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Arieș River (Mureș)

The Arieș (Hungarian: Aranyos) is a left tributary of the river Mureș in Transylvania, Romania. It discharges into the Mureș in Gura Arieșului, 11 km southwest of Luduș. Its total length is 166 km (103 mi), and its drainage basin area is 3,005 km2 (1,160 sq mi).[1]

Arieș
Aranyos
River
TurdaAries.jpg
The Arieș in Turda
Countries Romania
Counties Alba, Cluj
Tributaries
 - left Arieșul Mare, Iara
 - right Arieșul Mic, Abrud
Towns Turda, Câmpia Turzii
Source Confluence of headwaters Arieșul Mare and Arieșul Mic
 - location Lake Mihoești
 - elevation 570 m (1,870 ft)
 - coordinates 46°22′20″N 23°01′01″E / 46.37222°N 23.01694°E / 46.37222; 23.01694
Mouth Mureș
 - location Gura Arieșului
 - elevation 263 m (863 ft)
 - coordinates 46°25′45″N 23°58′38″E / 46.42917°N 23.97722°E / 46.42917; 23.97722Coordinates: 46°25′45″N 23°58′38″E / 46.42917°N 23.97722°E / 46.42917; 23.97722
Length 166 km (103 mi)
Basin 3,005 km2 (1,160 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 25.4 m3/s (897 cu ft/s)
Progression MureșTiszaDanubeBlack Sea

Most probably "Arieș" means "Gold River", the name being derived from the Latin "Aureus". The Hungarian name "Aranyos" means "Golden" and it was first mentioned in 1177.[2]

Contents

CourseEdit

The source of the river is in the Bihor Mountains, part of the Apuseni Mountains, which translates as The Western Mountains. The Arieș is formed near the village of Mihoești at the confluence of two headwaters: Arieșul Mare and Arieșul Mic. It flows through Alba and Cluj Counties and flows into the Mureș near the village of Gura Arieșului, which is close to the town of Luduș.

The towns of Câmpeni, Baia de Arieș, Turda, and Câmpia Turzii lie on the river Arieș. The upper valley of the river, Țara Moților, is a beautiful rustic region and an important mining region (Roșia Montană), rich in gold, silver and uranium. Those mines of Apuseni Mountains (also known as "Metaliferi Mountains") were exploited since Dacian reign, and later on they attracted the Roman invasion.

Towns and villagesEdit

TributariesEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ 2017 Romanian Statistical Yearbook, p. 13
  2. ^ Vistai András János. "Erdélyi helynévkönyv". Retrieved 2009-12-28.
Sources
  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române – Cadastrul Apelor – București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie – Rîurile României – București, 1972
  • Trasee turistice – Județul Alba [1]
  • Trasee turistice – județul Cluj [2]
  • Kniezsa István- Erdély földrajzi nevei [3]

MapsEdit

  • Munții Trascău [4]
  • Harta Munților Apuseni [5]
  • Harta județului Alba [6]