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Copeland (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 54°25′52″N 3°23′20″W / 54.431°N 3.389°W / 54.431; -3.389

Copeland is a constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament created in 1983.[n 1][n 2] The constituency is represented in Parliament by Trudy Harrison, of the Conservatives since a by-election in February 2017 and was retained at the snap 2017 general election four months later. The seat had been held by Labour candidates between 1983-2015.

Copeland
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Copeland in Cumbria.
Outline map
Location of Cumbria within England.
CountyCumbria
Electorate63,696 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsWhitehaven
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of parliamentTrudy Harrison (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromWhitehaven
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyNorth West England

Copeland is one of three Cumbria seats won (held or gained) by a Conservative candidate in 2017 out of a total of six covering its county. The bulk of this seat is in the Lake District and a large proportion of its population.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The sole forerunner to the constituency was the abolished constituency of Whitehaven. Copeland had consistently returned Labour Party candidates since its creation in 1983 until the by-election of 23 February 2017, when Trudy Harrison gained it for the Conservatives. Prior to that (save for the total landslide in 1931 when part of the parliamentary Labour Party remained in government with the Conservative Party in 1931, under Ramsay MacDonald), the last Conservative elected for the area was in 1924.

The 2015 result gave the seat the 31st most marginal majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[2]

BoundariesEdit

Following the renaming of Whitehaven as Copeland, Jack Cunningham, who had previously been the member for Whitehaven, stood for and won the seat. Its boundaries remained unchanged, being coterminous with the local government district of Copeland.

Boundary changeEdit

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies by making changes to this constituency for the 2010 general election, namely the addition of the wards Crummock, Dalton, Derwent Valley and Keswick in the Allerdale District.

The four new wards thus extend the constituency beyond the district of Copeland. They include the town of Keswick, which has a larger electorate than the other three new and sparsely populated wards, despite their extensive area.[3] The new wards are in the Lake District, like much of Copeland district. The inclusion of Keswick in the constituency was the main topic in public consultations regarding the changes.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

Tony Lywood was selected as the Labour Party candidate for the next UK General Election.[5]

General Election 2017: Copeland[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Trudy Harrison 21,062 49.1 +13.3
Labour Gillian Troughton 19,367 45.1 +2.8
Liberal Democrat Rebecca Hanson 1,404 3.3 -0.2
UKIP Herbie Crossman 1,094 2.5 -13.0
Majority 1,695 4.0 N/A
Turnout 42,927 70.2 +6.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.3

Compared with the 2015 general election, not the 2017 by-election.

By-election 2017: Copeland[7][8][9][10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Trudy Harrison 13,748 44.3 +8.5
Labour Gillian Troughton 11,601 37.3 −4.9
Liberal Democrat Rebecca Hanson 2,252 7.2 +3.8
UKIP Fiona Mills 2,025 6.5 −9.0
Independent Michael Guest 811 2.6 N/A
Green Jack Lenox 515 1.7 −1.3
Independent Roy Ivinson 116 0.4 N/A
Majority 2,147 7.0
Turnout 31,889 51.35 −12.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.7
General Election 2015: Copeland[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jamie Reed 16,750 42.3 −3.7
Conservative Stephen Haraldsen 14,186 35.8 −1.3
UKIP Michael Pye 6,148 15.5 +13.2
Liberal Democrat Danny Gallagher 1,368 3.5 −6.7
Green Allan Todd 1,179 3.0 +2.1
Majority 2,564 6.5 −2.4
Turnout 39,631 63.8 −3.8
Labour hold Swing −1.2
General Election 2010: Copeland[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jamie Reed 19,699 46.0 −0.7
Conservative Chris Whiteside 15,866 37.1 +3.6
Liberal Democrat Frank Hollowell 4,365 10.2 −3.7
BNP Clive Jefferson 1,474 3.4 N/A
UKIP Edward Caley-Knowles 994 2.3 +0.1
Green Jill Perry 389 0.9 N/A
Majority 3,833 8.9 −9.9
Turnout 42,787 67.6 +5.4
Labour hold Swing −4.9

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General Election 2005: Copeland[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jamie Reed 17,033 50.5 −1.3
Conservative Chris Whiteside 10,713 31.7 −5.8
Liberal Democrat Frank Hollowell 3,880 11.5 +0.8
UKIP Edward Caley-Knowles 735 2.2 N/A
Independent Brian Earley 734 2.2 N/A
English Democrat Alan Mossop 662 2.0 N/A
Majority 6,320 18.7
Turnout 33,757 62.3 −2.6
Labour hold Swing +2.3
General Election 2001: Copeland[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Cunningham 17,991 51.8 −6.4
Conservative Mike Graham 13,027 37.5 +8.3
Liberal Democrat Mark Gayler 3,732 10.7 +1.5
Majority 4,964 14.3
Turnout 34,750 64.9 −11.4
Labour hold Swing −7.4

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General Election 1997: Copeland[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Cunningham 24,077 58.2 +9.5
Conservative Andrew Cumpsty 12,081 29.2 −14.2
Liberal Democrat Roger C. Putnam 3,814 9.2 +1.6
Referendum Chris Johnston 1,036 2.5 N/A
ProLife Alliance Gerard Hanratty 389 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,996 29.0
Turnout 41,397 76.3
Labour hold Swing +11.9
General Election 1992: Copeland[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Cunningham 22,328 48.7 +1.5
Conservative Philip Davies 19,889 43.4 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Roger Putnam 3,508 7.6 −1.5
Natural Law James Sinton 148 0.3 N/A
Majority 2,439 5.3 +1.1
Turnout 45,873 83.5 +2.2
Labour hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General Election 1987: Copeland[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Cunningham 20,999 47.2 +3.0
Conservative Ashton Toft 19,105 43.0 +3.1
Social Democratic Edward Colgan 4,052 9.1 −6.8
Green Robert Gibson 319 0.7 N/A
Majority 1,894 4.26
Turnout 81.31
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Copeland[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jack Cunningham 18,756 44.2
Conservative Veronica Wilson 16,919 39.9
Social Democratic John Beasley 6,722 15.9
Majority 1,837 4.3
Turnout 78.2
Labour hold Swing

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ "2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-14. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 5)
  5. ^ Rodgers, Sienna (25 March 2018). "Momentum-backed councillor picked for Copeland in heated selection". LabourList. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  6. ^ "General election 2017: Full list of candidates". ITV News. 12 May 2017.
  7. ^ Glaze, Ben (19 January 2017). "Labour unveils Gill Troughton as its candidate for the tricky Copeland by-election". The Daily Mirror. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Local NHS worker selected as UKIP candidate for the Copeland by-election". ukip.org. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Green Party announces anti-nuclear Copeland by-election candidate". Green Party. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Copeland by-election: Candidates list". BBC News. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). Copeland Council. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Copeland". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  15. ^ Copeland, BBC News
  16. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.