Anzin is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.[3] It lies on the Scheldt, 2.4 kilometres (1+12 mi) northwest of Valenciennes, of which it is a suburb.

Anzin
Sainte Barbe
Sainte Barbe
Coat of arms of Anzin
Location of Anzin
Anzin is located in France
Anzin
Anzin
Anzin is located in Hauts-de-France
Anzin
Anzin
Coordinates: 50°22′20″N 3°30′18″E / 50.3722°N 3.505°E / 50.3722; 3.505Coordinates: 50°22′20″N 3°30′18″E / 50.3722°N 3.505°E / 50.3722; 3.505
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentNord
ArrondissementValenciennes
CantonAnzin
IntercommunalityCommunauté d'agglomération Valenciennes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Pierre-Michel Bernard[1]
Area
1
3.64 km2 (1.41 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
13,303
 • Density3,700/km2 (9,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
59014 /59410
Elevation18–95 m (59–312 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Anzin was once the centre of important coal mines of the Valenciennes basin belonging to the Anzin Company, the formation of which dates to 1717.[4] The commune's first coal layer of the area in 1734. The company of the mines of Anzin (Compagnie des mines d'Anzin) was created in 1757. In 1884 these mines were visited by Émile Zola, who based his novel Germinal upon his observations. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the metallurgical industries of the place were extensive, and included iron and copper founding and the manufacture of steam-engines, machinery, chain-cables and a great variety of heavy iron goods. There were also glass-works and breweries.[4]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1699248—    
1731221−0.36%
17932,982+4.29%
1800 3,096+0.54%
1806 3,338+1.26%
1821 3,863+0.98%
1831 4,255+0.97%
1836 4,182−0.35%
1841 4,191+0.04%
1846 4,422+1.08%
1851 5,006+2.51%
1856 5,855+3.18%
1861 6,305+1.49%
1866 7,283+2.93%
1872 7,990+1.56%
1876 9,009+3.05%
1881 10,043+2.20%
1886 10,656+1.19%
1891 11,538+1.60%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1896 12,768+2.05%
1901 14,444+2.50%
1906 14,387−0.08%
1911 14,439+0.07%
1921 13,790−0.46%
1926 15,300+2.10%
1931 16,090+1.01%
1936 14,804−1.65%
1946 14,235−0.39%
1954 15,658+1.20%
1962 16,275+0.48%
1968 15,634−0.67%
1975 14,866−0.72%
1982 14,602−0.26%
1990 14,064−0.47%
1999 14,052−0.01%
2007 13,843−0.19%
2012 13,407−0.64%
2017 13,305−0.15%
Source: EHESS (1800-1999)[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

Popular cultureEdit

Bertrand Tavernier directed his film Ça commence aujourd'hui in Anzin in 1999.

See alsoEdit

Twin citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Commune d'Anzin (59014), INSEE
  4. ^ a b   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Anzin". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 158.
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Anzin, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  • See Reed G. Geiger, The Anzin Coal Company, 1830–1833. Univ of Delaware Press, 1974.