Swiss Super League

  (Redirected from Axpo Super League)

The Swiss Super League (known as the Raiffeisen Super League for sponsorship reasons) is a Swiss professional league in the top tier of the Swiss football league system and has been played in its current format since the 2003–04 season.[3][4] As of October 2019 the Swiss Super League is ranked 20th in Europe according to UEFA's ranking of league coefficients, which is based upon Swiss team performances in European competitions.[5]

Swiss Super League
Logo Raiffeisen Super League.png
Founded1898[1] as Swiss Serie A
1933 as Nationalliga A[2]
CountrySwitzerland
Liechtenstein
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams10
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toChallenge League
Domestic cup(s)Swiss Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa Conference League
Current championsYoung Boys (15th title)
(2020–21)
Most championshipsGrasshopper (27 titles)[1]
TV partnersTeleclub Sport
SRG SSR
WebsiteSFL.ch
Current: 2020–21 Swiss Super League

OverviewEdit

The Super League is played over 36 rounds from the end of July to May, with a winter break from mid-December to the first week of February. Each team plays each other four times, twice at home and twice away, in a round-robin.

As teams from both Switzerland and Liechtenstein participate in the Swiss football leagues, only a Swiss club finishing in first place will be crowned champion—should a team from Liechtenstein win, this honor will go to the highest-placed Swiss team.[6] Relative to their league coefficient ranking the highest-placed teams will compete in UEFA competitions—again with exception of teams from Liechtenstein, who qualify through the Liechtenstein Cup. The bottom team will be relegated to the Challenge League and replaced by the respective champion for the next season. The club finishing in 9th place will compete against the second-placed team of the Challenge League in a relegation play-off over two games, home and away, for a spot in the succeeding tournament.[7]

Matches in the Super League employ the use of a video assistant referee.[8]

HistoryEdit

Previous names
Years German French Italian
1898–1929 Serie A
1930–31 1. Liga 1e Ligue Prima Lega
1931–44 Nationalliga Ligue Nationale Lega Nazionale
1933 Challenge National Challenge National
1944–2003 Nationalliga A Ligue Nationale A Lega Nazionale A
2003– Super League

Serie A eraEdit

 
Anglo-American Club, winners of the first championship organized by the Swiss Football Association.

The Swiss Football Association was founded in 1895, but were initially unable to organize an annual competition, citing the teams' travel costs. The first inofficial championship, competed for the Ruinart Cup, was organized by Genevan newspaper La Suisse sportive as a response in 1897. It was mainly contested by teams from the French-speaking area, with the exception of FC Zürich and Grasshopper Club Zürich, the latter of which eventually won the tournament.[9] The inaugural official championship was therefore organized for the following season, in 1898–99, and won by Anglo-American Club against Old Boys Basel. It was, however, only competed by Swiss-German teams (with the exception of a team from Neuchâtel) until 1900, due to a dispute about playing on Sundays.[10][11]

Teams from the canton of Zürich continued to dominate the league until 1907–08, with Grasshoppers winning a further three, FC Winterthur winning two, and FC Zürich winning a single title. Other champions from that time included Servette, St. Gallen, and Young Boys, who subsequently also won three in a row from 1908–1911. Over the next decade, FC Aarau, Montriond LS (now Lausanne-Sport), SC Brühl, and Cantonal Neuchâtel FC each won their first title as nobody managed to monopolize the league. During the 1920s and 1930s, championships were achieved almost exclusively by modern Super League regulars, namely Grasshoppers, Servette, Zürich, Young Boys, Lausanne-Sport, and FC Lugano. FC Bern was the exception in 1923; however, their championship was denied after the use of an unauthorized player.[12][13]

Nationalliga eraEdit

The league was reformed into the Nationalliga in 1931 and initially changed from three regional groups to two groups with 9 teams each.[14][15] The league composition thereafter varied on several occasions, ranging from 12 to 16 teams competing in a single group. Contrary to its neighboring countries, national football was not suspended during World War II due to Switzerland's neutrality,[16] but the post-war years nevertheless brought change. The 1944–45 season saw the separation of the league into the Nationalliga A and B, with the winner of the former declared Swiss champion.[17][18] The 1946–47, 1947–48, 1952–53, and 1953–54 seasons saw further maiden victories achieved by FC Biel-Bienne, AC Bellinzona, FC Basel, and FC La-Chaux-de-Fonds, respectively. In 1954, broadcasting rights were sold to SRG SSR for the first time, with the company initially being restricted in showing games on TV.[19][20] For the 1956–57 season, jersey numbers were declared mandatory,[21] with Young Boys initiating an unprecedented streak of four titles the same season.[12]

The 1966–67 season first saw the emergence of Basel as a dominant team, as they won 7 of the following 14 seasons. As shirt sponsors first appeared by 1976, the SRG SSR refused to broadcast teams that wore advertisements on their kits. As a result, the broadcaster and the league reached a compromise, where the former would only show sponsors in reports lasting a maximum of 6 minutes, and teams would be obligated to wear neutral jerseys for longer appearances.[22][23] The 1980s and 1990s saw Grasshoppers dominate and Neuchâtel Xamax, FC Luzern, and FC Sion win their first titles in 1986–87, 1988–89, and 1991–92.[12] In 1985, the number of foreigners on a team was increased from one to two,[24] promptly leading to a new transfer record of 1.3 million francs with Servette acquiring Mats Magnusson.[25] In 1992–93 Aarau won the championship the first time in 79 years, while St. Gallen earned their first title in 97 years at the turn of the millennium.[12]

Super League eraEdit

The rebranding of the Nationalliga A into the Super League occurred in 2003, when the league was restructured from 12 to 10 teams for the 2003–04 season, simplifying the format by removing the relegation playoff round. A return to 12 teams was discussed on multiple occasions in 2009 and 2018, but ultimately rejected, among others due to reservations about the early relegation battle.[26][27]

This new era initially proved to be one of domination for Basel, as 11 of the first 14 seasons seasons were won by them, including a record-breaking streak of 8 championships between 2009 and 2017. After a change in leadership in 2017,[28] however, they were dethroned by Young Boys, who have won each of the four championships since then.[12]

Current seasonEdit

Location of the 2020–21 Swiss Super League teams

Participating clubsEdit

The teams competing in the 2020–21 season are:

Team Foundation Hometown Venue Capacity
Basel 15 November 1893 Basel St. Jakob-Park 37,994
Servette 20 March 1890 Geneva Stade de Geneve 30,084
Lugano 28 July 1908 Lugano Stadio Cornaredo 6,390
Luzern 12 August 1901 Luzern Swissporarena 16,490
Sion 1 July 1909 Sion Tourbillon 14,283
St. Gallen 19 April 1879 St. Gallen Kybunpark 19,456
Vaduz 14 February 1932   Vaduz Rheinpark Stadion 7,584
Lausanne-Sport 1896 Lausanne Stade de la Tuilière 12,000
Young Boys 14 March 1898 Bern Stade de Suisse 31,789
Zürich 28 August 1896 Zürich Letzigrund 26,104

Promotion/Relegation from 2019–20 seasonEdit

Team recordsEdit

Season Recent champions
(Super League only)
Runners-up Third place Top scorer(s)
Player (Club) Nat. Goals
2003–04 Basel Young Boys Servette Stéphane Chapuisat (Young Boys)    SUI 23
2004–05 Basel (2) Thun Grasshopper Christian Giménez (Basel)   ARG 27
2005–06 Zürich Basel Young Boys Alhassane Keita (Zürich)   GUI 20
2006–07 Zürich (2) Basel Sion Mladen Petrić (Basel)   CRO 19
2007–08 Basel (3) Young Boys Zürich Hakan Yakin (Young Boys)    SUI 24
2008–09 Zürich (3) Young Boys Basel Seydou Doumbia (Young Boys)   CIV 20
2009–10 Basel (4) Young Boys Grasshopper Seydou Doumbia (Young Boys)   CIV 30
2010–11 Basel (5) Zürich Young Boys Alexander Frei (Basel)    SUI 27
2011–12 Basel (6) Luzern Young Boys Alexander Frei (Basel)    SUI 23
2012–13 Basel (7) Grasshopper St. Gallen Ezequiel Scarione (St. Gallen)   ARG 21
2013–14 Basel (8) Grasshopper Young Boys Shkëlzen Gashi (Grasshopper)   ALB 19
2014–15 Basel (9) Young Boys Zürich Shkëlzen Gashi (Basel)   ALB 22
2015–16 Basel (10) Young Boys Luzern Moanes Dabbur (Grasshopper)   ISR 19
2016–17 Basel (11) Young Boys Lugano Seydou Doumbia (Basel)   CIV 20
2017–18 Young Boys Basel Luzern Albian Ajeti (Basel, St. Gallen)    SUI 17
2018–19 Young Boys (2) Basel Lugano Guillaume Hoarau (Young Boys)   FRA 24
2019–20 Young Boys (3) St. Gallen Basel Jean-Pierre Nsame (Young Boys)   CMR 32
2020–21 Young Boys (4) TBD TBD TBD

Performance by clubEdit

Titles Club Last Championship won
26[1]
Grasshopper
2003
20
Basel
2017
17
Servette
1999
15
Young Boys
2021
12
Zürich
2009
7
Lausanne-Sport
1965
3
La Chaux-de-Fonds
1964
3
Lugano
1949
3
Winterthur
1917
3
Aarau
1993
2
Neuchâtel Xamax
1988
2
St. Gallen
2000
2
Sion
1997
1
Anglo-American Club Zürich
1899
1
Biel-Bienne
1947
1
Luzern
1989
1
Brühl
1915
1
Étoile-Sporting
1919
1
Bellinzona
1948

Performance by club (professional era only)Edit

Titles Club
19
Grasshopper
18
Basel
10
Zürich
10
Servette
7
Young Boys
5
Lausanne-Sport
3
La Chaux-de-Fonds
3
Lugano
2
Sion
2
Neuchâtel Xamax
1
Bellinzona
1
Aarau
1
Biel-Bienne
1
Luzern
1
St. Gallen

Player recordsEdit

All records are since the introduction of the Super League in 2003.[29]

Players in italics are still active. As of 15 December 2020.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Switzerland - List of Champions RSSSF
  2. ^ Swiss Football League - Nationalliga A RSSSF
  3. ^ WSC 257 Jul 08. "When Saturday Comes – Border crossing". Wsc.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  4. ^ Heinrich Schifferle. "Swiss Football League". European Professional Football Leagues. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  5. ^ UEFA.com. "Member associations - UEFA Coefficients - Country coefficients". UEFA.com. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  6. ^ Bürge, Christian (17 April 2005). "Bestnoten statt Luftschlösser". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). Archived from the original on 5 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Thun und Vaduz in der Barrage - Neue Spielregeln". SwissFootballLeague (in German). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Video Assistant Referee (VAR)". Swiss Football League - SFL. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  9. ^ Pfister, Benedikt (16 December 2017). "Der obskure erste Meistertitel der Grasshoppers". TagesWoche (in German). Archived from the original on 22 September 2020.
  10. ^ Schaub, Daniel (18 August 2018). "Wie die Old Boys zu den ersten Forfait-Siegern der Schweizer Fussballgeschichte wurden". TagesWoche (in German). Archived from the original on 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Schweizerischer Fussballverband - 1895-1904". org.football.ch. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e "Meistertafel seit 1897". Swiss Football League - SFL. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Geschichte". FC Bern. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Schweizerischer Fussballverband - 1925-1934". football.ch (in German). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Switzerland 1931/32". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  16. ^ "Club history: 1933/34 until 1942/43". FC Basel. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2009.
  17. ^ "Switzerland 1944/45". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  18. ^ "Schweizerischer Fussballverband - 1935-1944". football.ch (in German). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Die Nationalliga und das Fernsehen". Oberländer Tagblatt (in German). 2 December 1959.
  20. ^ "Keine Fussballreportagen im Fernsehen". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 27 April 1959.
  21. ^ "Eine wichtige Neuerung". Der Bund (in German). 24 August 1956.
  22. ^ "Einigung SRG - Nationalliga in Sachen Leibchen". Walliser Bote (in German). 10 November 1976.
  23. ^ "Vorläufiger Kompromiss zwischen SRG und Nationalliga". Thuner Tagblatt (in German). 8 March 1977.
  24. ^ "Zweiter Ausländer erlaubt". Freiburger Nachrichten (in German). 22 April 1985.
  25. ^ "Fussball". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 12 August 1987.
  26. ^ "Zurück zum Strich mit 12 Teams". Bluewin (in German). 22 April 2008. Archived from the original on 7 February 2010.
  27. ^ Dubach, Matthias (31 October 2017). "Swiss Football League: Super League bleibt 10er-Liga". Blick (in German). Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  28. ^ "Neuer Präsident beim FC Basel - Burgener – der unbekannte Bescheidene". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) (in German). 20 February 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
  29. ^ "Spieler-Bestmarken in der Super League". Swiss Football League - SFL. Retrieved 15 December 2020.

External linksEdit