Askola (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈɑskolɑ]) is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 4,881 (31 March 2021) and covers an area of 218.03 square kilometres (84.18 sq mi) of which 5.61 km2 (2.17 sq mi) is water. The population density is 22.98 inhabitants per square kilometre (59.5/sq mi). Monninkylä is the largest village of municipality in terms of population (1,326 inhabitants). Neighbouring municipalities are Myrskylä, Mäntsälä, Pornainen, Porvoo and Pukkila.
Location of Askola in Finland
|• Municipal manager||Esko Rautiainen|
|• Total||218.03 km2 (84.18 sq mi)|
|• Land||212.42 km2 (82.02 sq mi)|
|• Water||5.61 km2 (2.17 sq mi)|
|Area rank||260th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||174th largest in Finland|
|• Density||22.98/km2 (59.5/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||95.5% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||18.7%|
|• 15 to 64||61%|
|• 65 or older||20.2%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.5%|
The coat of arms of the municipality seeks influence from the history of the parish; the millstone is reminiscent of the Askolas's many mills and famous breads, while the roses of the coat of arms refer to Finnish author Johannes Linnankoski, who was born and influenced in Askola, whose most famous work was The Song of the Blood-Red Flower.
In 1967, Askola had 12 legally recognized villages (henkikirjakylät):
In 2020, 18.7% of the population of Askola was under the age of 15, 61.0% were aged 15 to 64, and 20.2% were over the age of 65. The average age was 42.3, under the national average of 43.4 but above the regional average of 41.0. Speakers of Finnish made up 93.7% of the population and speakers of Swedish made up 3.4%, while the share of speakers of foreign languages was 2.9%. Foreign nationals made up 1.8% of the total population.
The chart below, describing the development of the total population of Askola from 1975-2020, encompasses the municipality's area as of 2021.
|Source: Statistics Finland|
In 2019, out of the total population of 4,943, 2,636 people lived in urban areas and 2,251 in sparsely populated areas, while the coordinates of 56 people were unknown. This made Askola's degree of urbanization 53.9%. The urban population in the municipality was divided between two urban areas as follows:
|2||Askola parish village||1,312|
Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Askola:
In 2018, 8.1% of the workforce of Askola worked in primary production (agriculture, forestry and fishing), 36.2% in secondary production (e.g. manufacturing, construction and infrastructure), and 53.1% in services. In 2019, the unemployment rate was 6.7%, and the share of pensioners in the population was 23.0%.
The ten largest employers in Askola in 2019 were as follows:
- TerraWise Oy, 323 employees
- Municipality of Askola, 293 employees
- Hakevuori Oy, 37 employees
- Fimet Oy, 35 employees
- Eteva kuntayhtymä, 31 employees
- Kuljetusliike M. Lindberg Oy, 30 employees
- SimFors Oy, 28 employees
- Kymppirakenne Oy, 27 employees
- Oy Meyer vastus Ab, 25 employees
- Ginola Oy, 25 employees
People born in AskolaEdit
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "Population in urban settlements and sparsely populated areas by age, sex and municipality, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
- Askolan kirkko Askolan Seurakunta (in Finnish)
- Askolan luonto ja historia Archived 2016-04-02 at the Wayback Machine Askolan 4H
- Erävuori, Jukka; Papunen, Pentti; Mäkinen, Vesa (1967). "Askola". Suomenmaa: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos. 1: Ahlainen–Hausjärvi. Helsinki: WSOY.
- "Key figures on population by region, 1990-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area, 1972-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
- "Degree of urbanisation by area, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
- "Municipal key figures 1987-2020 (with the 2021 regional division)". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 1 May 2021. (2018 and 2019)
- "Kunnittainen toimipaikkatilasto" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 1 May 2021.