Baildon is a town[1] and civil parish in the Bradford Metropolitan Borough in West Yorkshire, England and within the historic boundaries of the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Baildon, Browgate roundabout
Baildon is located in West Yorkshire
Location within West Yorkshire
OS grid referenceSE155395
• London185 mi (298 km) south-east
Civil parish
  • Baildon
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townShipley
Postcode districtBD17
Dialling code01274
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
53°51′04″N 1°45′47″W / 53.851°N 1.763°W / 53.851; -1.763

It lies 3 miles (5 km) north of Bradford city centre. The town forms a continuous urban area with Shipley and Bradford, and is part of the West Yorkshire Built Up Area.[2] Other nearby suburbs include Shipley to the south and Saltaire to the west. As of the 2011 census, the Baildon ward has a population of 15,360.[3]

History edit

Baildon is known to have been inhabited for many centuries; several cup-and-ring stones on Baildon Moor have shown evidence of Bronze Age inhabitation.[4]

Baildon Moor has a number of gritstone outcrops with numerous prehistoric cup and ring marks. A denuded and mutilated bank represents the remains of an Iron Age settlement known as Soldier's Trench, sometimes mistaken for a Bronze Age stone circle.[5] A Bronze Age cup-marked rock is incorporated in the bank.[6]

Baildon is recorded as Beldone and Beldune in the Domesday Book. In 1066 it belonged to a Gospatric, son of Arnketil, and had passed to Erneis of Buron by 1086.[7]

Baildon had two manor houses: one on Hall Cliffe, the other in lower Baildon.

During the Industrial Revolution, Baildon developed a woollen industry; Westgate House was built in 1814 by the Ambler family who were prominent in the wool trade and the warehouse part of the building was Feathers Bakery now Nine Café adjacent to the mill which is now the Westgate Bar.[8]

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, conditions in Bradford deteriorated and poverty and ill health became widespread; Baildon began developing as a commuter town along with neighbouring Shipley. In the 1960s, the Hall Cliffe manor house was demolished and replaced with the Ian Clough Hall, named after a local mountaineer. In the latter years of the 20th century, the West Riding suffered from economic decline through the gradual closure of its textile and engineering industries.[citation needed] Bradford was particularly affected by this; however, Leeds grew as a major administrative and financial centre and Baildon with its railway links to Leeds has become a strategic commuter town.[citation needed]

Gypsy parties edit

Baildon was an important location for the British Gypsy community. A report of 1929 stated that annual Gypsy Parties had started two to three hundred years before – records were said to go back to 1770 when it was reported to be an ancient custom. In 1881, up to 5,000 people are said to have paid for admission. Gradually the event was taken over by local residents, who dressed up as Gypsies and formed 'tribes'. Proceeds went to the local horticultural society. After 1897 the tradition died out, apparently because the 'real Gypsies' had disappeared. However, in 1929 it was revived to raise funds for Baildon Hospital. A local resident, John Keen, then contacted the so-called King of the Gypsies, Xavier Petulengro, and they re-established large Gypsy gatherings at Baildon, recorded on Pathe News films and shown nationally in cinemas.[9][10]

The Gypsy Parties ended with the start of the Second World War, and were never revived.[9]

Pleasure Grounds edit

Shipley Glen Tramway

In northern Shipley off Prod Lane there was a small fairground with dodgem cars, booths and a historic "Aerial Glide" suspended roller coaster that for a short period had listed building status.[11][12] In earlier years the fairground attractions at Shipley Glen were much more extensive.[13] The fairground closed and is now dismantled and newly built (2015/6) private housing now covers the site.[14] The only working remnant of the Pleasure Grounds is the Shipley Glen Cable Tramway, a funicular railway carrying passengers from just north of Roberts Park, Saltaire up the hill side through Walker Wood to the location of the Pleasure Grounds at the top of Prod Lane.

Geography edit

Baildon lies to the north east of Bradford, and is linked to Bradford and Shipley by the B6151. To the north of Baildon lies Baildon Moor, a part of Rombalds Moor, with several quarries and underlying strata of coal. There are the remains of old coal pits.[15]

Across Baildon Moor is the village of Menston, the town of Ilkley and Ilkley Moor. Baildon is situated on a hill to the north of the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal.

Baildon is 9 miles (14 km) from Leeds city centre and 3 miles (5 km) from Bradford city centre.

Governance edit

2004 Boundaries of Baildon Ward

Baildon was made a local board district in 1852. Elections were held on 16 September 1852, and the first quorate meeting of the local board was held on 9 October 1852. Such districts were reconstituted as urban districts with effect from 31 December 1894 under the Local Government Act 1894. It was then administered by Baildon Urban District Council until it was disbanded when Bradford Metropolitan District Council was established in 1974.

Present day

A group of local residents held an open meeting on 7 May 1997 and as a result the Baildon Community Council came into being on 26 June 1997 as a means of communicating local interest to appropriate authorities. Residents of Baildon went through the appropriate legal process and as a result Baildon Parish Council was formed which held its first full meeting 14 May 2007. The civil parish does not cover nearby Esholt, part of the Baildon Ward at District level, but includes the area North of the River Aire along Coach Road and Higher Coach Road (Baildon South West) which is within the Shipley Ward at District level.

On Monday 10 June 2013 Baildon officially became a town when Baildon Parish Council resolved that, in accordance with the Local Government Act 1972 s245, the Parish of Baildon shall have the status of a town. Consequently, the Parish Council was renamed Baildon Town Council.[16]


Baildon ward is represented on Bradford Council by three Conservative councillors, Valerie Townend, Mike Pollard and Debbie Davies.[17]

Election Councillor Councillor Councillor
2004 Valerie Townend (Con) John Briggs (Lib Dem) John Cole (Lib Dem)
2006 Valerie Townend (Con) John Briggs (Lib Dem) John Cole (Lib Dem)
2007 Valerie Townend (Con) Roger L'Amie (Con) John Cole (Lib Dem)
2008 Valerie Townend (Con Roger L'Amie (Con) John Cole (Lib Dem)
2010 Valerie Townend (Con) Roger L'Amie (Con) John Cole (Lib Dem)
2011 Valerie Townend (Con) Roger L'Amie (Con) John Cole (Lib Dem)
2012 Valerie Townend (Con) Roger L'Amie (Con) Debbie Davies (Con)
2014 Valerie Townend (Con) Roger L'Amie (Con) Debbie Davies (Con)
2015 Valerie Townend (Con) Mike Pollard (Con) Debbie Davies (Con)
2016 Valerie Townend (Con) Mike Pollard (Con) Debbie Davies (Con)
2018 Valerie Townend (Con) Mike Pollard (Con) Debbie Davies (Con)

  indicates seat up for re-election.

Economy edit

Baildon has a modest town centre with most everyday amenities including independent traders, estate agents and family law solicitors.

There is a Co-op supermarket and a small Tesco on the outskirts. The centre is home to many independent shops including Pickles Delicatessen, Westgate General Stores, Seasons Home, Finesse Gifts and Baildon Interiors. There are also several independently owned hair dressers and beauty salons and a variety of restaurants and take-aways. There are some eight public houses and bars in Baildon.[18]

Charlestown edit

Charlestown in south east Baildon is the area of Baildon with the highest concentration of industry. The area is in the valley bottom between Otley Road and the River Aire, and includes the Acorn Park Industrial Estate and the Butterfield Industrial Estate. Notable companies established in Charlestown include Manor Coating Systems[19] and Denso Marston Radiators.[20]

Further north east in Charlestown there are plans for a 'Baildon Business Park' and hotel on a green field site near Buck Lane, at a cost of £25 million but there is opposition to the move.[21] Another industrial area is the Tong Park Industrial Estate off Otley Road in eastern Baildon.

Landmarks edit

One of the main monuments in Baildon is the Frances Ferrand memorial fountain, known locally as the 'potted meat stick'. This was built by Baron Amphlett of Somerset as a memorial to his mother-in-law, Frances Ferrand.[22] It still stands today to the eastern side of Browgate. In 1925 the monument was put at threat when plans were produced to replace in with a bus terminus. In the 1960s the monument was removed and dismantled; however, in 1986 the Mechanics Institute raised funds to take it out of storage and restore it.[23] To the north of Towngate roundabout in front of Glendale House is a concrete paved open area created in the 1960s containing what remains of the stocks and a sandstone pillar thought to be the remains of a mediaeval cross, both Grade II listed.[24] On Glen Road on the edge of Baildon Moor, close to Shipley Glen, is Bracken Hall Countryside Centre and Museum, a free-to-visit children's museum, natural history education centre and nature centre.[25]

Baildon's War Memorials are situated on Browgate[26] and in Tong Park.[27]

North of Upper Coach Road in Shipley is Shipley Glen Tramway, a narrow-gauge funicular railway. The railway takes passengers between the valley floor near Titus Salt School to the bottom of Prod Lane, a short walking distance from Shipley Glen.[11][28]

Churches edit

The Church of St. James in Charlestown is a painted tongue and groove timber building, now a grade II listed building.[29] It was moved to Baildon from Great Warley, Essex in 1905. The Reverend N. R. Bailey, rector of Great Warley, had property in Baildon and hoped to retire there. However his obituary was published in November 1900 before he retired. In 2007/2008 the church was moved again, but only by a few yards. This allowed the surrounding land to be sold by the Diocese for development. Rotten timbers were replaced and underground heat pump system installed to make the building more eco-friendly.

The Church of St. John the Evangelist designed by Mallinson & Healey, was built in 1848 though the south tower was not added until 1928. The east window designed by Powell & Sons was added in 1870.[30]

Transport edit

The village is served by Baildon railway station on the electrified Wharfedale Line with connections to Bradford Forster Square and Ilkley. There is however, no service to Leeds owing to its position on the curve between the two lines. Passengers must instead change at Shipley or the nearby Guiseley (Shipley having more services). Baildon is served by the West Yorkshire Metro 626, 649, and 656–659 First and Yorkshire Tiger bus services.[31] The main road through Baildon is the A6038 Otley Road while the B6151 Baildon Road / Brow Gate goes the short distance from Otley Road up to Browgate roundabout.

Education edit

There were a large number of First and Middle schools in the area, including Ferniehurst First School, Tong Park First School, Belmont Middle School & Ladderbanks Middle School, before the 1998 Bradford Education reform which returned the area to a two-tier school system. Currently, there are four local primary schools: Sandal Primary School to the North on West Lane, Baildon Church of England School to the east off Langley Lane, Hoyle Court Primary school in Charlestown and Glenaire Primary School to the south on Thompson Lane.

The nearest secondary school for the area is Titus Salt School on Higher Coach Road, overlooking Roberts Park, Saltaire. There is dispute as to which town the school actually is in, some classing it as Baildon and some as Saltaire.[32]

Sport and leisure edit

Within Baildon there are sports clubs for cricket, football, golf, rugby and running.[33]

Sconce camp site, near to Baildon, is operated by Aire Valley scout district.[34]

Media edit

Local news and television programmes are provided by BBC Yorkshire and ITV Yorkshire. Television signals are received from the Emley Moor TV transmitter and the Idle relay transmitter. [35] Local radio stations are BBC Radio Leeds, Heart Yorkshire, Capital Yorkshire, Pulse 1, and Greatest Hits Radio West Yorkshire. [36] The town is served by the local newspaper, Telegraph & Argus.[37]

Culture and events edit

For nearly a quarter of a century the August bank holiday weekend saw over 500 Harley-Davidson riders arrive in Baildon as part of the annual UK rally of the Harley-Davidson Riders Club of Great Britain fundraising rally.[citation needed] The HDRCGB ran the rally up to 2001 when it moved to Berkshire. In 2003, Harley-Davidson's Centenary Year, the HDRCGB hosted the event for the last time in Baildon. The rally is now organised by the Shipley Harley-Davidson Club. In 2008 430 riders were given a police escort down Browgate towards Hollins Hill, from where most riders travelled to Harewood House.

Cultural references edit

Film and television edit

Music edit

  • British music duo Aquilo (band) refer to Baildon in their 2015 song Good Girl
  • Baildon Moor is mentioned in the song LS43 by New Model Army

Baildon Orchestra is an amateur orchestra which was formed in the mid-1940s and still meets on a weekly basis throughout the year. website

Notable people edit

The late journalist and Countdown TV game show presenter Richard Whiteley was a native of Baildon,[38] and Austin Mitchell, Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for Great Grimsby from 1977 until 2015, was born in Baildon.[39] The former wool merchant and RAF Officer Geoffrey Ambler was born in Baildon in 1904.[40]

Ian Clough Hall, Hallcliffe

Mountaineer Ian Clough was born in Baildon.[41] After he was killed on an expedition to the Himalayan mountain Annapurna in 1970, Ian Clough Hall, a meeting-place and arts venue, was established in Baildon in his memory. In the 1960s, Clough and close friend Chris Bonington were known to have practised their climbing techniques on Baildon Bank – a 1,000-foot-long (300 m), 50-foot-high (15 m), ex-quarry rock-face that looks out towards Bradford. In 1962, Clough and Bonington were the first Britons to successfully scale the treacherous north face of the Eiger in the Swiss Alps. Ex-Yorkshire & England cricket captain Brian Close, born in nearby Rawdon, settled in the village, and died there in 2015 after a long battle with cancer.[42] Ex-Yorkshire and England cricket fast bowler Matthew Hoggard, though originally from Pudsey, lived in Baildon for some years and was a member of Baildon Cricket Club.[43][44] The explorer James Theodore Bent (1852–1897) spent his boyhood at Baildon House on Station Road.[45] Family memorials are to be found in St John's church. Geoffrey Brindley, known locally as the Jesus Man of Bradford lived in Baildon until his death in 2015 and there were plans to erect a statue of him in the town.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Tate, Chris (12 June 2013). "Councillors take swift decision to make Baildon a town". Telegraph and Argus. Bradford. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  2. ^ "West Yorkshire Built Up Area". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Area: Baildon Ward". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  4. ^ Marfell, Paul. "History". Baildon Village. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  5. ^ "The Soldiers Trench Stone Circle". The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Soldiers Trench (49552)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  7. ^ Baildon in the Domesday Book
  8. ^ Marfell, Paul (5 April 2007). "History: Westgate House". Baildon Village. Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  9. ^ a b Matthews, Freda (2007). "Gypsies in Local History". Gypsy Roma Traveller Leeds. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
  10. ^ "A Romany Wedding on Yorkshire Moors". British Pathe. Retrieved 12 January 2020.; "Double Gypsy Wedding". British Pathe. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
  11. ^ a b "Shipley Glen". All About Bradford Three. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  12. ^ Radice, Gary (November 2003). "A Tale of Shipley Glen: The Mike Short Interview". themagiceye. Retrieved 27 February 2011.; "Shipley Glen Aerial Ride". Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.; "The Aerial Glide, Shipley Glen Pleasure Grounds, Shipley". September 2000. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  13. ^ "The Eldwick Tragedy 1920". The Eldwick Tragedy. Retrieved 27 February 2011.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Saltaire World Heritage Site". Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  15. ^ "Baildon". West Yorkshire Geology Trust. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008.
  16. ^ "Meeting and Documents". Baildon Town Council. Archived from the original on 14 September 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  17. ^ "Your councillors by ward". City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Pubs in Baildon". Pubs Galore. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  19. ^ "Manor Coating Systems Ltd". Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  20. ^ "Denso Marston". The August 2004. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  21. ^ Meneaud, Marc. "Baildon group in bid to overturn decision on business park". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Bradford. Retrieved 27 February 2011.; "Protesters planning fresh appeal after councillors claimed 'hands were tied'". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Bradford. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  22. ^ Baildon, W Paley (1912). Baildon and the Baildon's; a history of a Yorkshire Manor and Family. St Catherines Press. p. 20. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  23. ^ Marfell, Paul. "Baildon House – Potted Meat Stick". Baildon Village. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
  24. ^ "Baildon and Station Road Conservation Area Assessment" (PDF). City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. December 2005. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Bracken Hall". Bradford Museums & Galleries. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  26. ^ "Baildon War Memorial". Bradford Parks & Landscape Service. Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  27. ^ de Vries, Fedor. "War Memorial Tong Park". Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  28. ^ "Welcome to Shipley Glen Tramway". Shipley Glen Tramway. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.; "Shipley Glen – From Victorian tourist attraction to country park". Yorkshire Guide. Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2011.; "Shipley Glen Tramway". The Heritage Trail. Archived from the original on 13 December 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.; "Shipley Glen Tramway, Yorkshire". Nothing To See Here. Archived from the original on 20 January 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  29. ^ "Church of St James – Shipley". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
  30. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1998). The Buildings of England – Yorkshire West Riding. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-071075-5.; "Church of St John the Evangelist – Shipley". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
  31. ^ "Bus timetables: Services 600 to 699". Metro. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  32. ^ "Titus Salt School – A Specialist School in Maths & Computing". Titus Salt School. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  33. ^ "Baildon Cricket Club". Clubbz. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2011.; "Baildon New Inn Football Club". Baildon New Inn FC. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2011.; "Baildon Golf Club, West Yorkshire". Baildon Golf Club. Retrieved 4 March 2011.; "Baildon Rugby Club". Pitchero. Retrieved 4 March 2011.; "Welcome to Baildon Runners". Baildon Runners. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  34. ^ Aire Valley Scouts, Sconce Scout Campsite, accessed 2 February 2024
  35. ^ "Full Freeview on the Idle (Bradford, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 12 January 2024.
  36. ^ "Yorkshire Radio Stations". Retrieved 12 January 2024.
  37. ^ "Telegraph & Argus". British Papers. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2024.
  38. ^ "Obituaries – Richard Whiteley". The Independent. 28 June 2005. Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  39. ^ "Tyke life and humour according to Austin". Free Online Library. 2009. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  40. ^ Winterburn, Emily. "Ambler, Geoffrey Hill". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/46570. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  41. ^ Titley, Cris (12 March 2012). "Baildon – step off the beaten track to discover the best of West Yorkshire". Yorkshire Life. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  42. ^ "Brian Close, cricket's lionheart, still chipper as he approaches 80 not out". Telegraph. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
  43. ^ "Famous People". BaildonWiki. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  44. ^ "The Big Interview: Matthew Hoggard". Times Online. 30 October 2005. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
  45. ^ "Baildon House – BaildonWiki". Retrieved 16 May 2021.

External links edit