Valley, Low Furness & Swarthmoor, Ulverston Central, Ulverston East, Ulverston North, Ulverston South, Ulverston Town and Ulverston West
  • The entire district of Barrow-in-Furness

1983-2010: The entire district of Barrow-in-Furness and the following wards from the District of South Lakeland: Low Furness, Pennington, Ulverston Central, Ulverston East, Ulverston North, Ulverston South and Ulverston West

Members of ParliamentEdit

Elections 1950-2017Edit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General Election 2017: Barrow and Furness[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op John Woodcock 22,592 47.5 +5.2
Conservative Simon Fell 22,383 47.0 +6.5
Liberal Democrat Loraine Birchall 1,278 2.7 0.0
UKIP Alan Piper 962 2.0 -9.7
Green Rob O'Hara 375 0.8 -1.7
Majority 209 0.5 -1.3
Turnout 47,590 68.5 +5.2
Labour hold Swing −0.7
General Election 2015: Barrow and Furness[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op John Woodcock 18,320 42.3 -5.8
Conservative Simon Fell 17,525 40.5 +4.2
UKIP Nigel Cecil 5,070 11.7 +9.8
Liberal Democrat Clive Peaple 1,169 2.7 -7.3
Green Rob O'Hara 1,061 2.5 +1.3
Independent Ian Jackson 130 0.3 N/A
Majority 795 1.8 -10.0
Turnout 43,275 63.3 -0.4
Labour hold Swing −5.0
General Election 2010: Barrow and Furness[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op John Woodcock 21,226 48.1 +2.9
Conservative John Gough 16,018 36.3 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Barry Rabone 4,424 10.0 −7.9
UKIP John Smith 841 1.9 −0.2
BNP Mike Ashburner 840 1.9 N/A
Green Chris Loynes 530 1.2 N/A
Independent Brian Greaves 245 0.6 N/A
Majority 5,208 11.8
Turnout 44,124 63.7 +4.8
Labour hold Swing −0.4

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2005: Barrow and Furness[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hutton 17,360 47.6 −8.1
Conservative William Dorman 11,323 31.0 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Barry Rabone 6,130 16.8 +4.6
UKIP Alan Beach 758 2.1 +0.3
Build Duddon and Morecambe Bridges Timothey Bell 409 1.1 +1.1
Veritas Brian Greaves 306 0.8 +0.8
Independent Helene Young 207 0.6 +0.6
Majority 6,037 16.5
Turnout 36,493 59.0 −1.3
Labour hold Swing −4.4
General Election 2001: Barrow and Furness[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hutton 21,724 55.7 −1.6
Conservative James Airey 11,835 30.3 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Barry Rabone 4,750 12.2 +3.3
UKIP John Smith 711 1.8 N/A
Majority 9,889 25.4
Turnout 39,020 60.3 −11.7
Labour hold Swing −2.4

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1997: Barrow and Furness[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hutton 27,630 57.3 +9.6
Conservative Richard Hunt 13,133 27.2 −14.1
Liberal Democrat Anne A. Metcalfe 4,264 8.8 −2.1
Independent Jim Hamezeian 1,995 4.1 N/A
Referendum David Y. Mitchell 1,208 2.5 N/A
Majority 14,497 30.1
Turnout 48,230 72.0 −10.1
Labour hold Swing +11.9
General Election 1992: Barrow and Furness[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Hutton 26,568 47.7 +8.5
Conservative Cecil Franks 22,990 41.3 −5.1
Liberal Democrat Clive J. Crane 6,089 10.9 −3.3
Majority 3,578 6.4 −0.7
Turnout 55,647 82.0 +3.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General Election 1987: Barrow and Furness[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cecil Franks 25,431 46.5 +2.9
Labour Peter Phizacklea 21,504 39.3 +4.6
Social Democratic Richard Phelps 7,799 14.3 −7.4
Majority 3,927 7.2
Turnout 54,731 79.0 +3.8
Conservative hold Swing −0.9
General Election 1983: Barrow and Furness[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cecil Franks 22,284 43.6
Labour Albert Booth 17,707 34.7
Social Democratic D. Cottier 11,079 21.7
Majority 4,577 9.0
Turnout 51,070 75.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General Election 1979: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Booth 22,687 53.24
Conservative Patrick Thompson 14,946 35.07
Liberal G. Thompson 4,983 11.69
Majority 7,741 18.16
Turnout 78.26
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Booth 21,607 51.41
Conservative Richard Cecil 14,253 33.91
Liberal M.A. Benjamin 5,788 13.77
Independent V. Moore 384 0.91
Majority 7,354 17.50
Turnout 77.06
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Booth 19,925 46.11
Conservative D.G.P. Bloomer 14,818 34.29
Liberal M. Benjamin 8,470 19.60
Majority 5,107 11.82
Turnout 79.97
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Booth 22,400 56.09
Conservative Hal Miller 17,536 43.91
Majority 4,864 12.18
Turnout 73.69
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General Election 1966: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Booth 23,485 60.31
Conservative Richard W. Rollins 15,453 39.69
Majority 8,032 20.63
Turnout 76.78
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Monslow 22,197 55.13
Conservative Peter Davies 18,068 44.87
Majority 4,129 10.25
Turnout 78.03
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General Election 1959: Barrow in Furness[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Monslow 23,194 54.68
Conservative Malcolm Metcalf 19,220 45.32
Majority 3,974 9.37
Turnout 81.72
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Monslow 22,792 53.22
Conservative Edward du Cann 20,033 46.78
Majority 2,759 6.44
Turnout 80.69
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Monslow 26,709 56.91
Conservative Kenneth F. Lawton 20,225 43.09
Majority 6,484 13.82
Turnout 86.18
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Barrow in Furness
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Monslow 26,342 56.27
Conservative Wilfrid Sugden 16,793 35.87
Liberal Herbert Alexander Anderson Jardine 3,678 7.86
Majority 9,549 20.40
Turnout 87.83
Labour hold Swing

Elections 1918-1945Edit

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General Election 1918: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Robert Burton-Chadwick 12,608 50.6 +3.5
Labour Charles Duncan 12,309 49.4 −3.5
Majority 299 1.2 N/A
Turnout 24,917 66.1 −20.7
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General Election 1922: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Daniel Somerville 16,478 53.1 +2.5
Labour John Bromley 14,551 46.9 -2.5
Majority 1,927 6.2 +5.0
Turnout 87.1 +21.0
Unionist hold Swing +2.5
General Election 1923: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Daniel Somerville 13,996 47.5 -5.6
Labour John Bromley 13,576 46.0 -0.9
Liberal William Hood Wandless 1,931 6.5 n/a
Majority 420 1.5 -4.7
Turnout 86.3 -0.8
Unionist hold Swing -2.3
General Election 1924: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Bromley 15,512 51.2 +5.2
Unionist Daniel Somerville 14,802 48.8 +1.3
Majority 710 2.4 3.9
Turnout 89.9 +3.6
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +1.9
General Election 1929: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Bromley 19,798 56.0 +4.8
Unionist Kenneth McDonald Cameron 15,551 44.0 -4.8
Majority 4,247 12.0 +9.6
Turnout 35,349 86.8 -3.1
Labour hold Swing +4.8

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General Election 1931: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jonah Walker-Smith 20,794 56.8 +12.8
Labour David Adams 15,835 43.2 -12.8
Majority 4,959 13.5 25.6
Turnout 88.9 +2.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +12.8
General Election 1935: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jonah Walker-Smith 18,136 50.3 -6.5
Labour Percy Barstow 17,919 49.7 +6.5
Majority 217 0.6 -13.0
Turnout 85.4 -3.5
Conservative hold Swing -6.5

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1945: Barrow in Furness[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Monslow 25,939 65.5 +15.8
Conservative Jonah Walker-Smith 13,648 34.5 -15.8
Majority 12,291 31.0 31.6
Turnout 79.7 -5.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +15.8

Elections 1885-1915Edit

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General Election 1885: Barrow-in-Furness[22][23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Duncan 2,958 53.1 N/A
Conservative Henry Schneider 2,612 46.9 N/A
Majority 346 6.2 N/A
Turnout 5,570 91.9 N/A
Registered electors 6,063
Liberal win (new seat)

The election was declared void on petition, causing a by-election.

 
Bruce
Barrow-in-Furness by-election, 1886[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Sproston Caine 3,109 58.7 +5.6
Conservative Gainsford Bruce 2,174 41.0 -5.9
Independent Liberal W H M Edmunds 15 0.3 N/A
Majority 935 17.7 +11.5
Turnout 5,298 87.4 -4.5
Registered electors 6,063
Liberal hold Swing +5.8
 
Ainsworth
General Election 1886: Barrow-in-Furness[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Sproston Caine 3,212 63.1 +16.2
Liberal John Ainsworth 1,882 36.9 −16.2
Majority 1,330 26.2 N/A
Turnout 5,094 84.0 −7.9
Registered electors 6,063
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +16.2

Elections in the 1890sEdit

Barrow-in-Furness by-election, 1890[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Duncan 1,944 38.2 +1.3
Conservative Herbert Henry Wainwright 1,862 36.6 −26.5
Independent Liberal William Sproston Caine 1,280 25.2 N/A
Majority 82 1.6 N/A
Turnout 5,086 84.3 +0.3
Registered electors 6,034
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +13.9
General Election 1892: Barrow-in-Furness[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Cayzer 3,312 53.4 −9.7
Liberal James Duncan 2,890 46.6 +9.7
Majority 422 6.8 −19.4
Turnout 6,202 89.1 +5.1
Registered electors 6,958
Conservative hold Swing −9.7
 
Bonnerjee
 
Curran
General Election 1895: Barrow-in-Furness[22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Cayzer 3,192 53.6 +0.2
Liberal Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee 2,355 39.5 −7.1
Ind. Labour Party Pete Curran 414 6.9 N/A
Majority 837 14.1 +7.3
Turnout 5,961 89.4 +0.3
Registered electors 6,665
Conservative hold Swing +3.7

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General Election 1900: Barrow-in-Furness[22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Cayzer Unopposed
Conservative hold
 
Duncan
General Election 1906: Barrow-in-Furness[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Repr. Cmte. Charles Duncan 5,167 60.3 N/A
Conservative Charles Cayzer 3,395 39.7 N/A
Majority 1,772 20.6 N/A
Turnout 8,562 90.8 N/A
Registered electors 9,426
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General Election January 1910: Barrow-in-Furness[22][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Duncan 5,304 55.2 -5.1
Conservative Francis Hugo Lindley Meynell 4,298 44.8 +5.1
Majority 1,006 10.4 −10.2
Turnout 9,602 91.6 +0.8
Registered electors 10,478
Labour hold Swing -5.1
General Election December 1910: Barrow-in-Furness[22][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Duncan 4,810 52.9 −2.3
Conservative Francis Hugo Lindley Meynell 4,290 47.1 +2.3
Majority 520 5.8 −4.6
Turnout 9,100 86.8 −4.8
Registered electors 10,478
Labour hold Swing −2.3

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ See Labour Party and Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
References
  1. ^ "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
  6. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated". Barrow Borough Council. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Barrow & Furness parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Barrow & Furness". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Barrow & Furness". BBC News. Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ http://tools.assembla.com/svn/grodt/uk/thc/files/marked_up/1959_marked_up.txt
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  21. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  24. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  25. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  26. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  27. ^ Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser 15 Jan 1914