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Armentières (IPA: [aʁmɑ̃tjɛːʁ]; Dutch: Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France. It is part of the Urban Community of Lille Métropole.

Armentières
The town hall
The town hall
Coat of arms of Armentières
Coat of arms
Location of Armentières
Armentières is located in France
Armentières
Armentières
Armentières is located in Hauts-de-France
Armentières
Armentières
Coordinates: 50°41′17″N 2°52′52″E / 50.6881°N 2.8811°E / 50.6881; 2.8811Coordinates: 50°41′17″N 2°52′52″E / 50.6881°N 2.8811°E / 50.6881; 2.8811
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentNord
ArrondissementLille
CantonArmentières
IntercommunalityMétropole Européenne de Lille
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bernard Haesebroeck
Area
1
6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
25,373
 • Density4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
59017 /59280
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The motto of the town is Pauvre mais fière (Poor but proud).

GeographyEdit

Armentières lies on the Belgian border, northwest of the city of Lille, on the right bank of the river Lys.

HistoryEdit

 
Armentières in 1649

In 1668, the town became French, along with most of the rest of French Flanders. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Armentières acquired fame, being the “City of Fabric”. Industrial weaving, spinning and brewing grew in Armentières, benefitting from the presence of water.

Armentières particularly suffered during the World Wars although the town received two Military Crosses (one for World War I and the second for the Second World War) and the Legion d'Honneur. In Armentières and the surrounding areas, the military cemeteries are places of remembrance for the casualties of the World Wars. "Mademoiselle from Armentières" was a popular song among Allied soldiers in World War I.

During World War I, in October 1914, the town was the site of the Battle of Armentières. In April 1918, German troops shelled Armentières with mustard gas. British troops were forced to evacuate the area, but the Germans could not enter for two weeks because of the heavy contamination. Witnesses to the bombardment stated that the shelling was so heavy that liquid mustard ran in the streets.[2][3]

PopulationEdit

HeraldryEdit

The arms of Armentières are blazoned :
Argent a fleur de lys gules and on a chief of the same a sun or and a decrescent of the same.



RailwaysEdit

 
Armentières station

Armentières has a railway station on the line from Lille to Calais and Dunkirk.

International relationsEdit

 
Detail of the war memorial in the village of Preying (Saldenburg, Bavaria) naming Schütze Alois Feichtinger as killed at Armentières, 27 February 1917

Armentières is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

In fictionEdit

Milady de Winter in The Three Musketeers hides in Armentières and is caught and executed there.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Heller, Charles E. (September 1984). "Chemical Warfare in World War I: The American Experience, 1917–1918". U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Archived from the original on July 4, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
  3. ^ https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1918/06/07/102707334.pdf

External linksEdit