Arthur Annesley, 11th Viscount Valentia

Arthur Annesley, 11th Viscount Valentia, KCVO, CB, JP (23 August 1843 – 20 January 1927) was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative Party politician. He notably served as Comptroller of the Household between 1898 and 1905.


The Viscount Valentia

Arthur Annesley Vanity Fair 14 September 1899.jpg
"Oxford City". Lord Valentia as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, September 1899.
Comptroller of the Household
In office
19 October 1898 – 4 December 1905
MonarchQueen Victoria
Edward VII
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Arthur Balfour
Preceded byLord Arthur Hill
Succeeded byThe Master of Elibank
Personal details
Born(1843-08-23)23 August 1843
Scotland
Died20 January 1927(1927-01-20) (aged 83)
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Laura Sarah Webb (died 1933); 8 children
Alma materRoyal Military Academy, Woolwich

Background and educationEdit

Annesley was the eldest son of the Honourable Arthur Annesley by his wife Flora Mary[1] Macdonald, daughter of Lt. Colonel James Macdonald of Clanranald. His father died when he was one year old[2] and he succeeded his grandfather in the viscountcy in 1863. He was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich.[citation needed]

Military careerEdit

Annesley joined the 10th Hussars in 1864 and was promoted to lieutenant in 1868. He retired from the Army in 1872, but in 1894 was appointed Lieutenant colonel of the Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars. In early 1900, Lord Valentia was seconded for service with the Imperial Yeomanry in the Second Boer War,[3] and left for South Africa in the SS Scot in late January.[4] He served as Assistant Adjutant-General for Imperial Yeomanry, with the temporary rank of colonel,[5] and was mentioned in despatches and appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in November 1900 for his services.[6] Upon relinquishing his commission, he was granted, on 1 January 1901, the honorary rank of Colonel in the Army.[7]

Political careerEdit

He was appointed High Sheriff of Oxfordshire for 1874–75. The viscountcy of Valentia was an Irish peerage and did not entitle Annesley to an automatic seat in the House of Lords. He was instead elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Oxford in 1895, a seat he held until 1917.[citation needed]

He served as Comptroller of the Household under Lord Salisbury from 1898[8] to 1902 and under Arthur Balfour from 1902 to 1905.[9] He was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO) in July 1901.[10] When the coalition government was formed in 1915, Lord Valentia was appointed a Lord in Waiting,[11] a post he held until 1924.

In 1917 he was created Baron Annesley of Bletchington, in the County of Oxford, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom,[12] which entitled him to a seat in the House of Lords. He was made a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in 1923.[13]

FamilyEdit

Lord Valentia married, on 30 January 1878, Laura Sarah Webb, daughter of Daniel Hale Webb, of Wykeham Park, Oxfordshire, and widow of Sir Algernon William Peyton, 4th Baronet.[14] They had two sons and six daughters:[14]

  • Hon. Vere (8 March 1879 – 18 May 1975); married Rev. Guy Ronald Campbell, grandson of John Campbell, 2nd Earl Cawdor.
  • Hon. Lt. Arthur (24 Aug 1880-16 Nov 1914); unmarried. Killed in action in France.
  • Hon. Violet Katherine (18 Mar 1882-4 Sep 1963); married Charles Henry Gore, son of Sir Francis Charles Gore. They had a son, and two daughters.
  • Sir Caryl Arthur (3 Jul 1883-6 Oct 1949); unmarried.
  • Hon. Helen (30 Jul 1884-21 Jul 1965); married Col. John Pemberton Heywood-Lonsdale. No known issue.
  • Hon. Lettice (24 Sep 1885-1988); married Capt. Geoffrey Vaux Salvin Bowlby, maternal grandson of Sir David Hunter-Blair, 3rd Baronet.
  • Hon. Hilda Cecil (19 Apr 1889-20 Sep 1972); unmarried.
  • Hon. Dorothy (b. 11 May 1892); married Joseph Francis Vaughan Gibbs, maternal descendant of Sir Charles Mordaunt, 6th Baronet and Sir Philip Musgrave, 6th Baronet. They had two daughters.

DeathEdit

Lord Valentia died in January 1927, aged 83, and was succeeded by his younger son, the Hon. Caryl Arthur James Annesley, as Lord Valentia's elder son, the Hon. Arthur Annesley, was killed in action in 1914.[2]

PoloEdit

He was the Chairman of the Hurlingham Club Committee and the National Polo Pony Society.[15]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Ancestry.com. Scotland, Select Marriages, 1561-1910
  2. ^ a b thepeerage.com Arthur Annesley, 11th Viscount Valentia
  3. ^ "No. 27159". The London Gazette. 30 January 1900. p. 691.
  4. ^ "The War - Embarcation at Southampton". The Times (36051). London. 29 January 1900. p. 10.
  5. ^ "No. 27155". The London Gazette. 19 January 1900. p. 362.
  6. ^ "No. 27359". The London Gazette. 27 September 1901. p. 6305.
  7. ^ "No. 27406". The London Gazette. 14 February 1902. p. 938.
  8. ^ "No. 27016". The London Gazette. 21 October 1898. p. 6140.
  9. ^ "No. 27866". The London Gazette. 22 December 1905. p. 9171.
  10. ^ "No. 27336". The London Gazette. 23 July 1901. p. 4837.
  11. ^ "No. 29189". The London Gazette. 11 June 1915. p. 5630.
  12. ^ "No. 30055". The London Gazette. 8 May 1917. p. 4356.
  13. ^ "No. 32830". The London Gazette. 1 June 1923. p. 3947.
  14. ^ a b Ruvigny (1907), p. 237
  15. ^ Horace A. Laffaye, Polo in Britain: A History, Jefferson, North Carolina, McFarland & Company, 2012, p. 10

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Tomkyns Chesney
Member of Parliament for Oxford
1895–1917
Succeeded by
John Marriott
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Arthur Hill
Comptroller of the Household
1898–1905
Succeeded by
The Master of Elibank
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Arthur Annesley
Viscount Valentia
1863–1927
Succeeded by
Caryl Annesley
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Annesley of Bletchington
1917–1927
Succeeded by
Caryl Annesley