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Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (17 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was the father of two emperors: Franz Joseph I of Austria and Maximilian I of Mexico. Through his third son Karl Ludwig, he was the grandfather of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria – whose assassination sparked the hostilities that led to the outbreak of World War I – and the great-grandfather of the last Habsburg emperor Karl I.

Archduke Franz Karl
Waldmüller Erzherzog Franz Carl 1839.jpg
Franz Karl at age 37, 1839
Born(1802-12-17)17 December 1802
Vienna, Austria
Died8 March 1878(1878-03-08) (aged 75)
Vienna
Burial
SpousePrincess Sophie of Bavaria
IssueFranz Joseph I of Austria
Maximilian I of Mexico
Archduke Karl Ludwig
Archduchess Maria Anna
Archduke Ludwig Viktor
Full name
German: Franz Karl Joseph
English: Francis Charles Joseph
HouseHabsburg-Lorraine
FatherFrancis II, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherPrincess Maria Theresa the Two Sicilies
ReligionRoman Catholicism
Styles of
Archduke Franz Carl of Austria
Imperial Coat of Arms of the Empire of Austria (1815).svg
Reference styleHis Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Imperial and Royal Highness

LifeEdit

 
Franz Karl at age 75, 1878

Early life and marriageEdit

Franz Karl was born in Vienna, the third son of Emperor Francis II (I) by his second marriage with Princess Maria Theresa from the House of Bourbon, daughter of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and Maria Carolina of Habsburg-Lorraine. On 4 November 1824 in Vienna he married Princess Sophie of Bavaria from the House of Wittelsbach, a daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria by his second wife Caroline of Baden. Sophie's paternal half-sister, Caroline Augusta of Bavaria was by this time Franz Karl's stepmother, having married his thrice-widowed father in 1816. The Wittelsbachs condoned the unappealing manners of Sophie's husband in consideration of the incapability of his elder brother Ferdinand and Sophie's chance to become Austrian Empress.

Franz Karl was an unambitious and generally ineffectual man, although he was, together with his uncle Archduke Louis a member of the Geheime Staatskonferenz council, which after the death of Emperor Francis II ruled the Austrian Empire in the stead of his mentally ill brother Ferdinand from 1835 to 1848. The decisions, however, were actually made by the Minister of State Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and his rival Count Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky. His wife Sophie had already transferred her ambitions, when she urged Franz Karl to renounce his claims to the throne at the time of his brother's abdication on 2 December 1848, allowing their eldest son Franz Joseph I to take the throne.

Death and burialEdit

Archduke Franz Karl died in Vienna in 1878, six years after the death of his wife. He is buried at the Imperial Crypt at the Capuchin Church. Franz Karl was the last Habsburg whose viscera were entombed at the Ducal Crypt of St. Stephen's Cathedral and whose heart was placed at the Herzgruft of the Augustinian Church according to a centuries-long family rite.

Honours and awardsEdit

He received the following awards:[1]

IssueEdit

Name Birth Death Notes
By Sophie, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872; married on 4 November 1824 in St. Augustine's Church, Vienna)
Franz Joseph 18 August 1830 21 November 1916 Succeeded as Emperor of Austria;
married his first cousin Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria, and had issue
Maximilian 6 July 1832 19 June 1867 Proclaimed Emperor of Mexico
executed by a firing squad
married Charlotte, Princess of Belgium, no issue
Karl Ludwig 30 July 1833 19 May 1896 Married 1) his first cousin Margaretha, Princess of and Duchess in Saxony, (1840–1858) from 1856 to 1858, no issue, married 2) to Maria Annunziata, Princess of the Two-Sicilies (1843–1871) from 1862 to 1871, had issue (three sons and one daughter) and married 3) to Maria Theresia, Infanta of Portugal, (1855–1944), from 1873 to 1899, had issue (two daughters)
Maria Anna 27 October 1835 5 February 1840 Died in childhood, no issue
Stillborn son 24 October 1840 24 October 1840
Ludwig Viktor 15 May 1842 18 January 1919 Died unmarried, no issue

See alsoEdit

AncestorsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich (1878), Genealogy p. 5
  2. ^ Boettger, T. F. "Chevaliers de la Toisón d'Or - Knights of the Golden Fleece". La Confrérie Amicale. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  3. ^ "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1873), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 57, 73
  5. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern (in German). Königl. Oberpostamt. 1867. p. 8. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  6. ^ Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1865), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 20
  7. ^ Staatshandbuch für den Freistaat Sachsen (1867) (in German), "Königliche Ritter-Orden", p. 4
  8. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Hannover (1865), "Königliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 37
  9. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1869), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 8
  10. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg: für das Jahr 1872/73, "Der Großherzogliche Haus-und Verdienst Orden" p. 30
  11. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1866), "Königliche Orden" p. 30
  12. ^ Almanacco di corte (in Italian). 1858. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  13. ^ "Sveriges statskalender (1877) p.368" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org.
  14. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Franz I." . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 208 – via Wikisource.
  15. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria Theresia von Neapel" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 81 – via Wikisource.
  16. ^ a b c d Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria Theresia (deutsche Kaiserin)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 60 – via Wikisource.
  17. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria Ludovica (deutsche Kaiserin)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 53 – via Wikisource.
  18. ^ a b Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 9.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria at Wikimedia Commons