Alexander Murray, 1st Baron Murray of Elibank

Alexander William Charles Oliphant Murray, 1st Baron Murray of Elibank PC (12 April 1870 – 13 September 1920), called The Master of Elibank between 1871 and 1912, was a Scottish nobleman and [1] Liberal politician. He served as Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury (Chief Government Whip) under H. H. Asquith between 1910 and 1912, when he was forced to resign after being implicated in the Marconi scandal.


The Lord Murray of Elibank

Lord Murray of Elibank - Bain Collection.jpg
Comptroller of the Household
In office
18 December 1905 – 5 June 1909
MonarchEdward VII
Prime MinisterSir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
H. H. Asquith
Preceded byThe Viscount Valentia
Succeeded byThe Earl of Liverpool
Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
5 June 1909 – 14 February 1910
MonarchEdward VII
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byThomas Buchanan
Succeeded byHon. Edwin Samuel Montagu
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
In office
14 February 1910 – 7 August 1912
MonarchEdward VII
George V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byJack Pease
Succeeded byPercy Illingworth
Personal details
Born12 April 1870 (1870-04-12)
Died13 September 1920 (1920-09-14) (aged 50)
NationalityBritish
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Hilda Murray (d. 1929)

Background and educationEdit

Elibank was the eldest son of Montolieu Oliphant-Murray, 1st Viscount Elibank, and Blanche Alice, daughter of Edward John Scott.[2] He was educated at Cheltenham.[3]

Political careerEdit

Elibank unsuccessfully contested Edinburgh West in May 1895, Peebles and Selkirk in July 1895 and the City of York by-election of 1900.[3] However, in October 1900 he was successfully returned to parliament for Midlothian, a seat he held until 1906 and again from 1910 to 1912.[4] From 1906 to 1910 he represented Peebles and Selkirk.[5]

In the aftermath of the Second Boer War (1899-1902), Elibank travelled to South Africa visiting the Bechuanaland Protectorate, Johannesburg, Pretoria and Delagoa Bay.[6]

When the Liberals came to power in December 1905 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Elibank was appointed Comptroller of the Household, a post he retained when H. H. Asquith became Prime Minister in April 1908, and then served as Under-Secretary of State for India between 1909 and 1910. The latter year he was made Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury (Chief Government Whip).[2] In 1911 he was sworn of the Privy Council.[7] However, he was forced to resign in August 1912 after being accused of insider trading in the Marconi scandal.[8] Later the same month he was raised to the peerage as Baron Murray of Elibank, of Elibank in the County of Selkirk.[9]

Apart from his political career Elibank was a partner in S. Pearson and Son Ltd.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Lord Murray of Elibank married Hilda Louisa Janey, daughter of Lieutenant-General Sir James Wolfe Murray, in 1894. They had no children. He died in September 1920, aged 50, predeceasing his father by seven years. The barony of Murray of Elibank became extinct on his death while his younger brother Gideon eventually succeeded in the viscountcy of Elibank. Lady Murray of Elibank died in September 1929.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Duncan Tanner (13 February 2003). "Political Change and the Labour Party 1900-1918". Books.google.co.uk. p. 46. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Person Page". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b Who Was Who 1916–1928, p. 763.
  4. ^ "THE HOUSE OF COMMONS CONSTITUENCIES BEGINNING WITH "M"". Leighrayment.com. Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  5. ^ "THE HOUSE OF COMMONS CONSTITUENCIES BEGINNING WITH "P"". Leighrayment.com. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  6. ^ The Scotsman, Wednesday, 29 October 1902, page 8
  7. ^ "No. 28473". The London Gazette. 7 March 1911. p. 1939.
  8. ^ "The Black Country house visited". Black Country Bugle. 21 February 2018. p. 10. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  9. ^ "No. 28636". The London Gazette. 16 August 1912. p. 6100.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, Bt
Member of Parliament for Midlothian
19001906
Succeeded by
Lord Dalmeny
Preceded by
Sir Walter Thorburn
Member of Parliament for Peebles and Selkirk
1906January 1910
Succeeded by
William Younger
Preceded by
Lord Dalmeny
Member of Parliament for Midlothian
January 19101912
Succeeded by
John Augustus Hope
Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Valentia
Comptroller of the Household
1905–1909
Succeeded by
The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by
Thomas Buchanan
Under-Secretary of State for India
1909–1910
Succeeded by
Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu
Preceded by
Jack Pease
Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury
1910–1912
Succeeded by
Percy Illingworth
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Murray of Elibank
1912–1920
Extinct