The Arts and Letters Club of Toronto (usually just called The Arts and Letters Club) is a private club in Toronto, Ontario, which brings together writers, architects, musicians, painters, graphic artists, actors and others working in or with a love of the arts. It was founded as a gentlemen's club, but women have been members since 1985.
St. George's HallEdit
|St. George's Hall|
(Arts and Letters Club)
|Location||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Established||1908 (Arts and Letters Club)|
|Built||1891 (St. George's Hall)|
|Built for||St. George’s Society|
|Original use||Settlement house|
|Current use||Private club|
|Architect||Edwards & Webster (1891), Sproatt & Rolph (1920 alterations)|
|Governing body||The Arts and Letters Club of Toronto|
The club is located in a historic building, St. George's Hall, at 14 Elm Street in downtown Toronto. It is protected under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act, designated by the City of Toronto since 1975. In 2007 its premises were designated a National Historic Site of Canada. It is sometimes open to the public during Doors Open Toronto.
The building has been described as "an eclectic blend of architectural styles popular at the end of the nineteenth century, combining elements of Romanesque, Flemish, and medieval architecture." When the club moved to the building in 1920 it made numerous renovations, including new windows and a large stone fireplace in the neo-Gothic Great Hall. It now has a lounge, meeting rooms, a library, art studio, and the two-story Great Hall for concerts, plays, lectures and meals.
History and backgroundEdit
The club was founded in 1908 by journalist Augustus Bridle, who arranged a first meeting on 23 March 1908. At a meeting on 14 May the motion to give the club its name was moved by E. Wyly Grier; The Globe reported "it is the intention of the members of the club to seek among themselves a genial companionship, and to increase sympathy between the various branches of the arts." The first official meeting of the club was in late October 1908.
Events moved from place to place until late 1909, when the club moved to its first home at 42 King St. East, above the Brown Betty Tea Rooms. In 1910 it moved to 57 Adelaide St. East, on the second floor of the County of York Courthouse. In 1920 it moved to its present quarters at St. George's Hall at 14 Elm Street, which it rented until 1986 when it bought the building.
Membership opened to women in 1985. Among the forty-two "charter women" members was Laure Rièse.
The club has been an important part of Canadian cultural life since its founding, and "many of the key figures in a number of the arts organizations being created in the first half of the twentieth century in Toronto were members of the Club."
When Rupert Brooke visited Toronto in 1913, Edmund Morris brought him to lunch at the club, "five years old and the centre of Canadian literary and cultural life. The nucleus that would form the Group of Seven met in the club's rooms."
Founding member Roy Mitchell staged a number of theatrical productions at the club between 1911 and 1915 that "introduced skeptical Toronto audience to the principles of theatrical modernism.". In 1919 he worked with fellow member Vincent Massey on the creation of the Hart House Theatre and became its first artistic director.
In the 1920s the club "helped draw together Toronto's artistic and intellectual community; it was favoured by journalists, poets, musicians and bookmen, as well as by the Group of Seven and other artists." In 1927 it hosted a show of work by Bertram Brooker that was the first solo exhibition of abstract art in Canada.
In the 1940s members of the club played a role in the creation of the Canadian Arts Council, which in 1958 became the Canadian Conference of the Arts. John Coulter instigated an advisory council on government support for the arts at the club in 1943, and in April 1944 he, Herman Voaden and others went to Ottawa to meet with James Gray Turgeon, chair of the House of Commons Special Committee on Reconstruction and Re-establishment. In June a group of members represented the club and went to Ottawa with fifteen other arts organizations to lobby the government. As a result, in December 1945 the Canadian Arts Council was formed, with Voaden as its first president. Involvement with Canadian arts policy continued when in 1949 Vincent Massey chaired the Massey Commission, which led to the creation of the Canada Council in 1957 when he was Governor-General. Club member Claude Bissell was its second chair.
In the club's early years several members were Theosophists, such as Albert E. S. Smythe (first president of the Toronto Theosophical Society), Lawren Harris (who later wrote articles such as "Theosophy and Art") and Roy Mitchell (whose books include Theosophy in Action). Mitchell staged plays at the Club with the Arts and Letters Players (and later at Hart House Theatre and in New York) that were informed by his Theosophist views. Early productions at the club "reveal the influence of Theosophical ideas upon formal experimentation—as well as a pervasive sense of fun and an interdisciplinary approach to the performing arts."
Connections continued with other members through the years. Artist Eric Aldwinckle was "active in the Theosophical Society" as of 1942 and in 1950 published Two Fables with the Theosophical Press.
Aside from the Group of Seven and others mentioned above, well-known members of the club include Hector Charlesworth, Robertson Davies, M. O. Hammond, George Locke, Charles William Jefferys, Mavor Moore and Owen Staples.
Since its founding, two club members have become Nobel laureates (Frederick Banting, "one of Canada's most accomplished amateur painters," and John Macleod), six have been knighted (including Banting and MacMillan) and, since 1967, more than 150 have been named to the Order of Canada, including Betty Oliphant, Joyce Wieland and Ezra Schabas.
The club's artistic life revolves around its "LAMPS" disciplines: Literature, Architecture, Music, Painting, and Stage (originally Sculpture). These are very broadly defined and include photography, all performing arts, screenwriting, urban planning and other related fields. The Club welcomes both professional members, whose careers have been associated with one or more of these, and non-professional members, who appreciate and support the arts. Events offered by the Club include lunchtime talks and concerts, dinners with speakers on subjects of current interest, film nights, stage performances, studio painting sessions three days a week, art exhibitions for members, and groups interested in photography, writing and poetry.
The annual Boar's Head Dinner is believed to be the oldest event of its kind in North America, and the Club's constitution is unique in that every year it is sung at the annual general meeting to music specially composed by Healey Willan.
The club's archives contains a wide variety of original material documenting membership and activities since its founding. The archives are open to scholars, historians, and other researchers. Thirty-four boxes of documents dating back to the founding of the club are stored at the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library.
- ^ "Arts and Letters Club of Toronto | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
- ^ "14 ELM ST". Heritage Property Detail. City of Toronto. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
- ^ St. George's Hall (Arts and Letters Club), Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
- ^ St. George's Hall (Arts and Letters Club), National Register of Historic Places
- ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation 2008.
- ^ Hamelin 2011, p. 156.
- ^ McBurney 2007, p. 1.
- ^ The Globe 1908.
- ^ McBurney 2007, p. 3.
- ^ Bradburn 2015.
- ^ McBurney 2007, pp. 6–7.
- ^ McBurney 2007, pp. 140.
- ^ McLeod 2021, p. 18.
- ^ Hamelin 2011, p. 155.
- ^ Martin & Hall 1978, p. 48.
- ^ Badir 2012, p. 81.
- ^ Badir 2012, p. 83.
- ^ a b Lacombe 1982, p. 110.
- ^ Lauder 2015, p. 128.
- ^ McBurney 2007, pp. 87–89.
- ^ "Herman Arthur Voaden | The Canadian Encyclopedia". www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca. Retrieved 2022-03-13.
- ^ Duchesne 2006.
- ^ Cherney 1975, p. 9.
- ^ Best 1942.
- ^ McBurney 2007, pp. 178–179.
- ^ Bridle 1945, p. 9.
- ^ "Join Us". Arts and Letters Club of Toronto. Retrieved 2022-03-13.
- ^ "Arts and Letters Club of Toronto papers". librarysearch.library.utoronto.ca. University of Toronto Libraries. Retrieved 2022-03-13.
- Arts and Letters Club of Toronto. (1913). The Year Book of Canadian Art: 1913. Toronto: J.M. Dent and Sons.
- Best, C.H. (November 1942). "Frederick Grant Banting. 1891-1941". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 4 (11): 20–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1942.0003. JSTOR 769145. S2CID 162239410.
- Badir, Patricia (Spring 2012). ""This Little Academe, Still and Contemplative in Living Art": Shakespeare, Modernism, and the Arts and Letters Club of Toronto". Shakespeare Quarterly. 61 (1): 77–107. doi:10.1353/shq.2012.0000. JSTOR 41350170. S2CID 154849216.
- Bradburn, Jamie (2015-01-07). "Vintage Toronto Ads: Brown Betty Tea Rooms". Torontoist. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
- Bridle, Augustus (1945). The Story of the Club. Toronto: Arts and Letters Club of Toronto.
- Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (22 May 2008). "Toronto Arts & Letters Club hopes for renaissance as it turns 100". CBC. GALE|A179320234 – via Gale OneFile: CPI.Q.
- Cherney, Brian (1975). Harry Somers. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9780802053251.
- Duchesne, Scott (2006). "The Impossible Theatre: Roy Mitchell and The Chester Mysteries: Experience, Initiation and Brotherhood". Theatre Research in Canada / Recherches théâtrales Au Canada. 27 (2): 227–244. doi:10.3138/tric.27.2.227. Retrieved 2022-03-11.
- "The Arts and Letters Club: Organization Formed to Unite All Branches of the Arts". The Globe. 15 May 1908. p. 9.
- Hamelin, Danielle (2011). "Toronto's Arts and Letters Club: A Public History Perspective". In Freisen, Gerald; Owram, Doug (eds.). Thinkers & Dreamers: Historical Essays in Honour of Carl Berger. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442641952.
- James, Scott (2006). Pungent Personalities: Arts and Letters Club Drawings by Arthur Lismer, 1922–43. Toronto. ISBN 0772760594.
- Lacombe, Michele (1982). "Theosophy and the Canadian Idealist Tradition: A Preliminary Exploration". Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d'études canadiennes. University of Toronto Press. 17 (2): 100–118. doi:10.3138/jcs.17.2.100. ISSN 1911-0251. S2CID 151837097.
- Lauder, Adam (2015). "Time-Savers: Bertram Brooker and the Politics of Time and Material Culture" (PDF). Imaginations. 6 (2): 126–145.
- Martin, Sandra; Hall, Roger, eds. (1978). Rupert Brooke in Canada. Toronto: PMA Books. ISBN 9780887781841.
- McBurney, Margaret (2007). The Great Adventure: 100 Years of the Arts and Letters Club. Toronto: Arts and Letters Club of Toronto. ISBN 9780969458821.
- McCann, Gillian (2012). Vanguard of the New Age: The Toronto Theosophical Society, 1891–1945. McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 9780773586970.
- McLeod, Donald W. (2021). At the Heart of the Club: A Celebration of the Charter Women of the Arts & Letters Club of Toronto. Toronto: Arts and Letters Club of Toronto. ISBN 9780969458869.