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The Athens Tram is the modern public tram network system serving Athens, Greece. It is now owned and operated by Urban Rail Transport (STASY) S.A. (Greek: ΣΤΑΣΥ Α.Ε.).

Athens Tram
Logo of the Athens Tram (icon only).svg
Operation
LocaleAthens, Greece
Open2004/7/19[1]
Routes3[2]
Owner(s)Urban Rail Transport S.A. (STASY)
Operator(s)Urban Rail Transport S.A. (STASY)
Infrastructure
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge[1]
Stock35 Sirio vehicles[1]
Statistics
Route length32.4 km (20.1 mi)[3]
Stops60[1]

STASY operates a fleet of 35 Sirio vehicles,[1] which serve 3 tram lines[2] and 48 tram stops.[1] The tram network spans a total length of 27 kilometres (16.8 mi),[3] and covers ten Athenian suburbs.[citation needed] This network runs from Kasomouli[4] (near central Athens) to the southwestern suburb of Palaio Faliro, where the line splits in two branches; the first runs along the Athens coastline toward the southern suburb of Voula, while the other heads toward the port of Piraeus. The network covers the majority of the city's Saronic Gulf coastline.[citation needed] Athens' STASY tram system provides average daily service to 65,000 passengers,[citation needed] and employs 345 people.[citation needed] Photography and video-taking on the tram and its stations is allowed.

HistoryEdit

 
A Sirio type tramway

Old tram networks (1908-1960)Edit

Athens Tram began its operations in 1882 with horse tramways. After 1908, the metre gauge tram network was electrified[1] and was extended to 21 lines.

The original Athens tram system ceased operations in 1960 and was replaced by trolleybuses and motorbuses.[1]

However, a standard gauge tram system was built along the perimeter of Piraeus Harbour by the Hellenic Electric Railways.

Modern tram systemEdit

 
Tram in Athens

In March 2001, Tram S.A. was established as a public utility company under the supervision of the Ministry of Transport and Communications, as a subsidiary company of Attiko Metro S.A. the state company which developed the Athens Metro network.[1][5] The company started the construction of the tram lines in the beginning of 2002, while the commercial launch of the system took place in July 2004, a few weeks prior to the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. The construction of the tram network was financed by the Third European Regional Development Fund and Greek state funds.[1]

In March 2011, the Greek Government passed Law 3920[6] to allow ISAP and Athens Tram to be absorbed by Athens Metro Operations Company (AMEL). The resulting company was renamed "STASY S.A." (Greek: ΣΤΑΣΥ Α.Ε.) and is a subsidiary of OASA S.A. The merger was officially announced on June 10, 2011.[7]

The section between Syntagma Square and Kasomouli was closed indefinitely in November 2018 due to subsidence, while a new section from Neo Faliro to Piraeus opened in April 2019.[8]

Ticketing policyEdit

 
Typical tram station

Ticket counters operate in some of the stations. Automatic ticket machines with touch screens are available at all stations.[9]

Purchased tickets are valid for 90 minutes (1 hour 30 minutes) after validation and can be used for several rides on most other means of public transport in Athens including the metro, buses, trolleybuses, and the urban part of the suburban railway (between Piraeus, Magoula and Koropi stations, excluding the airport). Passengers must validate their tickets at the electronic validating machines inside the tram vehicle at the start of their ride. The normal adult flat fare is €1.40 (valid for 90 minutes).[10]

There are daily and weekly tickets, as well as monthly cards which also apply for all means of public transport in Athens.[11] Fares are checked frequently; passengers who fail to show a validated ticket or a monthly card are penalized by a fine of 60 times the price of a standard ticket.[12]

Children under 6, the handicapped, and persons currently enlisted in the military are eligible for free transportation.[13]

Routes and stopsEdit

Athens Tram has three routes named after ancient Greeks: Thucydides, Aristotle and Plato.[citation needed] Trams run from approximately 5:00am to midnight daily.[14][15]

The following table lists the routes and the stops for the Athens tram:

Athens Tram routes
Route Map colorI First section opened Latest section opened Route Length (km, mi) Stops
  Blue July 19, 2004 April, 2019 Akti Posidonos – Asklippio Voulas 21.5 km (13.4 mi) 42
  Red July 19, 2004 April, 2019 Akti Posidonos –Kasomouli 19.6 km (12.2 mi) 39
  Green July 19, 2004 November 16, 2007 Kasomouli – Asklippio Voulas 18.2 km (11.3 mi) 37


See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

^I As of October 2012, none of the organisations behind the construction or operation of the Athens Metro specify the exact line colour values for web or print, but they agree on a general colour scheme for identifying lines.[2][16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Urban Rail Transport S.A.: Tramway". Urban Rail Transport S.A. (STASY). July 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-25.
  2. ^ a b c "Athens Public Transportation Map" (PDF). Athens Urban Transport Organisation. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
  3. ^ a b "Urban Rail Transport S.A. - THE COMPANY - Commercial Exploitation - TRAM". Urban Rail Transport S.A. (STASY). Retrieved 2013-09-19.
  4. ^ "Athens tram route in limbo, Alexandra Kassimi | Kathimerini". www.ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
  5. ^ "Attiko Metro S.A. - The Company". ametro.gr. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 18 May 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ Law 3920, Government Gazette issue A-33, 2011-03-03.
  7. ^ Ministerial Decision 28737/2637, Government Gazette issue B-1454, 2011-06-17
  8. ^ "Athens tram route in limbo, Alexandra Kassimi | Kathimerini". www.ekathimerini.com. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
  9. ^ "Tram SA - Points Of Sales of tickets". TramSA.gr. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-05-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ http://www.stasy.gr/index.php?id=78#c86
  11. ^ "Tram SA - Cards". TramSA.gr. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-05-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ "Tram SA - Fines". TramSA.gr. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-05-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ "Tram SA - Free transportasion". TramSA.gr. Archived from the original on 2010-05-12. Retrieved 2010-05-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ "Urban Rail Transport S.A.: First & Last Train Departures". Urban Rail Transport S.A. (STASY). Retrieved 2013-07-25.
  15. ^ "Urban Rail Transport S.A.: Detailed TRAM Timetables". Urban Rail Transport S.A. (STASY). Retrieved 2013-07-25.
  16. ^ "Athens Metro Regulatory Plan" (PDF). Attiko Metro S.A. 30 January 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External linksEdit