Athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 × 100 metres relay
|Men's 4 × 100 metres relay|
at the Games of the XXXI Olympiad
|Venue||Estádio Olímpico João Havelange|
|Date||18–19 August 2016|
Jamaica entered as the reigning 2015 World Champions and the defending Olympic champions, having set new world and Olympic records at the 2012 London Olympics. The United States were the next strongest team. The 2016 world leading time prior to the event was held by Great Britain, at 37.78 seconds. Other strong entrants were 2012 Olympic silver medallists Trinidad and Tobago and France, who earned bronze, and the 2015 world runners-up, China.
For the third Olympics in a row Usain Bolt had won the 100 metres and 200 metres. In the previous two Olympics the Jamaican team with Bolt had won the gold in the relay. Jamaica with Bolt; his predecessor as world record holder Asafa Powell; and the equal second fastest man in history, Yohan Blake, were favourites. Powell had been on the 2008 winning team, Blake had been on the 2012 winning team. USA were expected to be the strongest opposition with the Olympic 100m silver medalist Gatlin; Tyson Gay tied for second fastest in history; and the World Indoor Champion Trayvon Bromell.
The Asian 4 × 100 m record was improved three times at the 2016 games. The record before the Olympics was 37.92, run by China at the 2015 World Championships in Beijing. In the first semi final, with a new lead off leg, China improved the record to 37.82. Japan improved the record twice, to 37.68 in the second semi final and a new record of 37.60 in the final.
In the heats, Jamaica, USA and Canada rested their stars, while Japan and China did not. USA had the fastest qualifying time winning heat 1 ahead of China, Japan the second best time winning heat 2. Jamaica squeaked through to second place in their heat giving those four teams the preferred center lanes on the track, while Canada's third place relegated them to an outer lane.
The final began with USA in lane 3 and Jamaica in lane 4, with the USA's Mike Rodgers vs Powell. In the first leg the leaders were Jamaica, USA and Japan with lead off runner Ryota Yamagata. At the first handoff, both USA and Jamaica ran up on their outgoing runners, Gatlin and Blake, to their outside, Japan's exchange went smoother, gaining more than a meter. At the second handoff, things went smoother for all the teams as Jamaica, USA and Japan looked about even, with Nickel Ashmeade, Gay and youth world record holder Yoshihide Kiryū for the three leaders. Through the turn Kiryū appeared to gain against both Jamaica and USA. China were next, with Canada, Great Britain and Trinidad and Tobago further back. After the final baton change, the world junior record holder, Bromell, against world record holder Bolt, and Asuka Cambridge, a half-Jamaican Japanese runner, Bolt seemed to gain an edge on both Japan and USA, but had to slow as he fumbled to grab the baton. Leaving the zone Bolt only had inches on the other two leaders. Down the straightaway, Bolt pulled away to lead by two metres and Cambridge held a smaller lead over Bromell which Bromell could not close. Jamaica had a clear win, with Japan clearly second and USA third with Bromell falling after dipping at the finish line in a desperate leap to try to catch Cambridge. The Andre De Grasse-anchored Canadian team finished fourth which became significant. Almost fifteen minutes after the race, after USA had joined Jamaica and Japan in their victory lap, the USA team were disqualified for exchanging outside the designated zone in the first baton change. Replays showed the baton change began before Rodgers and Gatlin had entered the exchange zone. Gatlin's late start resulted in Rodgers reaching Gatlin too early. The disqualification meant that Canada won the bronze medal.
Jamaica won the gold for a third consecutive time, and Usain Bolt won his 9th track and field gold medal. This also gave him the distinction of being the first man in history to complete the Triple-Triple (winning the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay, in 3 successive Olympics). His accomplishment was later mooted by the doping disqualification of his teammate in 2008, Nesta Carter, reported in January 2017.
Prior to the competition, the existing World and Olympic records were as follows.
|World record|| Jamaica
(Nesta Carter, Michael Frater, Yohan Blake, Usain Bolt)
|36.84||London, United Kingdom||11 August 2012|
|2016 World leading|| Great Britain
(James Dasaolu, Adam Gemili, James Ellington, CJ Ujah)
|37.78||London, United Kingdom||23 July 2016|
The following national records were established during the competition:
|Turkey||Izzet Safer, Jak Ali Harvey, Emre Zafer Barnes, Ramil Guliyev (TUR)||Heats||38.30 s|
|China||Tang Xingqiang, Xie Zhenye, Su Bingtian, Zhang Peimeng (CHN)||Heats||37.82 s||AR|
|Japan||Ryota Yamagata, Shota Iizuka, Yoshihide Kiryu, Asuka Cambridge (JPN)||Heats||37.68 s||AR|
|Japan||Ryota Yamagata, Shota Iizuka, Yoshihide Kiryu, Asuka Cambridge (JPN)||Final||37.60 s||AR|
|Canada||Akeem Haynes, Aaron Brown, Brendon Rodney, Andre De Grasse (CAN)||Final||37.64 s|
|Thursday, 18 August 2016||11:40||Heats|
|Friday, 19 August 2016||22:35||Finals|
Qualification rule: first 3 of each heat (Q) plus the 2 fastest times (q) qualified.
|1||3||United States||Mike Rodgers, Christian Coleman, Tyson Gay, Jarrion Lawson||37.65||Q, SB|
|2||4||China||Tang Xingqiang, Xie Zhenye, Su Bingtian, Zhang Peimeng||37.82||Q, AR|
|3||2||Canada||Akeem Haynes, Aaron Brown, Brendon Rodney, Mobolade Ajomale||37.89||Q, SB|
|4||6||Turkey||Izzet Safer, Jak Ali Harvey, Emre Zafer Barnes, Ramil Guliyev||38.30||NR|
|5||7||France||Marvin René, Stuart Dutamby, Mickael-Meba Zeze, Jimmy Vicaut||38.35||SB|
|6||8||Antigua and Barbuda||Chavaughn Walsh, Cejhae Greene, Jared Jarvis, Tahir Walsh||38.44||SB|
|7||5||Saint Kitts and Nevis||Jason Rogers, Kim Collins, Allistar Clarke, Antoine Adams||39.81|
|–||1||Dominican Republic||Mayobanex de Oleo, Yohandris Andújar, Stanly del Carmen, Yancarlos Martinez||DQ||R 162.7|
|1||6||Japan||Ryota Yamagata, Shota Iizuka, Yoshihide Kiryu, Asuka Cambridge||37.68||Q, AR|
|2||3||Jamaica||Jevaughn Minzie, Asafa Powell, Nickel Ashmeade, Kemar Bailey-Cole||37.94||Q, SB|
|3||7||Trinidad and Tobago||Keston Bledman, Rondel Sorrillo, Emmanuel Callender, Richard Thompson||37.96||Q, SB|
|4||1||Great Britain||Richard Kilty, Harry Aikines-Aryeetey, James Ellington, Chijindu Ujah||38.06||q|
|5||8||Brazil||Ricardo de Souza, Vitor Hugo dos Santos, Bruno de Barros, Jorge Vides||38.19||q|
|6||4||Germany||Julian Reus, Sven Knipphals, Robert Hering, Lucas Jakubczyk||38.26|
|7||5||Cuba||César Ruiz, Roberto Skyers, Reynier Mena, Yaniel Carrero||38.47|
|8||2||Netherlands||Solomon Bockarie, Hensley Paulina, Liemarvin Bonevacia, Giovanni Codrington||38.53|
|4||Jamaica||Asafa Powell, Yohan Blake, Nickel Ashmeade, Usain Bolt||37.27||SB|
|5||Japan||Ryota Yamagata, Shota Iizuka, Yoshihide Kiryu, Asuka Cambridge||37.60||AR|
|7||Canada||Akeem Haynes, Aaron Brown, Brendon Rodney, Andre De Grasse||37.64||NR|
|4||6||China||Tang Xingqiang, Xie Zhenye, Su Bingtian, Zhang Peimeng||37.90|
|5||1||Great Britain||Richard Kilty, Harry Aikines-Aryeetey, James Ellington, Adam Gemili||37.98|
|6||2||Brazil||Ricardo de Souza, Vitor Hugo dos Santos, Bruno de Barros, Jorge Vides||38.41|
|–||8||Trinidad and Tobago||Keston Bledman, Rondel Sorrillo, Emmanuel Callender, Richard Thompson||DQ||R 163.3a|
|–||3||United States||Mike Rodgers, Justin Gatlin, Tyson Gay, Trayvon Bromell||DQ||R 170.7|
- Timetable by discipline The XXXI Olympic Games BRAZIL Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL 05 AUG 2016–21 AUG 2016. IAAF. Retrieved on 2016-08-09.
- Morse, Parker (2016-08-06). Preview: men’s 4x100m – Rio 2016 Olympic Games. IAAF . Retrieved on 2016-08-09.
- men's 4 × 100 metres Relay The XXXI Olympic Games Timetable. IAAF. Retrieved on 2016-08-09.