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Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's 100 metres

The men's 100 metres sprint event at the 2008 Olympic Games took place on 15 and 16 August at the Beijing National Stadium.[1] The final was won by Jamaican Usain Bolt in a world record time of 9.69 seconds.

Men's 100 metres
at the Games of the XXIX Olympiad
Usain Bolt Olympics Celebration.jpg
Bolt after winning the 100m final
VenueBeijing National Stadium
Dates15 August (heats)
16 August (semifinal and final)
Competitors80 from 64 nations
Winning time9.69 WR
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Usain Bolt
 Jamaica
2nd, silver medalist(s) Richard Thompson
 Trinidad and Tobago
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Walter Dix
 United States
← 2004
2012 →

Holding a considerable lead 70 metres into the race, Bolt opened his arms in celebration before slapping his chest. British athlete and television presenter Kriss Akabusi criticized this gesture as showboating, noting that it cost Bolt an even faster record time.[2] IOC president Jacques Rogge also criticized Bolt's actions as disrespectful.[3][4] Bolt denied that this was the purpose of his mid-race celebration by saying "I wasn't bragging. When I saw I wasn't covered, I was just happy."[5]

SummaryEdit

Prior to the 2008 season, Usain Bolt was known as a 200-metre sprinter, having set the world youth best in the event four years earlier. He only dabbled in the 100 metres the year before with a one off race Rethymno. While people were impressed with his 10.03,[6] it didn't strike fear in the 9.9 sprinters around the world. In early May, he talked his coach into letting him try the 100 again, his 9.76 was the second fastest in history, only .02 behind fellow Jamaican Asafa Powell's world record.[7] At the end of the month he entered another 100 metres at the Adidas Grand Prix in New York City. There he was to face reigning triple world champion, Tyson Gay. The result was a new world record 9.72.

While Bolt's slow starts were seen as a liability, once he got moving, nobody seemed able to match his top end speed. He easily had the fastest times in both the quarterfinal and semi-final rounds, while injured Gay and Obikwelu were eliminated. The center lanes of the final, reserved for the fastest qualifiers, included Bolt, Powell, Dix and another collegiate phenom from LSU, Richard Thompson.

In the final, the third Jamaican in the race, Michael Frater got the best start, along with Thompson and Darvis Patton. 30 metres into the race, Bolt was into his full running position and had pulled even with the leader, Thompson. By the next 20 metres, Bolt was simply pulling away, with Thompson breaking up a Jamaican sweep of Frater and Powell. 20 metres before the finish, already with a 3-metre lead, Bolt held out his arms in celebration. Behind him, Dix and Churandy Martina were making a late rush to pick off Frater and Powell. Turning to look back at his vanquished competition, Bolt crossed the finish line sideways, still with the "showboating" and lack of form, his time was a new world record, 9.69. Thompson later said "I could see him slowing down ahead as I was still pumping away."[8]

RecordsEdit

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows:

World record   Usain Bolt (JAM) 9.72 s New York City, United States 31 May 2008
Olympic record   Donovan Bailey (CAN) 9.84 s Atlanta, United States 27 July 1996

The following new world and Olympic records were set during this competition.

Date Event Athlete Time OR WR
16 August Final   Usain Bolt (JAM) 9.69 s OR WR

QualificationEdit

Each National Olympic Committee (NOC) was able to enter up to three entrants providing they had met the A qualifying standard (10.21) in the qualifying period (1 January 2007 to 23 July 2008). NOCs were also permitted to enter one athlete providing he had met the B standard (10.28) in the same qualifying period.[9]

DisqualificationEdit

Eight years after the event, the IOC reanalyzed doping samples and disqualified Samuel Francis for having stanozolol in his sample.[10]

ResultsEdit

All times shown are in seconds. The following abbreviations are used:

  • Q denotes qualification by place
  • q denotes qualification by time
  • DNS denotes did not start
  • DNF denotes did not finish
  • DSQ denotes disqualification
  • PB denotes personal best
  • SB denotes season best
  • NR denotes national record
  • CR denotes continental record
  • WR denotes world record

The first round was held on 15 August. The first three runners of each heat plus the next ten overall fastest runners qualified for the second round.

Heat 1

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 3 Usain Bolt   Jamaica 0.186 10.20 Q
2 9 Daniel Bailey   Antigua and Barbuda 0.198 10.24 Q
3 6 Vicente de Lima   Brazil 0.168 10.26 =SB Q
4 2 Henry Vizcaíno   Cuba 0.157 10.28 q
5 4 Fabio Cerutti   Italy 0.136 10.49
6 5 Jurgen Themen   Suriname 0.179 10.61 PB
7 8 Moses Kamut   Vanuatu 0.181 10.81
8 7 Francis Manioru   Solomon Islands 0.197 11.09
Wind: -0.2 m/s

Heat 2

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 5 Asafa Powell   Jamaica 0.142 10.16 Q
2 3 Kim Collins   Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.162 10.17 Q
3 7 Craig Pickering   Great Britain 0.174 10.21 Q
4 2 Daniel Grueso   Colombia 0.178 10.35 q
5 9 Dariusz Kuć   Poland 0.144 10.44 q
6 8 Béranger Bosse   Central African Republic 0.144 10.51 SB
7 6 Aisea Tohi   Tonga 0.159 11.17
8 4 Roman William Cress   Marshall Islands 0.190 11.18
Wind: 0.0 m/s

Heat 3

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 8 Richard Thompson   Trinidad and Tobago 0.188 10.24 Q
2 5 Martial Mbandjock   France 0.162 10.26 Q
3 4 Simone Collio   Italy 0.140 10.32 Q
4 2 Aziz Zakari   Ghana 0.177 10.34 q
5 6 Andrew Hinds   Barbados 0.140 10.35 q
6 3 Suryo Agung Wibowo   Indonesia 0.175 10.46
7 7 Jared Lewis   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.123 11.00
8 9 Rabangaki Nawai   Kiribati 0.152 11.29 SB
Wind: 0.0 m/s

Heat 4

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 3 Michael Frater   Jamaica 0.156 10.15 Q
2 4 Pierre Browne   Canada 0.141 10.22 Q
3 6 Darrel Brown   Trinidad and Tobago 0.139 10.22 Q
4 7 Nobuharu Asahara   Japan 0.160 10.25 q
5 9 Holder da Silva   Guinea-Bissau 0.184 10.58
6 2 Idrissa Sanou   Burkina Faso 0.171 10.63
7 8 Ghyd-Kermeliss-Holly Olonghot   Republic of the Congo 0.172 11.01
8 5 Massoud Azizi   Afghanistan 0.160 11.45
Wind: 0.2 m/s

Heat 5

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 2 Tyson Gay   United States 0.148 10.22 Q
2 5 Olusoji A. Fasuba   Nigeria 0.156 10.29 Q
3 4 José Carlos Moreira   Brazil 0.192 10.29 Q
4 7 Ángel David Rodríguez   Spain 0.145 10.34 q
5 9 Lukas Milo   Czech Republic 0.145 10.52
6 8 Mhadjou Youssouf   Comoros 0.170 10.62 PB
7 3 Danny D'Souza   Seychelles 0.180 11.00
8 6 Shanahan Sanitoa   American Samoa 0.158 12.60
Wind: 0.7 m/s

Heat 6

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 5 Tyrone Edgar   Great Britain 0.138 10.13 Q
2 6 Darvis Patton   United States 0.149 10.25 Q
3 7 Ronald Pognon   France 0.167 10.26 Q
4 2 Hu Kai   China 0.152 10.39 q
5 4 Abdullah Al-Sooli   Oman 0.153 10.53 PB
6 8 Desislav Gunev   Bulgaria 0.152 10.66
7 3 Ali Shareef   Maldives 0.171 11.11 NR
8 9 Souksavanh Tonsacktheva   Laos 0.183 11.51
Wind: 0.9 m/s

Heat 7

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 4 Francis Obikwelu   Portugal 0.190 10.25 Q
2 2 Obinna Metu   Nigeria 0.176 10.34 Q
3 5 Walter Dix   United States 0.167 10.35 Q
4 6 Anson Henry   Canada 0.138 10.37 q
5 8 Dmytro Hlushchenko   Ukraine 0.200 10.57
6 3 Calvin Kang Li Loong   Singapore 0.140 10.73
7 9 Jesse Tamangrow   Palau 0.146 11.38 PB
8 7 Reginaldo Micha Ndong   Equatorial Guinea 0.242 11.61
Wind: -1.4 m/s

Heat 8

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 3 Derrick Atkins   Bahamas 0.162 10.28 Q
2 4 Andrey Yepishin   Russia 0.172 10.34 Q
3 9 Jaysuma Saidy Ndure   Norway 0.164 10.37 Q
4 6 Uchenna Emedolu   Nigeria 0.192 10.46
5 2 Suwaibou Sanneh   The Gambia 0.157 10.52
6 5 Sandro Viana   Brazil 0.160 10.60
7 7 Lai Chun Ho   Hong Kong 0.199 10.63
8 8 Mohamed Abu Abdullah   Bangladesh 0.174 11.07
Wind: -0.1 m/s

Heat 9

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
DSQ 6 Samuel Francis   Qatar 0.153 10.40 Q
2 5 Marc Burns   Trinidad and Tobago 0.160 10.46 Q
3 9 Matic Osovnikar   Slovenia 0.187 10.46 Q
4 7 Rolando Palacios   Honduras 0.189 10.49
5 2 Ruslan Abbasov   Azerbaijan 0.154 10.58
6 4 Sébastien Gattuso   Monaco 0.164 10.70
7 8 Jack Howard   Federated States of Micronesia 0.204 11.03
8 3 Gordon Heather   Cook Islands 0.214 11.41 PB
Wind: -1.7 m/s

Heat 10

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 4 Churandy Martina   Netherlands Antilles 0.164 10.35 Q
2 5 Naoki Tsukahara   Japan 0.169 10.39 Q
3 6 Simeon Williamson   Great Britain 0.183 10.42 Q
4 9 Tobias Unger   Germany 0.161 10.46 q
5 8 Franklin Nazareno   Ecuador 0.178 10.60
6 7 Wilfried Bingangoye   Gabon 0.171 10.87
7 2 Moumi Sebergue   Chad 0.210 11.14
8 3 Okilani Tinilau   Tuvalu 0.174 11.48 NR
Wind: -1.3 m/s
Q - Qualified as one of first 3 in heat
q - Qualified as one of the next 10 fastest

QuarterfinalsEdit

The quarterfinals was held on 15 August. The first three runners of each heat plus the next overall fastest runner qualified for the semifinals.

Quarterfinal 1

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 4 Churandy Martina   Netherlands Antilles 0.142 9.99 NR Q
2 7 Michael Frater   Jamaica 0.154 10.09 Q
3 6 Naoki Tsukahara   Japan 0.156 10.23 SB Q
4 9 Simeon Williamson   Great Britain 0.127 10.32
5 3 Henry Vizcaíno   Cuba 0.167 10.33
6 5 Pierre Browne   Canada 0.144 10.36
7 2 Dariusz Kuć   Poland 0.176 10.46
8 8 Darrel Brown   Trinidad and Tobago 0.119 10.93
Wind: -0.1 m/s

Quarterfinal 2

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 6 Richard Thompson   Trinidad and Tobago 0.170 9.99 Q
2 4 Tyson Gay   United States 0.146 10.09 Q
3 7 Martial Mbandjock   France 0.160 10.16 Q
4 5 Olusoji A. Fasuba   Nigeria 0.147 10.21
5 2 Andrew Hinds   Barbados 0.148 10.25
6 8 José Carlos Moreira   Brazil 0.193 10.32
7 9 Simone Collio   Italy 0.138 10.33
8 3 Daniel Grueso   Colombia 0.193 10.37
Wind: 0.0 m/s

Quarterfinal 3

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 6 Marc Burns   Trinidad and Tobago 0.174 10.05 Q
2 4 Kim Collins   Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.150 10.07 =SB Q
3 5 Tyrone Edgar   Great Britain 0.130 10.10 Q
DSQ 7 Samuel Francis   Qatar 0.164 10.11 q
5 9 Ronald Pognon   France 0.167 10.21
6 8 Matic Osovnikar   Slovenia 0.171 10.24
7 2 Tobias Unger   Germany 0.136 10.36
8 3 Nobuharu Asahara   Japan 0.145 10.37
Wind: -0.2 m/s

Quarterfinal 4

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 7 Usain Bolt   Jamaica 0.165 9.92 Q
2 5 Darvis Patton   United States 0.159 10.04 Q
3 4 Francis Obikwelu   Portugal 0.168 10.09 Q
4 8 Jaysuma Saidy Ndure   Norway 0.133 10.14
5 9 Craig Pickering   Great Britain 0.144 10.18
6 6 Obinna Metu   Nigeria 0.174 10.27
7 3 Anson Henry   Canada 0.142 10.33
8 2 Ángel David Rodríguez   Spain 0.154 10.35
Wind: 0.1 m/s

Quarterfinal 5

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 7 Asafa Powell   Jamaica 0.149 10.02 Q
2 9 Walter Dix   United States 0.163 10.08 Q
3 5 Derrick Atkins   Bahamas 0.179 10.14 Q
4 4 Daniel Bailey   Antigua and Barbuda 0.149 10.23
5 3 Aziz Zakari   Ghana 0.167 10.24
6 6 Andrey Yepishin   Russia 0.158 10.25
7 8 Vicente de Lima   Brazil 0.157 10.31
8 2 Hu Kai   China 0.165 10.40
Wind: -0.1 m/s

SemifinalsEdit

The semifinals were held on 16 August. The first four runners from each semifinal qualified for the final.

Semifinal 1

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 7 Usain Bolt   Jamaica 0.161 9.85 Q
2 6 Walter Dix   United States 0.143 9.95 SB Q
3 4 Marc Burns   Trinidad and Tobago 0.124 9.97 =SB Q
4 9 Michael Frater   Jamaica 0.163 10.01 Q
5 5 Kim Collins   Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.163 10.05 SB
6 2 Derrick Atkins   Bahamas 0.159 10.13
7 8 Tyrone Edgar   Great Britain 0.143 10.18
DSQ 3 Samuel Francis   Qatar 0.146 10.20
Wind: -0.1 m/s

Semifinal 2

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes Qual.
1 6 Asafa Powell   Jamaica 0.161 9.91 Q
2 7 Richard Thompson   Trinidad and Tobago 0.175 9.93 =PB Q
3 5 Churandy Martina   Netherlands Antilles 0.138 9.94 NR Q
4 4 Darvis Patton   United States 0.149 10.03 Q
5 9 Tyson Gay   United States 0.145 10.05
6 8 Francis Obikwelu   Portugal 0.157 10.10
7 3 Naoki Tsukahara   Japan 0.143 10.16 SB
8 2 Martial Mbandjock   France 0.148 10.18
Wind: 0.3 m/s

FinalEdit

The final was held on 16 August.

Rank Lane Name Nationality Reaction Time Result Notes
  4 Usain Bolt   Jamaica 0.165 9.69 WR
  5 Richard Thompson   Trinidad and Tobago 0.133 9.89 PB
  6 Walter Dix   United States 0.133 9.91 PB
4 9 Churandy Martina   Netherlands Antilles 0.169 9.93 NR
5 7 Asafa Powell   Jamaica 0.134 9.95
6 2 Michael Frater   Jamaica 0.147 9.97 PB
7 8 Marc Burns   Trinidad and Tobago 0.145 10.01
8 3 Darvis Patton   United States 0.142 10.03
Wind: 0.0 m/s
 
Bolt held a considerable lead over his rivals in the closing stages of the 100 m final

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Olympic Athletics Competition Schedule". IAAF. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ Akabusi, Kriss (2008-08-19). "Bolt's showboating is a slap for us idealists". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ IOC Rips Bolt for Lack of 'Respect', Associated Press, 2008-08-21, archived from the original on 24 August 2008, retrieved 2008-08-21 Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ Broadbent, Rick (2008-08-21). "Deluded Jacques Rogge fails to see the champion in Usain Bolt". The Times. London. Retrieved 2008-08-21.
  5. ^ Landells, Steve (2008-08-16). ""It was crazy, phenomenal" - Bolt's 9.69 100 metres stuns the Bird's Nest". IAAF. Archived from the original on 18 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ https://www.iaaf.org/news/report/impressive-1003-by-bolt-in-rethymno-vardino
  7. ^ https://www.iaaf.org/news/report/bolt-stuns-with-976-dash-in-kingston-jamaic
  8. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2008/aug/17/olympicsathletics.olympics2008
  9. ^ "Entry Standards - The XXIX Olympic Games - Beijing, China - 8/24 August 2008". IAAF. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-04. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ "IOC sanctions two athletes for failing anti-doping tests at Beijing 2008". olympic.org. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2018.

External linksEdit