Annopol [aˈnːɔpɔl] (listen) is a small town in south-eastern Poland (historic Lesser Poland), with 2,679 inhabitants (2004) in Kraśnik County. It has been situated in the Lublin Voivodeship (since 1999) previously in Tarnobrzeg Voivodeship (1975–1998).
Church of Saints Joachim and Anna
|• Mayor||Mirosław Gazda|
|• Total||7.73 km2 (2.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||350/km2 (900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Annopol received city rights in 1761, lost them in 1869 during the Partitions of Poland and regained them in 1969. Its coat of arms show St. Anna, the patron saint of the town (the name means Anna's city, from Greek polis). It owes its picturesque location to the Lesser Polish Gorge of the Vistula. Annopol does not have a rail station, but the town is placed along National Road nr. 74, which goes from Piotrków Trybunalski to the Ukrainian border at the village of Zosin. The Vistula river road bridge at Annopol was built in 1967.
Jews began to settle in the town in the early 1600s. By 1921, Jews were 73% of the town's population. During the Holocaust, a ghetto was created by the Germans. Jews from nearby villages and smaller towns, as well as from Kalisz and Łódź, were displaced to the Annopol ghetto. Jews from the ghetto were sent to the labor camps in nearby Rachow and Janiszów.. The ghetto was liquidated on October 15, 1943 and most of the Jews were murdered at the Belzec extermination camp.
- "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
- "Virtual Sztetl" (in Polish). 2018-07-21.
- "Rachow-Annopol; Pirkei Edut We-Zikaron". 2018-07-21.
- Katarzyna Czoków, Annopol at Virtual Shtetl with map.
- Annopol is not to be confused with any one of Annopol towns in the Ukraine, also spelled Hannopil (Аннополь, Ганнопіль) in Vinnyts'ka, Khmel'nyts'ka, Kharkivs'ka and Zhytomyr Oblasts. The town in the Yad Vashem listing, Anipoli, may be one of the Ukrainian Annopol towns, quote: Yiddish Anipoli or Hanipol. The town was an important Hassidic study center. The Maggid of Mezritch is buried there as well as Rabbi Zusha of Hanipol (note spelling), who is named after this town. See: About Jewish Annopol (Hebrew) on Yad Vashem's Ghetto Encyclopedia website.