Artena is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy. It is situated in the northwest of Monti Lepini, in the upper valley of the Sacco River. It is approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) southeast by rail, and 30 kilometres (19 mi) direct from Rome.
|Comune di Artena|
|Metropolitan city||Rome (RM)|
|Frazioni||Macere, Colubro, Maiotini, Abbazia, Selvatico, Valli|
|• Mayor||Felicetto Angelini|
|• Total||54 km2 (21 sq mi)|
|Elevation||420 m (1,380 ft)|
(31 December 2017)
|• Density||260/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Mary Magdalene|
|Saint day||22 July|
Economy is based on agriculture, animal husbandry and tourism.
The name of the original village of the Volsci is uncertain; Ecetra or Fortinum are possible suggestions.
The modern village was called Monte Fortino until 1873. It owes its present name to an unproven identification of the site with the ancient Volscian Artena, destroyed in 404 BC. Another Artena, which was an Etruscan town belonging to the district of Caere, and laying between it and Veii, was destroyed in the period of the kings, and its site is unknown.
In the Middle Ages Artena was a fief of the Counts of Tusculum and then the Counts of Segni, who held its castle until 1475 when, after request of Charles VIII of France, it was assigned to the Colonna. Due to the latter's anti-papal stance, Artena was ravaged several times by papal armies (1526, 1543 and 1557).
On the mountain 600 metres (2,000 ft) above the village are the fine remains of the fortifications of a city built in the 6th or 5th century BC, in cyclopean blocks of local limestone. Within the walls are traces of buildings, and a massive terrace which supported some edifice of importance. This terraced settlement (Piano della Cività) later was the site of a Roman villa.
Other sights include the Palazzo Borghese (17th century), and the churches of Santa Maria delle Letizie, Santa Croce, Santo Stefano Protomartire and San Francesco.
- Alcalá del Río, Spain
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Artena". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 666.
- La Civita di Artena: scavi belgi 1979-1989 : Artena, Granaio Borghese, 23 dicembre 1989-l4 gennaio 1990 : Roma, Accademia Belgica, 1-10 febbraio 1990 : Louvaine-la-Neuve, Musée de l'Institut supérieur d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'art de l'UCL, 23 febbraio-8 aprile 1990. "L'Erma" di Bretschneider. 1989. ISBN 978-88-7062-676-6.
- American School of Classical Studies in Rome (1905). Supplementary Papers of the American School of Classical Studies in Rome. Archaeological Institute of America. pp. 7–.
- Becker, J. "Places: 795348768 (Civita di Artena)". Pleiades. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
- C. Brouillard, J. Gadeyne, A. Rovelli. 2012. "La villa romana del Piano della Civita (Artena, Roma). Campagna di scavo 2010. Una struttura alto-medievale ed un tesoretto monetale bizantino", in Lazio e Sabina 8, a cura di G. Ghini e Z. Mari, Roma 2012, pp. 305-311.
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