Arieș River (Mureș)
The Arieș (Hungarian: Aranyos) is a left tributary of the river Mureș in Transylvania, Romania. It discharges into the Mureș in Gura Arieșului, 11 km southwest of Luduș. Its total length is 166 km (103 mi), and its drainage basin area is 3,005 km2 (1,160 sq mi).
The Arieș in Turda
|- left||Arieșul Mare, Iara|
|- right||Arieșul Mic, Abrud|
|Towns||Turda, Câmpia Turzii|
|Source||Confluence of headwaters Arieșul Mare and Arieșul Mic|
|- location||Lake Mihoești|
|- elevation||570 m (1,870 ft)|
|- location||Gura Arieșului|
|- elevation||263 m (863 ft)|
|Length||166 km (103 mi)|
|Basin||3,005 km2 (1,160 sq mi)|
|- average||25.4 m3/s (897 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Mureș→ Tisza→ Danube→ Black Sea|
Most probably "Arieș" means "Gold River", the name being derived from the Latin "Aureus". The Hungarian name "Aranyos" means "Golden" and it was first mentioned in 1177.
The source of the river is in the Bihor Mountains, part of the Apuseni Mountains, which translates as The Western Mountains. The Arieș is formed near the village of Mihoești at the confluence of two headwaters: Arieșul Mare and Arieșul Mic. It flows through Alba and Cluj Counties and flows into the Mureș near the village of Gura Arieșului, which is close to the town of Luduș.
The towns of Câmpeni, Baia de Arieș, Turda, and Câmpia Turzii lie on the river Arieș. The upper valley of the river, Țara Moților, is a beautiful rustic region and an important mining region (Roșia Montană), rich in gold, silver and uranium. Those mines of Apuseni Mountains (also known as "Metaliferi Mountains") were exploited since Dacian reign, and later on they attracted the Roman invasion.
Towns and villagesEdit
The following towns and villages are situated along the river Arieș, from source to mouth: Mihoești, Gura Sohodol, Câmpeni, Boncești, Lunca Merilor, Bistra, Gârde, Lunca Largă, Pițiga, Lupșa, Hădărău, Valea Lupșii, Muncelu, Baia de Arieș, Sartăș, Brăzești, Sălciua de Jos, Poșaga de Jos, Lunca, Vidolm, Lungești, Buru, Moldovenești, Cornești, Cheia, Mihai Viteazu, Turda, Câmpia Turzii, Viișoara, Luna, Luncani, Hădăreni, Gligorești
The following rivers are tributaries to the river Arieș (from source to mouth):
Left: Arieșul Mare, Valea Caselor, Bistra, Bistrișoara, Valea Caselor, Izvorul Călugărului, Lupșa, Sartăș, Sălciuţa, Poșaga, Valea Coșegii, Ocoliș, Ocolișel, Iara, Borzești, Pârâul Muntelui, Hășdate, Valea Pordei, Valea Racilor, Valea Sărată, Pârâul Florilor, Valea Largă
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