In various conferences, Fiji, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Bahamas, and the Philippines are the five original sovereign states that obtained approval in the run by conventions and 8PM on the Law of the Sea signed in Montego Bay, Jamaica, on December 10, 1982, and qualified as archipelagic states.
Archipelagic states are states that are composed of groups of islands forming a state as a single unit, with the islands and the waters within the baselines as internal waters. Under this concept ("archipelagic doctrine"), an archipelago shall be regarded as a single unit, so that the waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the state, and are subject to its exclusive sovereignty.
The approval of the United Nations for the five sovereign states as archipelagic states respect existing agreements with other countries and shall recognize traditional fishing rights and other legitimate activities of the immediately adjacent neighboring countries in certain areas falling within archipelagic waters. The terms and conditions for the exercise of such rights and activities, including the nature, the extent and the areas to which they apply, shall, at the request of any of the countries concerned, be regulated by bilateral agreements between them. Such rights shall not be transferred to or shared with third countries or their nationals.
List of archipelagosEdit
This is a list of archipelago countries in the world. These are island countries with more than one big island and not one island shared by multiple countries. For more info see the List of island countries.
|Name||Geographic configuration||Geologic location||Population||Area (km²)||Population
|Antigua and Barbuda||Two main islands||Continental shelf||86,295||440||194||Caribbean Sea, Leeward Islands|
|Bahamas||Archipelago||Continental shelf||392,000||13,878||23.27||Atlantic Ocean, Bahamas|
|Cape Verde||Archipelago||Oceanic||518,467||4,033||125.5||Atlantic Ocean, Africa|
|Comoros||Archipelago||Oceanic||784,745||2,235||275||Indian Ocean, Africa|
|Cook Islands[n 1]||Archipelago||Oceanic||10,777||236||45.7||Pacific Ocean, Polynesia|
|Federated States of Micronesia[n 2]||Archipelago||Oceanic||101,351||702||158.1||Pacific Ocean, Micronesia|
|Fiji||Archipelago||Oceanic||859,178||18,274||46.4||Pacific Ocean, Melanesia|
|Indonesia||Archipelago||Two continental shelves||255,461,700||1,904,569||124.7||Maritime Southeast Asia|
|Japan||Archipelago||Continental shelf||124,800,000||377,873||337||Pacific Ocean, East Asia|
|Kiribati||Archipelago||Oceanic||98,000||811||135||Pacific Ocean, Micronesia|
|Malta||Two main islands||Continental shelf||404,500||316||1,282||Mediterranean Sea|
|Marshall Islands[n 2]||Archipelago||Oceanic||62,000||181||342.5||Pacific Ocean, Micronesia|
|Mauritius||Archipelago||Oceanic||1,244,663||2,040||610||Indian Ocean, Africa|
|New Zealand||Two main islands||Continental shelf||4,691,194||268,680||17.4||Pacific Ocean, Polynesia|
|Niue[n 1]||One Island||Oceanic||1,269||260||4.9||Pacific Ocean, Polynesia|
|Palau[n 2]||Archipelago||Oceanic||20,000||459||43.6||Pacific Ocean, Micronesia|
|Papua New Guinea||Part of a larger island||Continental shelf||6,732,000||462,840||14.5||Pacific Ocean, Melanesia|
|Philippines||Archipelago||Continental shelf||101,398,120||300,000||295||Maritime Southeast Asia|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Two main islands||Continental shelf||51,300||261||164||Caribbean Sea, Leeward Islands|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Archipelago||Continental shelf||120,000||389||307||Caribbean Sea, Windward Islands|
|Samoa||Archipelago||Oceanic||179,000||2,831||63.2||Pacific Ocean, Polynesia|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||Two main islands||Continental shelf||163,000||1,001||169.1||Atlantic Ocean, Africa|
|Seychelles||Archipelago||Oceanic||87,500||455||192||Indian Ocean, Africa|
|Solomon Islands||Archipelago||Oceanic||523,000||28,400||18.1||Pacific Ocean, Melanesia|
|Tonga||Archipelago||Oceanic||104,000||748||139||Pacific Ocean, Polynesia|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Two main islands||Continental shelf||1,299,953||5,131||254.4||Caribbean Sea, South America|
|Tuvalu||Archipelago||Oceanic||12,373||26||475.88||Pacific Ocean, Polynesia|
|United Kingdom||One main island; part of second island||Continental shelf||65,587,300||244,820||246||Atlantic Ocean, British Isles|
|Vanuatu||Archipelago||Oceanic||243,304||12,190||19.7||Pacific Ocean, Melanesia|
- "Preamble to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Article 46 – Use of Terms". United Nations. May 13, 2013.
- "United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982". United Nations. May 13, 2013.
- "2 laws UNLCOS 200 and Archipelagic States to End Spratlys Disputes: THE ARCHIPELAGIC STATES". Rebuilding for the Better Philippines. May 13, 2013.
- "PART IV ARCHIPELAGIC STATES: Article 51 – Existing agreements, traditional fishing rights and existing submarine cables". United Nations. May 13, 2013.
- "Island Countries Of The World". WorldAtlas.com. Archived from the original on 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2019-08-10.