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Arcis-sur-Aube is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.

Arcis-sur-Aube
Bridge over the Aube at Arcis-sur-Aube
Bridge over the Aube at Arcis-sur-Aube
Coat of arms of Arcis-sur-Aube
Coat of arms
Location of Arcis-sur-Aube
Arcis-sur-Aube is located in France
Arcis-sur-Aube
Arcis-sur-Aube
Arcis-sur-Aube is located in Grand Est
Arcis-sur-Aube
Arcis-sur-Aube
Coordinates: 48°32′05″N 4°08′23″E / 48.5347°N 4.1397°E / 48.5347; 4.1397Coordinates: 48°32′05″N 4°08′23″E / 48.5347°N 4.1397°E / 48.5347; 4.1397
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentAube
ArrondissementTroyes
CantonArcis-sur-Aube
IntercommunalityArcis, Mailly, Ramerupt
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Serge Lardin
Area
1
9.49 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)2[1]
2,917
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
10006 /10700
Elevation85–124 m (279–407 ft)
(avg. 92 m or 302 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arcisiens or Arcisiennes[2]

The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[3]

Contents

GeographyEdit

Arcis-sur-Aube is located some 27 km north of Troyes and 40 km east of Romilly-sur-Seine. Access to the commune is by the D441 road from Villette-sur-Aube in the west passing through the commune and the town and continuing to Vaupoisson. The D677 also comes from Mailly-le-Camp in the north intersecting the D441 in the town and continuing south to Voué. The D31 also goes south-west from the town to Les Grandes-Chapelles. The D10 road comes from Allibaudières in the north-west and passes through the north-west of the commune joining the D441 west of the town. A railway passes through the west of the commune from north to south with a station west of the town. The Aube river marks the northern boundary of the town flowing west but the commune covers both left and right banks of the river. The D677 passes over the river on a bridge.

The right bank and a small portion of the left bank of the Aube consists of forest and farmland. The urban area of the town extends south from the left bank and occupies about a quarter of the land area. The south of the commune is entirely farmland.[4]

Transport AccessEdit

Road access
Public transport
  • Coach:
    • Regular route No. 7: Troyes (bus station) ⇒ ⇒ Arcis Mailly and vice versa. The stop is located in front of the hall (schedules available on the Procars website). Route 7 is operated by the company Procars Champagne and managed by the General Council of Aube.
    • Regular route No. 5: TransChampagneArdenne Troyes ⇒ Chalons-en-Champagne ⇒ Reims ⇒ Charleville-Mézières and vice versa. The stop is located at Rue de Chalons (schedules available on the Stdmarne website). Route 5 is operated by the Departmental Transportation Services of the Marne.
  • Train:
  • Air:

HistoryEdit

 
In this small painting commissioned by the subject's nephew, Prince Napoleon, the emperor is portrayed in a forbidding landscape just after his last, hard-won victory in the 1814 French campaign that was fought at Arcis-sur-Aube: 23,000 French troops withstood the onslaught of 90,000 Austrians, but were unable to capitalize on their victory.
  • Saint Victor was a hermit and confessor at Arcis-sur-Aube in the 6th century.
  • Around the same period a local coinage called Leudericus and Daovaldus was produced.
  • In 1546, François I authorized the construction of walls around the city.[5]
  • Arcis has been the scene of the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube, a bloody battle fought by Napoleon I on 1 March 1814 against the Austro-Russians: part of the city was burned. To commemorate the participation of Cossacks from the Russian army a city in Ukraine (Artsyz) and a village in the southern Urals (Arsinski or Арсинский) bear this name.
  • From 1790 to 1795 Arcis was the chief town of the arrondissement of Arcis-sur-Aube which was composed of 11 cantons and 89 communes.
  • During the creation of arrondissements in 1800 Arcis became the capital of one of them but this was abolished in 1926. The cantons of Arcis-sur-Aube and Ramerupt are attached to the Arrondissement of Troyes; the Canton of Méry-sur-Seine was attached to the Arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Seine, and the Canton of Chavanges was attached to the Arrondissement of Bar-sur-Aube. This was effective from 1801: 4 cantons and 93 communes.

HeraldryEdit

Blazon:

Azure, 6 roundels Argent posed 3-2-1, in chief Or, bordure in Gules.



AdministrationEdit

List of Successive Mayors[6]

From To Name Party Position
1857 Romulus Ludot
2001 Current Serge Lardin UDF then UMP then LR Former General Councillor

(Not all data is known)

TwinningEdit

Arcis-sur-Aube has twinning associations with:[7]

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
20052,993—    
20062,981−0.4%
20073,024+1.4%
20083,019−0.2%
20093,015−0.1%
20103,011−0.1%
20112,988−0.8%
20122,975−0.4%
20132,918−1.9%
20142,870−1.6%
20152,822−1.7%
20162,835+0.5%

EconomyEdit

Besides many big farms producing all sorts of cereals, the sugar industry has a big plant there: Cristal Union

Culture and heritageEdit

Civil heritageEdit

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Savouré Factory at 47 rue des Anciens fossés (19th century) [8]
  • The Town Hall at Place des Héros (formerly a Chateau) (18th century) [9]
  • The former Chigot et cie Factory at 21 Rue Jean Jaurès (1908) [10]
  • The former Jules Bourgeois Factory at 21 Rue Jean Jaurès (19th century) [11]
  • The Gérard Fortier Factory at 44 Rue de Troyes (19th century) [12]

Religious heritageEdit

 
The Church of Saint-Étienne in 2007.

The Church of Saint-Étienne (16th century)  is registered as an historical monument.[13] It was bombed in June 1940 and then restored. It houses two pentagonal chapels and a flamboyant portal.[14] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

Arcis-sur-Aube Picture GalleryEdit

Notable people linked to the communeEdit

 
The statue of Danton in 2007
  • Georges Jacques Danton, was born 26 October 1759 in Arcis-sur-Aube to a respectable though not wealthy family. He was given a good education, and he was launched in the career of an advocate at the Paris bar. He became a French revolutionary and died on the guillotine in Paris on 5 April 1794.
  • Pierre Arnauld de La Briffe (6 May 1772, Paris - 11 September 1839, Arcis-sur-Aube), Lord of Arcis-sur-Aube before the French Revolution, military man and French politician in the 19th century.
  • Hugues-Iéna Darcy (29 October 1807, Arcis-sur-Aube - 4 June 1880, Corcelles-les-Monts) high French official of the 19th century

In LiteratureEdit

Honoré de Balzac made Arcis-sur-Aube part of his novel Le Député d'Arcis (The Member for Arcis), left unfinished at his death and completed by Charles Rabbou. Arcis-sur-Aube was also the place of action in Une ténébreuse affaire (A murky affair) written in 1844.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

NotesEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Aube (in French)
  3. ^ Arcis-sur-Aube in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom Archived 10 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine (in French)
  4. ^ a b Google Maps
  5. ^ Fernand Braudel, Civilisation - Material, Economy and Capitalism from the 15th to the 18th centuries Vol. 1: The structures of daily life, Ed. Le livre de poche, Paris, 1979, page 550: "Arcis-sur-Aube [...] authorised by François I, in 1546, to encircle by ramparts" (in French)
  6. ^ List of Mayors of France
  7. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (in French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000046 Savouré Factory (in French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078017 Town Hall (in French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000045 Chigot et cie Factory (in French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000047 Jules Bourgeois Factory (in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA10000048 Gérard Fortier Factory (in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00078018 Church of Saint-Étienne (in French) 
  14. ^ Marguerite Beau: Essay on the religious architecture of southern Champagne from Aube including Troyes, 1991 (in French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10001691 Statue: Virgin and child (in French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10000030 Life of the Virgin, Life of Christ IM10012929 Transparent (20th century) IM10012928 Life of the Virgin IM10012927 Transparent IM10012926 Life of Saint Nicolas IM10012925 Life of Saint Peter IM10012924 Life of Saints Crespin and Crépinien IM10001143 History of Noé (bay 13) IM10001142 Life of the Virgin (bay 12) IM10001141 Figures (bay 11) IM10001140 Children of Christ (bay 8) IM10001139 Life of Saint Nicolas (bay 7) IM10001138 Life of Saints Crépin and Crépinien (bay 3) IM10001137 Legend of Saint Peter (bay 1) (in French) 
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012837 2 Pre-dieu (in French) 
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012836 Ciborium IM10012833 Ciborium IM10012832 Ciborium IM10012831 Ciborium (in French) 
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012835 Paten (in French) 
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012834 Chalice (in French) 
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012830 Credence table (in French) 
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM10012849 Furniture in the Church (in French)