Baden (// BAY-den) is a suburban community and unincorporated place in Township of Wilmot, Regional Municipality of Waterloo in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. It has a population around 4500 and was named after Baden-Baden, Germany. The approximate population as of 2015, as per township statistics, is 4,940.
Front facade and path to Castle Kilbride in Baden
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Elevation||352 m (1,155 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern Time Zone)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern Time Zone)|
|Postal code FSA|
|Area code(s)||519, 226, 548|
The area is the site of the Baden Tower, a huge television, radio, and communications tower located on top of one of the Baden Hills, which is the transmitter for CKCO-DT, the CTV affiliate for Kitchener, as well as CFCA-FM and CHYM-FM, which have studios in Kitchener.
Much of the area consists of farmlands and pine forests are in the area. The local high school, Waterloo-Oxford District Secondary School, is located just outside the town.
The first settler in this area was Jacob Beck in 1854; he opened a large flour mill on the Spring Creek. A second flour mill, two saw mills, a flax mill, and an iron foundry also opened in the next 20 years. The settlement was originally called Weissenburg.
The village of Baden founded and established in 1855, was originally named after an old bachelor living in the area. Jacob Beck, born in the Grand Duchy of Baden-Baden, Germany, settled in the village and later renamed Baden in 1854. Baden was also the birthplace of Sir Adam Beck, founder of Ontario's public hydroelectric system.
By 1864, the town had school and its population was 400.
A historical plaque near Baden honours Christian Nafziger, an Amish Mennonite from Munich, Germany, who arrived in 1822 with about 70 families. With assistance from local Mennonites, he was able to obtain the "German Block" (now Wilmot Township) from the government; many other Amish from Europe settled here.
Baden is home to the historic Castle Kilbride, built in 1877 by James Livingston, co-founder of a successful linseed oil company, who went on to represent the area in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario and the House of Commons of Canada. The home was designed by architect David W. Gingerich, who also designed major projects such as the Mutual Life office block, the Waterloo Town Hall, and the governor's (jailer's) house at the Waterloo County Gaol. It is an Italianate villa that had beautiful art work. In 1993, Castle Kilbride was purchased and restored by Wilmot Township, which spent $6.2 million on the project. The castle was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1994 and Wilmot Township's administrative offices and council chamber are housed in an addition to the original building.
Baden was also the home town of Sir Adam Beck, who went on to pioneer hydroelectric power, the visible results being the generation plants located in Niagara Falls. Beck has a park named after him in his hometown, as well as an elementary school within the Waterloo Region District School Board.
The Region of Waterloo Library operates a branch at 115 Snyder's Road East, beside the community mailboxes.
Local religious congregationsEdit
- Steinmann Mennonite Church
- Wilmot Mennonite Church
- St. James Evangelical Lutheran Church
The Grand Trunk Railway originally built its rail line to Southwestern Ontario in the mid-19th century, with a station in Baden, which existed until at least the 1950s. This line still exists as the CN Guelph Subdivision, which runs from the Park Street bridge in Kitchener (continuing east as the Metrolinx Guelph Subdivision) to London Junction in London, Ontario, where it connects to the CN Dundas Subdivision immediately after crossing over the CP Galt Subdivision. Baden is the location of a rail siding on the Guelph Subdivision, as well as an industrial spur constructed by Pestell Group. Baden is not currently served by passenger rail, though Wilmot Township has set aside land for a possible future GO Transit layover facility and station in Baden. The nearest passenger station is Kitchener station, which is served by both Via Rail Corridor and GO Transit Kitchener line trains.
- "Baden". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- Elevation taken from Google Maps at coordinates. Accessed 2018-07-02.
- The Canadian Press (2017), The Canadian Press Stylebook (18th ed.), Toronto: The Canadian Press
- "CLAIMaps IV". Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines. 2016. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- Map 2 (PDF) (Map). 1 : 700,000. Official road map of Ontario. Ministry of Transportation of Ontario. 2016-01-01. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #6 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
- "2015 Community Profile" (PDF). Township of Wilmot. p. 4. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- "History of Wilmot Township". Township of Wilmot. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- County of Waterloo Gazetteer and General Business Directory, For 1864 (PDF). Mitchell & Co. 1864.
- "The First Amish Settlement". OntarioPlaques.com. Alan L. Brown. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- "Southern Ontario Tourism, Grand River Country: Baden". Archived from the original on 2012-02-15. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "Gingerich, David W." Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada; 1800-1950. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- Castle Kilbride. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
- "Prime Ministers Path". Township of Wilmot. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
- "Region of Waterloo Library, Baden Branch". Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "Ontario Railway Stations: Baden". Canada-Rail.com. Retrieved 6 October 2019.