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HistoryEdit

Aston was first mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as "Estone", having a mill, a priest and therefore probably a church, woodland and ploughland. The Church of Saints Peter and Paul was built in medieval times to replace an earlier church. The body of the church was rebuilt by J. A. Chatwin during the period 1879 to 1890; the 15th century tower and spire, which was partly rebuilt in 1776, being the only survivors of the medieval building.

The ancient parish of Aston (known as Aston juxta Birmingham) was large. It was separated from the parish of Birmingham by AB Row, which currently exists in the Eastside of the city at just 50 yards in length. Aston, as Aston Manor, was governed by a Local Board from 1869 and was created as an Urban District Council in 1903 before being absorbed in the expansion of the County Borough of Birmingham in 1911 [2], and a further part, Saltley was added in 1911.

Old buildings which became popular within Aston included the Aston Hippodrome and the Bartons Arms public house. Gospel Hall on Park Lane was opened in 1892 and demolished in the 1970s to be rebuilt at the top of Park Lane in 1979. The original hall had a seating capacity of 73. Another meeting place was the Ellen Knox Memorial Hall which was next door to the Midland Vinegar Brewery. The brewery was owned by the Midland Brewery Company was built around 1877.[3] It was located on Upper Thomas Street. The brewery was a three-storey brick building with rounded corners and semi-circular windows. The roof was slated. Other industry that was located in Aston include the Premier Motor Works which produced cars during the early 20th century. The works were situated at the junction of Aston Road and Dartmouth Street. On Miller Street was a tramcar depot which had a storage capacity of 104 tramcars. It opened in 1904 latterly being operated by the City of Birmingham Tramways Company Ltd on behalf of the Urban District Council before formally passing to Birmingham Corporation Tramways on 1 January 1912.[4]

 
Aston University. Its campus is about 1.3m south of Aston in Birmingham city centre.

Aston underwent large scale redevelopment following the Second World War. South Aston was designated a renewal area involving comprehensive redevelopment of the traditonal area known as "Aston New Town".[5] The area, was more commonly called simply "Newtown" and is a large estate consisting of sixteen tower blocks, five of which have since been demolished. The project was approved in 1968. Three 20-storey tower blocks on the complex contained 354 flats alone.[6]

Today, Aston gives its name to Aston Villa F.C. and Aston University (the campus of which is not in Aston but about 1.3 to the south in Birmingham city centre). Aston University is one of four universities in Birmingham. Aston Villa have played at Villa Park since 1897, and it has traditionally been one of the largest football grounds in England that has staged many notable matches at club and international level. The park has also hosted other sports and events including international level rugby league and rugby union. This is one of the main attractions in this town.

Much of Aston consists of terraced houses that were built around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Some of these houses were demolished in the late 1960s to make way for the Aston Expressway, which links Birmingham city centre to the M6 motorway. In the late 1950s, Aston was the location of the famous 'Venus Baby' case of Cynthia Appleton (87 Fentham Road).

By the early 1980s, Aston was suffering from severe deprivation with many of the terraced houses being outdated for the requirements of the time. Many of them lacked bathrooms and indoor toilets, whilst the vast majority were suffering from decay as a result of a lack of maintenance. There was speculation that the homes would be demolished, but Birmingham City Council made money available to the homeowners for them to be brought up to modern standards.

From 2001 to 2011, Aston underwent a £54 million Birmingham regeneration project named "Aston Pride", as part of the New Deal for Communities scheme in 2001. Many improvements were made, including reducing burglary, robbery and vehicle crime; spending £4 million on a health centre; and helping more than 1300 people find work (more than the target of 400).

CrimeEdit

Crime levels in Aston have remained stagnant in recent years. In September 2011, there were 340 reported crimes, while in September 2018, there were 308. The crime rate in the ward is 9.63, which is higher than in other areas like Handsworth Wood (6.98) but lower than Nechells (13.91).[citation needed]

The majority of the crime is due to violence, antisocial behaviour, vehicle crime, and robbery. On 2 January 2003, gunmen shot at three innocent teenage girls who were celebrating the New Year in the [Birchfield] area of Aston. Two of the girls were killed and another was seriously injured. More than 18 bullets were fired from at least two weapons.[7] Four men were later tried and found guilty of murder in March 2005. Marcus Ellis (the half-brother of one of the two dead girls), Nathan Martin and Michael Gregory were sentenced to life imprisonment with recommended minimum terms of 35 years on two charges of murder and three of attempted murder. A fourth man, Rodrigo Simms, received life with a recommended minimum of 27 years for the same crimes.[8] A fifth defendant, Jermaine Carty, had walked free from court after being cleared of possessing a firearm.[9] The four men convicted were members of a notorious local gang known as the Burger Bar Boys, who had been trying to gain revenge on members of their rival gang the Johnson Crew: a notorious local gang originating in the mid-1980s.[10]

PoliticsEdit

The Aston ward is represented by two Labour councillors: Muhammad Afzal and Nagina Kauser.[11]

It is part of the Birmingham Ladywood constituency, represented by Labour MP Shabana Mahmood, who was elected in 2010, 2015 and 2017, with her most recent majority of 70%.

DemographicsEdit

The 2011 census found that 32,286 people were living in Aston. 50.4% of the population was female and 49.6% was male. This was above and below the national and city average respectively.

Aston is a very diverse community, ethnically, with 44% of the population born outside the United Kingdom. The largest ethnic group was Asian at 55%. More specifically, the Pakistani ethnic group was the largest at 38% of all Asians. Black British was the second largest ethnic group at 26%. White British was the third largest ethnic group at 18%. Islam was the most prominent religion in the ward with 54% of the ward's population stating themselves as Muslim, above the city average. Christianity was the second most prominent religion in Aston at 26%.

The ethnic makeup of the area drastically changed in the 1950s and 1960s with immigration from the Commonwealth. Most of the immigrants were from the Indian subcontinent, though a significant number were from the Caribbean.

The mean age in Aston is 29.1, below the mean age in Birmingham, which is 32, and England, which is 39.

33.2% of residents in Aston have no qualifications, higher than the Birmingham average of 28.2%. However, 19.4% of residents aged 18 or over are in education, which is much higher than the Birmingham average of 9.5%.

Aston has one of the highest rates of unemployment in the city, with 10.2% of residents classed as economically active, yet unemployed, compared to the city average of 7.1%.

21% of employed residents are classified as working in elementary occupations, according to the SOC 2010.[12] This refers to jobs that "do not require formal educational qualifications" and often require labour. There is also an above average percentage of residents working in 'caring and leisure' and 'sales and customer service' occupations, and a below average percentage of residents working in 'managerial and directorial' positions and 'professional and technical' occupations.[13]

EducationEdit

There are three secondary schools in Aston: Broadway Academy, King Edward VI Aston and Aston Manor School.

There are seven primary schools: Aston Tower Community Primary School, Birchfield Community School, Manor Park Primary Academy, Mansfield Green E-ACT Academy, Sacred Heart Catholic Primary School, Prince Albert Primary School, and Yew Tree Community School.

There are two libraries in the ward: Aston Library and Birchfield Library. Aston Library was due to be shut down by Birmingham City Council in order to save money; however, this decision was reversed after public consultation. It is now run by community organisations.[14]

Aston CrossEdit

Aston Cross was once the home of Ansells Brewery and HP Sauce. The six-acre Aston site was purchased by developer Chancerygate in 2007 at £800,000 per acre, but they subsequently sold it for half that price and it now houses a distribution warehouse for East End Foods. Aston Manor Brewery was started in Thimblemill Lane in 1982 by former employees of Ansell's after Ansell's Aston Brewery closed.

From 1956 to 1969, Aston Cross was the Midlands base of television broadcaster ATV which had its Alpha Studios on Aston Road North. The ATV office building later became the studios of radio stations BRMB and XTRA-AM. Although both stations moved to Birmingham's Broad Street in the early 1990s, the building is still called Radio House. Launching in February 1974, BRMB was the UK's fourth commercial radio station and, while in Aston, was the most listened to station in the West Midlands.

Places of interestEdit

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Birmingham Ward population 2011". Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  2. ^ https://www.birmingham.gov.uk/info/50170/local_history/1644/aston_local_history
  3. ^ Douglas Hickman (1970). Birmingham. Studio Vista Limited. p. 40.
  4. ^ Astonbrook through Astonmanor: Aston Development Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ BGFL: Redevelopment and Renewal
  6. ^ Emporis: Newtown, Birmingham
  7. ^ "Gunmen fired more than 30 shots". BBC News. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 1 August 2008.
  8. ^ Parker, Andrew (21 May 2007). "Burger Bar killers jailed". The Sun. London.
  9. ^ "Four jailed for New Year killings". BBC News. 21 March 2005. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Background: How the Burger Bar Boys and the Johnson crew came to the fore". Birmingham Mail. 6 February 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Councillors by Ward: Aston". www.birmingham.gov.uk. Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  12. ^ "SOC 2010 - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Census 2011 KS608 Occupation". www.birmingham.gov.uk. Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  14. ^ "New plans to save two libraries". BBC News. 7 February 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  15. ^ "The street where heavy metal began". BBC News. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  16. ^ Authi, Jasbir; Bentley, David (27 May 2015). "Sir Arthur Conan Doyle convention is coming to Birmingham". birminghammail. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  17. ^ "From the Archives: Was Sherlock Holmes a Villa fan?". www.avfc.co.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  18. ^ Stuff, Good. "Arthur Conan Doyle blue plaque in Birmingham". www.blueplaqueplaces.co.uk. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  19. ^ Wollaston, Steve (20 January 2015). "Birmingham City: All you need to know about Lloyd Dyer". BirminghamLive. Retrieved 4 May 2019.

External linksEdit