Arita (有田町, Arita-chō) is a town located in Nishimatsuura District, Saga Prefecture, Japan. It is known for producing Arita porcelain, one of the traditional handicrafts of Japan. It also holds the largest ceramic fair in Western Japan, the Arita Ceramic Fair. This event is held from April 29 to May 5 (Golden Week) every year and has thousands of stores and stalls lining the six-kilometre long main street.

Arita
有田町
Arita Town Hall
Arita Town Hall
Flag of Arita
Official seal of Arita
Location of Arita in Saga Prefecture
Location of Arita in Saga Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionKyūshū
Prefecture Saga
DistrictNishimatsuura
Area
 • Total65.85 km2 (25.42 sq mi)
Population
 (August 1, 2020)
 • Total18,989
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
Postal code
849-4153
Symbols 
• TreeGinkgo biloba
Quercus glauca
• FlowerPrunus serrulata
Phone number0955-46-2111
Address2202 Tachibe, Arita-chō, Nishimatsuura-gun,
Saga-ken
WebsiteOfficial website
The Arita Ceramic Fair

On March 1, 2006 the town of Nishiarita, from Nishimatsuura District, was merged into Arita.

GeographyEdit

Arita is located in the western part of Saga Prefecture, bordering Nagasaki Prefecture from its southwest to western sides. About 70% of the town is forest and mountains.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

HistoryEdit

Arita was one of the first sites in Japan to produce porcelain, Arita ware. The discovery of porcelain stone is attributed to a Korean potter named Kanagae Sambe, although most historians consider this a legend.

  • April 1, 1889 – The modern municipal system is established. In accordance with this system the village of Sarayama is renamed and reclassified as the town of Arita. Also at this time the villages of Shin, Magarikawa and Ōyama are formed.
  • November 13, 1896 – The village of Shin is renamed Arita.
  • January 1, 1947 – The village of Arita becomes a town and is renamed Higashi-Arita.
  • April 1, 1954 – Higashi-Arita is incorporated into Arita.
  • April 1, 1955 – Magarikawa and Ōyama merge to form the village of Nishi-Arita.
  • January 1, 1956 – Several areas of Nishi-Arita are incorporated into Arita.
  • April 1, 1965 – Nishi-Arita becomes a town.
  • March 1, 2006 – Nishi-Arita is incorporated into Arita.

DemographyEdit

According to Japanese census data,[1] this is the population of Arita in recent years.

1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
22,818 22,314 21,570 20,929 20,148 18,989

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Arita is twinned with:[2]

Friendship cityEdit

EducationEdit

Prefectural high schoolsEdit

  • Arita Technical High School

Municipal junior high schoolsEdit

  • Arita Junior High School
  • Nishi-Arita Junior High School

Municipal elementary schoolsEdit

  • Arita Elementary School
  • Arita Chūbu Elementary School
  • Magarikawa Elementary School
  • Ōyama Elementary School

Other schoolsEdit

  • Arita College of Ceramics

TransportationEdit

AirEdit

There is no airport in Arita. The closest airports are Saga Airport and Nagasaki Airport.

RailEdit

 
View of the Japanese town of Arita from the railway station

RoadEdit

SightseeingEdit

 
Torii at Tozan Shrine
  • The Kyushu Ceramic Museum houses large exhibits of old and modern style ceramics.
  • The Porcelain Park is a ceramic centered theme park, and is modeled on the Zwinger Palace in Germany. Ceramic ware from the heyday of Arita are on display in the gallery.
  • Arita Kan (有田館) has an exhibition of modern art porcelain, 400 different cups for coffee or tea and a theatre with computerized puppets made of porcelain.
  • "China On The Park" dates back to the end of the last century when the Fukugawa factory was chosen to provide the Imperial household with porcelain. This large and modern style facility contains a factory, galleries, shops and a restaurant.
  • Tozan Shrine has a porcelain archway and other items of porcelain which, at other shrines, are usually made of stone. This shrine was and still is particularly revered by Arita's ceramists.
  • Rokuroza (ろくろ座), located near Kami-Arita Station, is a place where one can learn how to make pottery.

PotteryEdit

 
Modern Arita ware seahorse button

Notable people from AritaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arita population statistics
  2. ^ "姉妹都市・友好都市・団体のご紹介". town.arita.lg.jp (in Japanese). Arita. Retrieved April 11, 2020.

External linksEdit