Sir Arthur William Blomfield ARA FRIBA (6 March 1829 – 30 October 1899) was an English architect. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read Architecture.
Sir Arthur Blomfield
|Born||6 March 1829|
Fulham Palace, London
|Died||30 October 1899(aged 70)|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge, Trinity College, Cambridge|
|Awards||Royal Gold Medal (1891)|
|Buildings||Royal College of Music in London, St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana|
|Projects||Southwark Cathedral restoration|
He was the fourth son of Charles James Blomfield, Anglican Bishop of London, who began a programme of new church construction in the capital. Born in Fulham Palace, Arthur Blomfield was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was then articled as an architect to Philip Charles Hardwick, and subsequently obtained a large practice on his own account.
The young Thomas Hardy joined Blomfield's practice as assistant architect in April 1862, and the writer remained friends with Blomfield. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 (proposed by George Gilbert Scott, H. Brandon and J. P. Seddon); and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886. In 1889, he was knighted. He was awarded the Royal Gold Medal in 1891.
He was twice married. His second wife, Lady Blomfield, was an author and humanitarian. He had two sons, Charles J. Blomfield and Arthur Conran Blomfield (1863–1935), whom he brought up to his own profession, of which they became distinguished representatives. His nephew, Sir Reginald Blomfield, apprenticed under him, went on to design numerous buildings, public works, and sculpture, including the Cross of Sacrifice or War Cross, for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. These are in Commonwealth cemeteries in many countries.
In 1882 Blomfield designed the Royal College of Music in London. In 1887 he became architect to the Bank of England and, in association with A. E. Street, designed the Law courts Branch in Fleet Street. A. E. Street was the son of the architect G. E. Street.
In 1890–7 he rebuilt the nave of St. Saviour's parish church, Southwark (now Southwark Cathedral), replacing an earlier reconstruction of 1839–40. It is a notable example of his use of a Gothic Revival style. He was highly regarded as a restorer; a spokesman for the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings said of his 1898 restoration of Salisbury Cathedral spire "conducted in the most conservative way possible ... I am confident that anyone who had been privileged to see the work that is being done ... would not withhold his subscriptions even though he was as ardent an anti-restorer as your obedient servant."
In 1899 he completed St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana, which was the tallest wooden church in the world until 2003 when the Peri Monastery near Săpânţa in northern Romania was completed.
Other works (in chronological order)Edit
- St Leonard's Church, Linley, Shropshire, restoration, 1858
- Christ Church, Crouch End 1862
- Christ Church, East Sheen 1863
- All Saints' parish church, Windsor, Berkshire, 1862–64
- St. Luke's chapel at the former Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, 1864
- St. Mary's parish church, Banbury, Oxfordshire: restoration 1864
- Dartford Grammar School, Kent, 1864.
- St. Mary's parish church, Adwell, Oxfordshire, 1865
- St. Mark's parish church, Binfield, Berkshire, 1866
- St. Mary's parish church, Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire, 1867–68
- St. John the Baptist parish church, Eton Wick, Buckinghamshire, 1867–69
- All Saints' parish church, Upper Caldecote, Bedfordshire, 1868
- St. Mary's Church, Strood, Kent, 1868
- Vicarage House for Holy Trinity Church at Headington Quarry, Oxfordshire, 1868
- St. Saviour's parish church, Eddington, Berkshire, 1868
- St. Mary Magdalen Church, Sheet, Hampshire, 1868–69
- St. Barnabas parish church, Jericho, Oxford, 1869
- St. Peter in Eastgate, Lincoln 1870
- St. Stephen's Church, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, 1870 (demolished in 1889 and replaced by St. Barnabas' Church on the same site).
- St. Saviour's parish church, Oxford Street, London 1870–73.
- St. John the Baptist, Bathwick, Bath, 1871 
- St. Nicholas Church, Chawton 1872–73.
- St. James' parish church, Ramsden, Oxfordshire, 1872.
- Church of St. Mary and St. Ethelbert, Luckington, Wiltshire, 1872
- St. Andrew's parish church, Surbiton, Surrey 1872.
- St. John the Baptist parish church, Crowthorne, Berkshire, 1873.
- Holy Innocents parish church, High Beach, Essex, 1873
- Tyntesfield chapel, Wraxall, Somerset, 1873
- St Peter's Church, Netherseal, Derbyshire 1874
- St. Michael's parish church, Hughenden, Buckinghamshire, 1874–90.
- St. John the Baptist's Church, Eltham, Kent, 1875.
- St. Michael and All Angels Church, Maidstone, Kent, 1876.
- Chapel Royal, Brighton, internal structural repairs and reordering 1876; new exterior 1896
- Christ Church parish church, Epsom, Surrey, 1876
- Holy Innocents parish church, Hornsey, London N8, 1876–7.
- Holy Trinity Church, Privett, 1876–78
- Haileybury and Imperial Service College Chapel, 1877.
- St Andrew's Church, Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire: restoration, 1877.
- All Saints' parish church, Roffey, West Sussex, 1878.
- St. Mary Magdalene parish church, Woodstock, Oxfordshire: restoration, 1878
- Trinity College, Cambridge Bishop's Hostel additions 1878.
- Denton Hall (Grantham), Denton, Lincolnshire, rebuilt 1879-1883
- All Saints Church, Fulham, 1880–81.
- St. Nicholas' parish church, Heythrop, Oxfordshire, 1880
- St John the Evangelist's Church, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex (1881; partly destroyed by bombing in 1943 and rebuilt by Harry Stuart Goodhart-Rendel)
- Selwyn College, Cambridge, 1882.
- Chester Cathedral restoration and additions, 1882.
- St Andrew's Church, Worthing, West Sussex (1882)
- St Luke's Church, Queen's Park, Brighton, Sussex, 1882–85.
- St Stephen's Church, North Mundham, West Sussex – Addition of a Chancel and re-ordering of interior. (1883)(Victorian History of Sussex and Chichester Diocese Faculty Document)
- Charterhouse School, the Great Hall 1884.
- St Leodegar's Church, Hunston, Sussex, 1885.
- St. Wystan's Church, Repton restoration 1885–1886.
- Wellington College, Berkshire: chapel apse and dormitories, 1886.
- St. Alban's Anglican Church, Copenhagen, Denmark
- St Germanus's parish church, Faulkbourne, Essex, 1886.
- St. Andrew's parish church, Leytonstone, Essex 1886–93.
- Royal Memorial Church of St George, Cannes, 1886-92
- St Mary's Church, Walmer, Kent, 1887.
- Minster Church of St Denys, Warminster, Wiltshire: rebuilding 1887–89.
- St David's Church Bangor, Gwynedd, 1888.
- St Mary's Church, Rostherne, Cheshire, 1888.
- All Saints' Church, Leatherhead, Surrey, 1888
- St. Mark's parish church, Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, 1889
- Bancroft's School, Woodford Green, Essex, 1889.
- St Stephen's Church, Brighton, additions 1889.
- Eton College, Buckinghamshire: Lower Chapel and Queen's Schools, 1889–91
- All Souls Church, Hastings, Sussex, 1890.
- St. Cyprian's Church, Brockley, London, 1890.
- Oxford House, Bethnal Green, London, 1891.
- St. Mary's parish church, Liss, Hampshire 1892.
- Magdalen College School, Oxford, 1893–94.
- West Sussex County Asylum, Chichester, West Sussex, 1894–97
- The Catholic Church of Our Lady and St Edward the Confessor, Lyndhurst, Hants, 1894–96
- Epsom College Chapel, Surrey 1895
- St Werburgh's Church, Derby, New church added, 1895
- St Mary's Church, Swansea, Glamorgan, 1896.
- St Michael's Church, Macclesfield, Cheshire, New Nave and Aisles, 1898–1901.
- All Saints Church, Leamington Spa 1898–1902 two western bays to the nave and a south western bell tower
- Wellington College, Berkshire: chapel aisles, 1899
- St. Saviour's Church of Ireland parish church, Coolgreaney Road, Arklow, County Wicklow, 1899
- Glenesk Mausoleum, East Finchley Cemetery, Barnet, 1899
As Sir A.W. Blomfield and SonsEdit
- St John the Evangelist's Church, Preston Village, Brighton, Sussex, 1901.
- St George's Church, Ashtead, Surrey, 1905.
- St. Michael's parish church, Abbey Wood, Kent, 1907.
- The Sea Marge Hotel in Overstrand, Norfolk. Built as a private residence for Sir Edgar Speyer in 1908.
- Church of Holy Trinity, Eltham, London, 1908.
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- Memorial to a shining star London, United Kingdom, 10 August 2003 (BWNS)
- Worley, George (1905). Southwark Cathedral. Bell's Cathedrals. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 48. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, Andrea Elizabeth Donovan, Routledge 2008 ISBN 0-203-93790-2 (p. 72)
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- Historic England. "Church of All Saints, Upper Caldecote (1274788)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
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- Jackson's Oxford Journal, 17 October 1868
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- "Re-opening of Netherseal Church". Leicester Journal. Leicester. 8 May 1874. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
- Pevsner, 1960, page 172
- A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, M A Hicks and R B Pugh, 'Hornsey, including Highgate: Churches', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6, Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey With Highgate, ed. T F T Baker and C R Elrington (London, 1980), pp. 172–182. British History Online, online resource accessed 8 January 2017.
- Pevsner, 1967, page 471
- Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 187.
- Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 856
- '1879 – Denton Hall, Grantham, Lincolnshire', archiseek.
- Denny, Barbara (1997). 'Fulham Past'. London: Historical Publications. pp. 35–39. ISBN 0 948667 43 5.
- Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 646
- Historic England (2011). "Church of St John the Evangelist, Upper Maze Hill, St Leonard's, Hastings, East Sussex (1043400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
- Pevsner & Hubbard, 1971, pages 135+, 265, 324
- "Buildingphotography.co.uk". Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
- Pevsner, 1966, page 262
- Standrewsleytonstone.org Archived 11 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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- CADW Listing page 16
- Pevsner, 1960, page 131
- Lissparishchurch.co.uk[permanent dead link]
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- St Werburgh's Church, Derby, Derbyshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 21 August 2013
- Philip Smith (writer), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Wicklow (Dublin: Wordwell Press / Government of Ireland, Department of the Environment, Heritage, and Local Government, National Inventory of Architectural Heritage, 2004). pp. 2–3, 70–71.
- Historic England, "Glenesk Mausoleum (1064757)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 5 February 2016
- Homan, Roger (1984). The Victorian Churches of Kent. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. Ltd. ISBN 0-85033-466-7.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). The Buildings of England: Berkshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). The Buildings of England: Buckinghamshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Lloyd, David (1967). The Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hubbard, Edward (1971). The Buildings of England: Cheshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . The Buildings of England: Wiltshire (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.