Birmingham Ladywood (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Birmingham Ladywood in Birmingham
Location of Birmingham within England
|Population||126,693 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||74,008 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Shabana Mahmood (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Birmingham West and Birmingham North|
Members of ParliamentEdit
Clare Short, elected as a Labour MP from the 1983 general election onwards, resigned the Labour whip on 20 October 2006 and wished it to be known that she would continue to sit in the Commons as an independent MP.
Birmingham Ladywood is an area of Birmingham City Centre along with the areas of Aston, Ladywood, Nechells and Soho. The area is one of the most multicultural in Birmingham and the whole of the United Kingdom; in the 1991 census, 55.6% of the constituency was of minority ethnic, the highest in England at the time. In the recession of 2008–09, it was the first place in the UK where the claimant count rate of unemployment exceeded 10%, breaching that level in January 2009. In July 2008, Ladywood had the highest unemployment rate in the whole of the West Midlands (by the international standardised measure, which is usually higher than the claimant count) at just over 18%, compared with neighbouring Birmingham seats Perry Barr (8.1%), Sparkbrook and Small Heath (13.9%), and Yardley (7%). For the year ending September 2014, the unemployment rate was 12.4%, although the employment rate had increased only slightly, from 46.1% to 46.6% (compared with 69.7% for the West Midlands as a whole).
The average house price in Ladywood is just under £155,000; making it much lower than the national average of just over £288,000.
2010–present: As 1997 but with redrawn boundaries.
1997–2010: The City of Birmingham wards of Aston, Ladywood, Nechells, and Soho.
1983–1997: The City of Birmingham wards of Ladywood, Sandwell, and Soho.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of All Saints', Ladywood, Rotton Park, and Soho.
1955–1974: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of Duddeston, Ladywood, and St Paul's.
1950–1955: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of All Saints', Ladywood, and Rotton Park.
1918–1950: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of Ladywood and Rotton Park.
The constituency includes the entirety of Birmingham City Centre (Ladywood ward), as well as Aston, Nechells and Soho which (based on the indices of Multiple Deprivation) are the city wards of highest deprivation. Aston University is within the seat, as are Birmingham's two league football clubs, Aston Villa and Birmingham City.
- Summary of results
The constituency has undergone several boundary changes since its creation in 1918 but has remained a safe Labour seat since the Second World War, with the exception of a by-election in 1969 when Wallace Lawler won the seat for the Liberal Party and the immediately surrounding period when its majority was marginal. The seat was regained for Labour by Doris Fisher at the 1970 general election. The 2015 general election result made the seat the sixth-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
- Notable representatives
The constituency's first MP was the future Conservative Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, who transferred to the Edgbaston seat in 1929. The current MP is Shabana Mahmood, one of the UK's first three female Muslim MPs.
The first campaign for this constituency in 1918 was notable because the Liberal Party candidate was Mrs Margery Corbett Ashby, one of only seventeen women candidates to contest a parliamentary election at the first opportunity. Chamberlain reacted to this intervention by being one of the few male candidates to specifically target women voters; deploying his wife, issuing a special leaflet headed "A word to the Ladies" and holding two meetings in the afternoon.
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Lee Dargue||2,228||5.3||2.5|
|Brexit Party||Andrew Garcarz||831||1.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Lee Dargue||1,156||2.8||1.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Shazad Iqbal||1,374||3.8||23.6|
|Liberty GB||Tim Burton||216||0.6||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Ayoub Khan||9,845||27.5||1.9|
|Conservative||Nusrat M. Ghani||4,277||11.9||3.5|
|Green||Peter C. Beck||859||2.4||2.1|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Ayoub Khan||10,461||31.5||23.3|
|Conservative||Benjamin H. Prentice||3,551||11.3||2.0|
|Liberal Democrats||S. Mahmood Chaudhry||2,586||8.2||0.3|
|People's Justice||Allah Ditta||2,112||6.7||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Surinder P. Virdee||443||1.4||N/A|
|Muslim Party||Mahmood Hussain||432||1.4||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||James Caffery||392||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Sardul Singh Marwa||3,020||8.0||0.2|
|Referendum||Ruth A. Gurney||1,086||2.9||N/A|
|National Democrats||Andrew Carmichael||685||1.8||N/A|
|Conservative||Barbara S. Ashford||9,604||25.6||5.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Brian L. Worth||3,068||8.2||1.1|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|SDP||Gurdial Singh Sangha||3,532||9.3||11.2|
|Conservative||Pramilia Le Hunte||10,248||27.1||10.6|
|Stop Deportation of Black People||Baba Bakhtaura||355||0.9||N/A|
|Workers Revolutionary||Rodney Atkinson||198||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Liberal||Kenneth George Hardeman||2,030||9.6||3.8|
|National Front||Anthony Reed Herbert||888||5.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Kenneth George Hardeman||765||4.9||8.5|
|Socialist Unity||Raghib Ahsan||534||3.5||N/A|
|Independent Conservative||George Matthews||71||0.5||N/A|
|Reform Party||Peter Courtney||63||0.4||N/A|
|Air Road Public Safety||Bill Boaks||46||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal||Kenneth George Hardeman||3,086||13.4||1.2|
|Liberal||Kenneth George Hardeman||3,753||14.6||20.4|
|National Front||John Alexander Alfred Davis||751||2.9||N/A|
|Conservative||Charles Lawrence Wade||2,523||21.6||4.2|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|British Movement||Colin Jordan||282||3.0||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Labour||Swing|
|Conservative||Thomas G. John||2,621||17.4||19.4|
|Conservative||Thomas G. John||5,879||36.8||0.5|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||Thomas G. John||8,393||36.3||2.0|
|Conservative||Peter W Hodgens||9,665||34.3||6.1|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||27.7|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Unionist||Geoffrey William Lloyd||16,436||50.0|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Liberal||Alfred William Bowkett||539||2.0||2.0|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Labour||John William Kneeshaw||2,572||19.0|
|Liberal||Margery Corbett Ashby||1,552||11.5|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Birmingham, Ladywood: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
- Residence-based unemployment rates by parliamentary constituency United Kingdom, June 2008 House of Commons research paper
- "Unemployment in graphics". BBC News. Recession tracker. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
- "Constituency Profile". nomis official labour market statistics. Source: Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Economically Active - Time Series: In employment". nomis official labour market statistics. Source: Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Zoopla > Search Property to Buy, Rent, House Prices, Estate Agents". www.zoopla.co.uk.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Adetunji, Jo; Tran, Mark (7 May 2010). "General election 2010: first female Muslim MPs elected". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- Hallam, David J.A. Taking on the Men: the first women parliamentary candidates 1918, Studley, 2018 chapter 4, 'Corbett Ashby in Ladywood'.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and notice of poll". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and notice of poll". Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll 2010" (PDF).
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Birmingham Ladywood". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results May 1997". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 1 May 1992. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer