Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
Archduke Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria (30 July 1833 – 19 May 1896) was the younger brother of Franz Joseph I of Austria (1830–1916), the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863–1914), whose assassination ignited World War I, and grandfather of the last emperor, Charles I.
|Archduke Karl Ludwig|
Photograph by Ludwig Angerer, about 1861
|Born||30 July 1833|
Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austrian Empire
|Died||19 May 1896 (aged 62)|
Imperial Crypt, Vienna
|Spouse||Margarete of Saxony|
Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies
Maria Theresa of Portugal
|Issue||Archduke Franz Ferdinand|
Archduke Otto Franz
Archduke Ferdinand Karl
Archduchess Margarete Sophie
Archduchess Maria Annunciata
Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie
|Father||Archduke Franz Karl of Austria|
|Mother||Princess Sophie of Bavaria|
His mother ensured he was raised a devout Roman Catholic by the Vienna Prince-archbishop Joseph Othmar Rauscher, a conviction that evolved into religious mania in his later years.
Though not interested in politics, the 20-year-old joined the Galician government of Count Agenor Romuald Gołuchowski and in 1855 accepted his appointment as Tyrolean stadtholder in Innsbruck, where he took his residence at Ambras Castle. However, he found his authority to exert power restricted by the Austrian cabinet of his cousin Archduke Rainer Ferdinand and Baron Alexander von Bach. He finally laid down the office upon the issue of the 1861 February Patent for a life as patron of the arts and sciences.
As the eldest surviving brother of the Emperor, Karl Ludwig, after the death of his nephew Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria in 1889, became heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian Empire. A newspaper article appeared shortly after the death of his nephew claiming that the Archduke had renounced his succession rights in favor of his eldest son Franz Ferdinand. This rumor proved to be false.[failed verification]
Marriage and familyEdit
|Monarchical styles of|
Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
|Reference style||His Imperial and Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Imperial and Royal Highness|
Karl Ludwig married three times.
His first wife, whom he married on 4 November 1856 at Dresden, was his first cousin Margaretha of Saxony (1840–1858), the daughter of Johann of Saxony (1801–1873) and Amalie Auguste of Bavaria (1801–1877). She died on 15 September 1858 and they had no children.[better source needed]
His second wife, whom he married by proxy on 16 October 1862 at Rome, and in person on 21 October 1862 at Venice, was Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1843–1871), daughter of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (1810–1859) and Maria Theresa of Austria (1816–1867).[better source needed]
They had four children:
- Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (December 18, 1863 – June 28, 1914) he married Countess Sophie Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin on 1 July 1900. They had four children.
- Archduke Otto Franz of Austria (21 April 1865 – 1 November 1906) he married Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (1867–1944) on 2 October 1886. They had two sons, including Karl I, the last Emperor of Austria.
- Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria (27 December 1868 – 12 March 1915) he married Bertha Czuber on 15 August 1909.
- Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria (13 May 1870 – 24 August 1902) she married Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg on 24 January 1893. They had seven children.
Maria Annunciata died on 4 May 1871.[better source needed]
His third wife, whom he married on 23 July 1873 at Kleinheubach, was Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal (1855–1944), daughter of Miguel I of Portugal (1802–1866) and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1831–1909).[better source needed]
They had two daughters:
- Archduchess Maria Annunziata of Austria (13 July 1876 – 8 April 1961). Abbess of the Theresia Convent in the Hradschin, Prague.
- Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria (7 July 1878 – 13 March 1960) she married Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein on 20 April 1903. They had eight children.
Karl Ludwig died of typhoid at Schönbrunn in Vienna returning from a journey to Palestine and Egypt, allegedly after the consumption of contaminated Jordan waters. His widow, Maria Teresa died on 12 February 1944.[better source needed]
- Austrian decorations
- Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight, 1852
- Order of St. Stephen of Hungary, Grand Cross, 1859
- Military Merit Medal on red ribbon
- Long Service Cross for Officers, 2nd Class
- Foreign decorations
- Baden: House Order of Fidelity, Grand Cross
- Kingdom of Bavaria: Order of St. Hubert, Knight
- Belgium: Royal Order of Leopold, Grand Cordon, 1853; wedding gift of King Leopold I in honour of his son and daughter-in-law.
- Empire of Brazil: Imperial Order of the Southern Cross, Grand Cross
- Duchy of Brunswick: Order of Henry the Lion, Grand Cross
- Denmark: Order of the Elephant, Knight, 21 July 1890
- Ernestine duchies: Saxe-Ernestine House Order, Grand Cross
- Second French Empire: Legion of Honour, Grand Cross
- Kingdom of Greece: Order of the Redeemer, Grand Cross
- Grand Duchy of Hesse: Ludwig Order, Grand Cross
- Kingdom of Italy: Order of the Annunciation, Knight
- Second Mexican Empire: Imperial Order of the Mexican Eagle, Grand Cross
- Nassau Ducal Family: Order of the Gold Lion of Nassau, Knight
- Netherlands: Order of the Netherlands Lion, Grand Cross
- Ottoman Empire: Order of Osmanieh, 1st Class with Diamonds
- Kingdom of Portugal: Order of the Tower and Sword, Grand Cross
- Kingdom of Prussia:
- Qajar dynasty: Portrait of the Shah of Persia with Diamonds
- Kingdom of Romania: Order of the Star of Romania, Grand Cross
- Russian Empire:
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Order of the White Falcon, Grand Cross
- Kingdom of Saxony: Order of the Rue Crown, Knight
- Principality of Serbia: Order of the Cross of Takovo, Grand Cross
- Siam: Order of the Crown of Siam, 1st Class with Diamonds
- Spain: Order of Charles III, Grand Cross
- Sweden-Norway: Royal Order of the Seraphim, Knight, 7 January 1870
- Württemberg: Order of the Württemberg Crown, Grand Cross
|Ancestors of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria|
- "Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Vol. 29. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 18 May 2012.
- "The Crown Prince's Successor". The New York Times. 1889-02-02.
- "Austria's Insecurity" (PDF). The New York Times. 1896-06-16.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie (1896), Genealogy p. 2
- "Toison Autrichienne (Austrian Fleece) - 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Le livre d'or de l'ordre de Léopold et de la croix de fer, Volume 1 /Ferdinand Veldekens
- Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 472. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
- "Grand Crosses of the Order of the Tower and Sword". geneall.net. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
- "Sveriges statskalender (1877) p.368" (in Swedish). Retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 257 – via Wikisource.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 149 – via Wikisource.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 208 – via Wikisource.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 81 – via Wikisource.
- Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 94.
- "Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine Königin von Bayern". Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte [House of Bavarian History] (in German). Bavarian Ministry of State for Wissenschaft and Kunst. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- Media related to Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria at Wikimedia Commons