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One of the Sahastra Bahu Temples built during the 10th century CE.

Rajasthani architecture originated in the sixth century in and around areas of the state of Rajasthan in India during Gurjara Pratihara Empire.

Styles of Rajasthani architecture include:

Architecture in Rajasthan represents many different types of buildings, which may broadly be classed either as secular or religious. The secular buildings are of various scales. They include towns, villages, wells, gardens, houses, and palaces. All these kinds of buildings were meant for public and civic purposes. The forts are also included in secular buildings, though they were also used for defense and military purposes. The typology of the buildings of religious nature consists of three different kinds: temples, mosques, and tombs. The typology of the buildings of secular nature is more varied.

HistoryEdit

Medieval periodEdit

 
The Albert Hall Museum was designed by Samuel Swinton Jacob, and was opened as public museum in 1887.

The Dilwara Jain Temples of Mount Abu built between the 11th and 13th centuries CE are the best examples of Jain Architecture in Rajasthan.

The Hill Forts of Rajasthan (Amer, Chittor, Gagron, Jaisalmer, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambore), a group of six forts built by various Rajput kingdoms and principalities during the medieval period are the best examples of Rajput Architecture. The ensemble is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Other forts include the Mehrangarh Fort and Jaigarh Fort.

Modern periodEdit

The walled city of Jaipur was formed in 1727 by Jai Singh II. Subsequently, the City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Rambagh Palace, Jal Mahal and Albert Hall Museum were also built.

The rulers of the princely states of Rajasthan continued the tradition of building elaborate palaces, such as the Lalgarh Palace in Bikaner, Monsoon Palace in Udaipur, and Umaid Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur.

Post-IndependenceEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Atherton, Cynthia Packert (1997). The Sculpture of Early Medieval Rajasthan. BRILL. ISBN 9004107894.

External linksEdit