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Carriacou and Petite Martinique, also known as the Southern Grenadines, is a dependency of Grenada, lying north of Grenada island and south of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the Lesser Antilles. The islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique belong to the sovereign state of Grenada. Together they all form the 3-island country of Grenada, Carriacou, and Petite Martinique.
Carriacou and Petite Martinique
Carriacou et La Petite Martinique
and largest city
12°28.9′N 61°27.5′W / 12.4817°N 61.4583°W
|Government||Dependency of Grenada|
|King Charles III|
|Cécile La Grenade|
• Minister for Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs
• Part of British Grenada
• Part of Grenada
|February 7, 1974|
|37.7 km2 (14.6 sq mi)|
|Currency||East Caribbean dollar (XCD)|
• Summer (DST)
|Calling code||+1 473|
Carriacou Island is the largest island of the Grenadines, an archipelago in the Windward Islands chain. The island is 13 square miles (34 km2) with a population of 9,595 (2019 census). The main settlements on the island are Hillsborough, L'Esterre, Harvey Vale, and Windward.
The neighbouring island of Petite Martinique is 2.5 miles (2.2 nmi) away from Carriacou, and also a part of Grenada. With its 586 acres (2.37 km2) and population of 900, it is smaller than Carriacou. The residents of this island live by boat-building, fishing and seafaring. Carriacou and Petite Martinique are known for its Regatta and Village Maroon.
On 27 September 1650, Jacques du Parquet bought Grenada from the Compagnie des Iles de l'Amerique, which was dissolved, for the equivalent of £1160. In 1657, Jacques du Parquet sold Grenada to Jean de Faudoas, Comte de Sérillac, for the equivalent of £1890. In 1664, King Louis XIV bought out the independent island owners and established the French West India Company. In 1674, the French West India Company was dissolved. Proprietary rule ended in Grenada, which became a French crown colony as a dependency of Martinique.
Carriacou and Petite Martinique was part of the French colony in 1762. It was part of the British Grenada colony from 1763 to 1779 and 1783–1974. It was part of the French Grenada colony from 1779 to 1783. During this turbulent period, most of the land on Carriacou and all of the property on Petite Martinique was owned by a free black woman, Judith Philip, and her family members. It has been a dependency of Grenada since 1974.
Carriacou is the largest of the Grenadines and is characterized by hilly terrain sloping to white sand beaches. The island stretches from Pegus Point in the south to Gun Point in the north and it is about 7 miles (11 km) long.
The island has several natural harbors and many coral reefs and small offshore islets.
The highest point on the island is High Point North at 955 feet (291 m) above sea level. Carriacou has no rivers. Residents rely on rainfall for their water.
|Carriacou||34 km2 (13 sq mi)||9,595|
|Petite Martinique||2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi)||900|
|Large Island||0.50 km2 (0.19 sq mi)||none|
|Frigate Island||0.40 km2 (0.15 sq mi)||none|
|Saline Island||0.30 km2 (0.12 sq mi)||none|
There are two seasons, wet and dry. The dry season is between January and June when the trade winds dominate the climate; the rainy season is from July to December. The climate is tropical. Temperatures range from 27–32 °C (81–90 °F) on land, with 26–30 °C (79–86 °F) water temps.
Carriacou and Petite Martinique is a Grenadian Constituency. Tevin Andrews, NDC, is the representative for Carriacou and Petite Martinique Constituency and also the Minister of Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs. The Grenadian constitution of 1974 guarantees a right to autonomy and local government for Carriacou and Petite Martinique, but this has never been implemented. In 2022, the government of Dickon Mitchell introduced a bill to parliament to establish a local Council for Carriacou and Petite Martinique. 
There are four major cultural festivals held on Carriacou and one on Petite Martinique. Carriacou Carnival, called "Kayak Mas", is held during the days leading up to Lent in late February or early March. The Carriacou Regatta, held on the first weekend in August, is a racing event for locally built boats. The Regatta began in 1965, making it the longest running regatta in the Caribbean. The Parang, on the weekend prior to Christmas, celebrates the island's traditional Christmas music and culture. Village Maroons take place year round, and involve villagers partaking in cooking traditional foods and the "Big Drum Dance". The Carriacou Maroon & String Band Music Festival is held in the last weekend of April of the year. Petite Martinique's Whitsuntide Regatta Festival takes place annually on Whitsuntide weekend, and consists of boat races, performances, and other activities.
Carriacou and Petite Martinique's main transport system includes roads and ferries. The people of Carriacou travel mainly by privately run 15 seater buses. Rental cars and taxis are also available and boats are commonplace. Lauriston Airport, located in Lauriston, Carriacou, is the island's major airport, and a small ferry boat known as the Osprey runs between Carriacou, Grenada, and Petite Martinique. The short distances between the Grenadines also enables travel between them by small boats.
- Rough Science, a BBC documentary television series made in Carriacou
- List of Caribbean islands
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- ^ a b Steele, page 54
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- ^ "Carriacou and Petite Martinique Local Government Bill, 2022". The New Today Grenada. 29 October 2022. Retrieved 26 December 2022.
- ^ Osman, Radeya (2023-01-18). "Carriacou Carnival 2023: What to expect". Soca News. Archived from the original on 2023-03-27.
- ^ a b "Caribbean carnivals: eight iconic events and when to go". National Geographic UK. 2022-07-08. Retrieved 2023-03-27.
- ^ "Republic Bank continues to support Carriacou Regatta Festival". NOW Grenada. 17 July 2018. Archived from the original on 25 May 2022.
- ^ "55th anniversary of the Carriacou Regatta". Embassy of Grenada. Washington, District of Columbia. Archived from the original on 26 Mar 2023. Retrieved 2023-03-27.
- ^ Miller, Rebecca S. (2003). ""Me Ain' Lie on Nobody!" Locality, Regionalism, and Identity at the Parang String Band Competition in Carriacou, Grenada". The World of Music. 45 (1): 55–77. ISSN 0043-8774.
- ^ a b "Culture". Pure Grenada. Grenada Tourism Authority. Retrieved 2023-03-27.
- ^ "Cancellation Notice: Carriacou Maroon and String Band Music Festival". NOW Grenada. 21 April 2022. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022.
- ^ "Petite Martinique Whitsuntide Regatta". Embassy of Granada. Washington, District of Columbia. Retrieved 2023-03-27.
- ^ "Home kyak106". www.kyak106.com.
- ^ "Harbour Light of the Windwards". www.harbourlightradio.org.
- Carriacou Regatta Festival Archived 2019-04-16 at the Wayback Machine
- Live view of Petit Martinique from Belair
- Carriacou 2011: a preliminary presentation of some interesting finds